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LAT Certification

Chapter 15

What are some examples of animal emergencies? Trauma, Hypothermia, Medical Emergencies, Deterioration of an animal's health during or after an experimental manipulation
What are some typical signs of distress? Behavioral changes, blood, labor, ambulation or body posture, gums or mucous membrane color, pulse rate, respiratory, seizures, body temp, skin, responsiveness and balance
What is an important skill to develop for during an emergency situation? The ability to provide a clear and concise history or summary of the situation to the veterinarian or supervisor.
Define shock Peripheral circulation fails either because of the loss of excessive fluid or the loss of circulatory control
What are the signs of shock? Pale mucous membranes, hypothermia, reduced blood pressure, a rapid but weak pulse, decreased or labored respiration
What are some treatments of shock? Provide heat support based on measurement of core body temp, provide supplemental O2, administer IV fluids, administer antibiotics
What are examples of nonsurgical emergencies? Illness, dystocia, injuries from fighting, trapped animals, wounds, fractures, flooded cages, poisoning, bloat
Define dystocia Difficult birth
What are some indications of dystocia? Fetus visible in birth canal, progressive nonproductive straining, excessive vocalization, licking of the vulva, extended time spans between each delivery
What are some possible fighting-related injuries? bites, lacerations, eye injuries, crush injuries, internal organ trauma, bone fractures, puncture wounds
What is the first course of action with a trapped animal? Release the animal
What is the course of action when a cage flood is found? Dry wet animals and place in clean dry cage with ample nesting material, check animals for signs of hypothermia, supply supplemental heat if necessary
What is bloat? An abnormal amount of air, food or liquid in the stomach, which can quickly lead to low blood pressure, shock, damage to internal organs and death
What are some clinical signs of bloat? A distended, tight abdomen, attempting to vomit, anxiety or restlessness, change in normal behavior
What is included in a disaster preparedness plan? Emergency exit routes, emergency contact names and phone numbers, emergency surplus of supplies such as food, water and bedding, plans for alternate shelter and transportation if is necessary to relocate animals
What pieces of equipment are essential in a facility and should have a backup power supply? the HVAC system, ventilated animal racks, automatic watering systems, aquatic systems, keyless entry systems, other important life-support systems
What should be included in a disaster plan? Provisions for animal care in the event of the failure of life support systems, severe absenteeism, or other situations that could compromise care
How is a disaster plan written? Should be a written SOP outlining staff responsibilities and should include measures to preserve animal wellbeing.
How often should a disaster plan be reviewed and updated? Annually
Created by: CarrieAngeles