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BMC - PHARMACOLOGY

QUIZES

QuestionAnswer
DRUGS THAT CAN BE OBTAINED ONLY THROUGH A VETERINARIAN OR VIA A PRESCRIPTION PRESCRIPTION DRUGS
DRUGS THTA CAN BE PURCHASED WITHOUT A PRESCRIPTION OVER-THE-COUNTER DRUGS
STUDY OF DRUG'S MECHANISM OF ACTION AND ITS BIOLOGICAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL EFFECTS PHARMACODYNAMICS
DRUGS USED IN A MANNER NOT SPECIFICALLY DESCRIBED ON FDA-APPROVED LABEL EXTRA-LABEL DRUGS
THE TREATMENT OF DISEASE WITH DRUGS PHARMACOTHERAPY
THE STUDY AND USE OF DRUGS IN ANIMAL HEALTHCARE VETERINARY PHARMACOLOGY
STUDY OF ABSORPTION, BLOOD LEVELS, DISTRIBUTION, METABOLISM AND EXCRETION OF DRUGS PHARMACOKINETICS
PERCENT OF DRUG ADMINISTERED THAT ENTERS THE SYSTEMIC CIRCULATION BIOAVAILABILITY
MOVEMENT OF DRUGS FROM THE SYSTEMIC CIRCULATION TO THE TISSUES DRUG DISTRIBUTION
THE AGENCY THAT OVERSEES THE DEVELOPMENT AND SALE OF PRESCRIPTION DRUGS IS THE ______________ FDA
___________ARE DRUGS THAT CAUSE AN ACTION AFTER BINDING TO A RECEPTOR, AND ___________ARE DRUGS THAT BLOCK AN ACTION AFTER BINDING TO A RECEPTOR AGONISTS, ANTAGONISTS
__________IS THE STRENGTH OF BINDING BETWEEN A DRUG AND ITS RECEPTOR AFFINITY
LIST THE FOUR STEPS OF PHARMACOKINETICS ABSORPTION, DISTRIBUTION, METABOLISM, EXCRETION
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS USED TO TREAT BLEEDING DISORDERS A. HEPARIN B. VITAMIN K C. EDTA D. SILVER NITRATE STICKS B. VITAMIN K
ERYTHROPOIETIN IS USED TO INCREASE RBC PRODUCTION
HEPARIN IS USED IN THE TREATMENT OF BLOOD CLOTS
WHICH CARDIOVASCULAR DRUG SHOULD BE MONITORED FOR TOXICITY LEVELS THROUGH BLOOD TESTING DIGOXIN
DIURETICS ARE USED IN THE TREATMENT OF HEART DISEASE
DILTIAZEM IS USED IN THE TREATMENT OF ARRYTHMIAS
WHAT HEART VALVE SEPERATES THE LEFT ATRIUM FROM THE LEFT VENTRICLE MITRAL
WHERE DO THE ELECTRICAL IMPULSES THAT STIMULATE NORMAL CONTRACTION OF THE HEART ORIGINATE THE SA NODE
WHAT ARE THE SAMLL VESSELS CALLED THAT ALLOW DIFFUSION OF OXYGEN AND NUTRIENTS INTO TISSUE CAPILLARIES
LIDOCANE CAN BE USED IN THE TREATMENT OF ARRYTHMIAS
ACE INHIBITOR ENALAPRIL
BETA ADRENERGIC BLOCKER PROPANOLOL
LOOP DIURETIC FUROSEMIDE
CALCIUM CHANNEL BLOCKER AMLODIPINE
ANTICOAGULANT HEPARIN
BLOOD FLOW THROUGHT THE HEART VENA CAVA; RIGHT ATRIUM; RIGHT VENTRICLE; LUNGS; LEFT ATRIUM; LEFT VENTRICLE; AORTA
DRUGS CONSIDERED DANGEROUS BECAUSE OF THEIR POTENTIAL FOR HUMSN ABUSE OR MISUSE CONTROLLED SUBSTANCE
DRUG DOSAGE OR DOSE THAT PRODUCES THE DESIRED EFFECT WITH MINIMAL OR NO SIGNS OF TOXICITY THERAEUTIC INDEX
BRAND NAME GIVEN TO A DRUG BY A SPECIFIC MANUFACTURER TRADE NAME
THE DATE BEFORE WHICH A DRUG MEETS ALL SPECIFICATIONS AND AFTER WHICH THE DRUG SHOULD NO LONGER BE USED EXPIRATION DATE
DESCRIBES THE SITUATINS IN WHICH A DRUG SHOULD NOT BE USED CONTRAINDICATIONS
AGENCY THAT OVERSEES AND ENFORCES REGULATIONS OF CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES DRUG ENFORCEMENT AGENCY
THE HIGHER THE SCHEDULE NUMBER (FOREXAMPLE, V VERSUS I) OF A CONTROLLED-SUBSTANCES DRUG THE LOWER THE RISK FOR HUMAN ABUSE POTENTIAL
WHICH THERAPEUTIC INDEX IS THE SAFEST OF THOSE LISTED BELOW 30
THE MARGIN OF SAFETY IS OFTEN REFERRED TO AS THE SAFTEY PARAMETER
A DRUG THAT HAS A MARGIN OF SAFTEY OF 75 IS SAFER THAN A DRUG WHOSE MARGIN OF SAFETY IS 5
WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE GENERIC NAME AND THE TRADE NAME OF A DRUG THE GENERIC NAME IS USUALLY A CHEMICAL NAME OR SHORT-HAND CHEMICAL NAME. THE TRADE NAME IS THE NAME GIVEN TO THE DRUG PRODUCT IN EACH SPECIFIC FORM BY THE PHARMACEUTICAL MANUFACTURER
POLYURIA URINATING MORE THAN NORMAL
DYSURIA HAVING DIFFICULTY URINATING (PAINFUL)
POLLAKIURIA FREQUENT URINATION
STRANGURIA STRAINING TO URINATE
HEMATURIA BLOODY URINE
NAME TWO THINGS THAT AFFECT GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE BLOOD VOLUME, BLOOD PRESSURE
DIURETICS INCREASE OR DECREASE THE VOLUME OF URINE EXCRETED BY THE KIDNEYS INCREASE
WATER FOLLOWS ________ SODIUM
WHICH ELECTROLYTE DO WE WORRY ABOUT LOSING TOO MUCH OF WHEN USING DIURETICS POTASSIUM
IDENTIFY WHETHER THE FOLLOWING FACTORS INCREASE OR DECREASE BLOOD PRESSURE 1. INCREASED BLOOD VOLUME 2. VASODILATION 3. INCREASED PERIPHERAL RESISTANCE 1. INCREASE 2. DECREASE 3. INCREASE
WHICH TWO TYPES OF COMMON UROLITHS CANNOT BE SEEN ON RADIOGRAPHS CYSTINE AND URATE
THE INTERNAL SPHINCTER OF THE BLADDER IS COMPOSED OF SKELETAL OR SMOOTH MUSCLE SMOOTH
WHICH NEUROTRANSMITTER IS USED TO MAKE MUSCLES CONTRACT ACETYLCHOLINE
NAME A REASON THAT NEUROMUSCULAR BLOCKERS ARE USED PARALYSIS
INFLAMMATION = REDNESS + PAIN + HEAT + _____________ SWELLING
ATIPAMEZOLE ALPHA-2 ANTAGONIST; ANTISEDAN; REVERSAL AGENT FOR ALPHA-2 AGONISTS
ATROPINE ANTICHOLINERGIC; PREANESTHETIC TO PREVENT BRADYCARDIA AND DECREASE SALIVATION, DILATE PUPILS AND CONTROL CILIARY SPASM
APOMORPHINE OPIOID; USED TO INDUCE EMESIS
BUPRENORPHINE OPIOID; BUPRENEX; SUBUTEX; ANALGESIA
BUTORPHANOL OPIOID; TORBUGESIC, TORBUTROL;
DEXMEDETOMIDINE ALPHA-2 AGONIST DEXDOMITOR, DOMITOR, SEDATION, ANAGESIA
DIAZEPAM BENZODIAZEPINE; VALIUM; ANTICONVULSANT, MUSCLE RELAXATION, ANTIANXIETY
DOXAPRAM RESPIRATORY STIMULANT; DOPRAM-V, RESPIRAM; INCREASED RESPIRATIONS AND CNS STIMULATION
EPINEPHRINE ADRENERGIC; ADENALIN; EMERGENCY CPR; ANAPHYLAXIS TREATMENT
FENTANYL OPIOID; DURAGESIC; ANALGESIA
GABAPENTIN GABA RECEPTO AGONIST; NEURONTIN; ANTICONVULSANT ADD-ON. CHRONIC PAIN ADD-ON
GLYCOPYRROLATE ANTICHOLINERGIC; ROBINUL-V; PREANESTHETIC TO PREVENT BRADYCARDIA
HYDROCODONE OPIOID; HYCODAN, TUSSIGON, ANTITUSSIVE
HYDROMORPHONE OPIOID; DILAUDID; ANALGESIA, PREANESTHETIC
ISOFLURANE HALOGENATED ETHER; ISOFLO, ISOSOL, FORANE; INHALANT ANESTHETIC
KETAMINE DISSOCIATIVE; KETASET; KETALAR; VETALAR; INJECTABLE ANESTHETIC