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Medical Terminology

Final Exam

TermDefinition
Abomasopexy Surgical fixation of the abomasum of ruminants to the abdominal all
Alopecia hair loss resulting in hairless patches or complete lack of hair (alopec/o = baldness)
Analgesic Substance that relieves pain without affecting consciousness
Anastomosis Surgical connection between two tubular or hollow structures
Anemia blood condition of less-than-normal levels of red blood cells and/or hemoglobin
Ankylosis Loss of joint mobility caused by disease, injury, or surgery (alkyl/o = bent or stiff)
Anorexia Lack or loss of appetite
Anuria complete suppression of urine production
Arteriosclerosis abnormal hardening of the arteries
Arthralgia joint pain
Ataxia Lack of voluntary control of muscle movement, "wobbliness"
Atelectasis incomplete expansion of the alveoli (collapse of a lung)
Blepharospasm rapid, involuntary contractions of the eyelid
Borborygmus Gas movements in the gastrointestinal tract that produces a rumbling noise
Brachygnathia A shortened mandible, or a mandible that is under- shot (parrot mouth)
Bradycardia Abnormally slow heartbeat
Canthus The angle where the upper and lower eyelids meet (corner of the eye)
Cardiomyopathy Disease of the heart muscle
Cataract Cloudiness or opacity of the lens
-centesis surgical puncture to remove fluid or gas
Coprophagia ingestion of fecal materia
Cornea provides most of the focusing power of the eye
Cryptorchidism Developmental defect in which one or both testes fail to descend into the scrotum
Cyanosis Condition of blue discoloration
Cystitis inflammation of the urinary bladder
Dacryoadenitis Inflammation of the lacrimal gland
Distal means farthest from the midline or farthest from the beginning of a structure
Dolichocephalic Dogs with narrow, long heads (collies and greyhounds)
Dyschezia difficult defecating
Dysphagia Difficulty swallowing or eating
Dysplasia Abnormal growth or development of an organ or tissue or a cell
Dyspnea Difficult or labored breathing
Dystocia Difficult birth; female is having difficulty expelling the fetus
Ecchymoses purplish non-elevated patch of bleeding into the skin (bruise)
Ectropion eversion, or turning outward, of the eyelid
Electrocardiogram (ECG/EKG) Record of the electrical activity of the heart
Emphysema Chronic lung disease caused by enlargement of the alveoli or changes in the alveolar wall
Encephalomyelitis inflammation of the brain and spinal cord
Endosteum tough, fibrous tissue that forms the lining of the medullary cavity
Enterostomy surgical production of an artificial opening between the small intestine and abdominal wall
Epiphora Excessive tear production
Epistaxis Nosebleed
Erythema skin redness
Gastrostomy surgical production of an artificial opening between the stomach and abdominal wall
Gastrotomy surgical incision into the stomach
Gingivitis inflammation of the gums
Glossitis inflammation of the tongue
Hematuria Blood in urine
Hemiparesis Weakness on one side of the body
Hepatomegaly abnormal enlargement of the liver
Pyothorax Accumulation of pus in the chest cavity
Hernia Protrusion of a body part through tissues that normally contain it
Hydro- water
Hydrocephalus Abnormally elevated amount of cerebrospinal fluid in the ventricles of the brain ("water on the brain")
Hyperesthesia excessive sensitivity
Hypernatremia excessive level of blood sodium
Hyperplasia Abnormal increase in the number of normal cells in normal arrangement in an organ or a tissue
Hypotension Low blood pressure
Hysterectomy surgical removal of the uterus
Infarct Localized area of necrosis caused by an interrupted blood supply
Intussusception Telescoping of one part of the intestine into an adjacent part
Ischemia deficiency in the blood supply an area
Jaundice yellow discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes caused by elevated bilirubin levels, also called icterus
Laparotomy surgical incision into the abdomen
Leukemia Elevation in the number of malignant white blood cells; animals with leukemia have extremely elevated total leukocyte counts. (malignant = cancerous)
Leukocytosis Elevation in the number of white blood cells
Leukopenia deficiency of white blood cells; sometimes called leukocytope
Lingual surface the aspect of the tooth that faces the tongue
Lipoma Benign growth of fat cells; also called fatty tumor (commonly seen in older dogs)
Lithotripsy destruction of stone using ultrasonic waves traveling through water (-tripsy = crush)
Lymph lymph vessels, fluid and nodes
Lymphocytosis Elevated numbers of lymphocytes in the blood
Mammary glands Milk-producing glands in females (number of mammary glands varies with species)
Mastectomy surgical removal of the breast or mammary gland
Mastication Chewing; makes food easier to swallow by breaking it into smaller pieces and by increasing the surface area of food particles or ingesta
Mastitis Inflammation of the mammary gland(s)
Meatus passage or opening
Melanoma tumor or growth of pigmented skin cells (malignant melanoma = can of the pigmented skin cells)
Microcephaly abnormally small skull
Microphthalmia abnormally small eyes
Necrosis Tissue death
Nephritis Inflammation of the kidney's
Oliguria scanty or little urine
Oncology the study, diagnosis, and treatment of tumors
Onychectomy surgical procedure to remove the claws (de-claw)
Osteomalacia Abnormal softening of the bone
Osteosarcoma malignant neoplasm composed of bone (bone tumor)
Otitis Inflammation of the ear
Otoplasty surgical repair of the ear
Pathogenic bacteria producing disease
Pharyngitis Inflammation of the throat
Pollakiuria frequent urination
Polydipsia excessive thirst or drinking
Proptosis displacement of the eye from the orbit
Pruritus itching
Rhinoplasty Surgical repair of the nose (nose job)
Spondylosis any degenerative disorder of the vertebrae
Stomatitis inflammation of the mouth
Tenesmus Painful, ineffective defecation or urination
Trichobezoar Hairball
Created by: CedarBrooke