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BMC - PHARMACOLOGY

MID TERM

QuestionAnswer
FOR A VETERINARIAN TO PRESCRIBE A DRUG FOR A PATIENT, WHAT NEEDS TO BE IN PLACE A VERTERINARIAN-CLIENT-PATIENT RELATIONSHIP
DRUGS CONSIDERED DANGEROUS BECAUSE OF THEIR POTENTIAL FOR ABUSE OR MISUSE ARE CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES
INSULIN SYRINGES ARE MEASURED IN UNITS
THE NEUROTRANSMITTER USED BY THE SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM IS EPINEPHRINE
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING ARE USED AS INDUCTION AGENTS A. ANTICHOLINERGICS B. BRONCHODILATORS C. INJECTABLE ANESTHETICS D. BETA AGONISTS C. INJECTABLE ANESTHETICS
DRUGS THAT BIND TO A CELL RECEPTOR AND CAUSE AN ACTION ARE CALLED AGONISTS
HOW MANY STAGES ARE THERE IN VETERINARY DRUG DEVELOPMENT WITH THE FDA 4
EPILESPSY IS TREATED WITH WHICH CLASS OF DRUGS ANTICONVULSANTS
CATECHOLAMINES ARE USED TO TREAT HEART FAILURE
WHICH IS AN EXAMPLE OF A RECEPTOR THAT SYMPATHOMIMETICS WOULD ACT ON A. MUSCARINIC B. ALPHA C. NICOTINIC D. GABA B. ALPHA
DIURETICS ARE USED TO TREAT FLUID ACCUMULATIN FROM CONGESTIVE HEART FAILURE
PERSISTENTLY HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE IS KNOWN AS HYPERTENSION
THE USE OF VASODILATORS IN TREATING HEART DISEASE IS BELIEVED TO DECREASE AFTERLOAD
WHAT TYPE OF DRUGS REDUCES THE CONGESTION OF NASAL MEMBRANES BY REDUCING INFLAMMATION DECONGESTANTS
WHAT CATEGORY OF DRUGS HELPS STOP COUGHING ANTITUSSIVES
A 75 LBS DOG MUST BE DEWORMED. IF THE DAILY DOSE OF THE DEWORMER IS 1 TSP/25 LBS OF BODY WEIGHT FOR 3 DAYS, APPROXIMATELY HOW MUCH SHOULD BE GIVEN EACH DAY 1 TBS
THE CONCENTRATION OF FUROSEMIDE (LASIX) IS 5%. HOW MANY MILLIGRAMS ARE IN 0.5 ML 25 MG
WHAT IS AN EXAMPLE OF DRUG COMPOUNDING ADDING FLAVORING TO FORMULATED DRUGS
TRUE OR FALSE THE P-WAVE REPRESENTS ATRIAL DEPOLARIZATION FALSE
WHAT IS THE ORDER GIVEN OR WRITTEN TO A PHARMICIST BY A LICENSED VETERINARIAN TO PREPARE MEDICINE, TO AFFIX THE DIRECTIONS, AND TO SELL THE PREPARATION TO THE CLIENT PRESCRIPTION
THE USE OF DIURETICS IN TREATING HEART DISEASE IS BELIEVED TO DECREASE PRELOAD
THE LOWEST CONCENTRATION OF AN ANESTHETIC THAT PRODUCES NO RESPONSE TO PAINFUL STIMULI IN 50% OF PATIENTS IS MINIMUM ALVEOLAR CONCENTRATION
WHICH NEUROTRANSMITTER IS RELEASED AT THE POSTGANGLIONIC SYNAPSE OF PARASYMPATHETIC NERVES ACETYLCHOLINE
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING BELONGS TO THE CLASS OF BENZODIAZEPINES A. LORAZEPRAM B. PHENOBARBITAL C. POTASSIUM BROMIDE D. GABAPENTIN A. LORAZEPRAM
DRUGS THAT DECREASE IRRITABILITY AND EXCITEMENT IN ANIMALS AND ARE USED TO QUIET EXCITED ANIMALS ARE SEDATIVES
WHAT INHALANT ANESTHETIC HAS RAPID INDUCTION AND RECOVERY TIMES WITH FEWER SIDE EFFECTS SEVOFLURANE
ALPHA-2 AGONISTS DECREASE NOREPINEPHRINE PRODUCTION
AN EXAMPLE OF NEUROPATHIC PAIN IS PHANTOM PAIN FOLLOWING LIMB AMPUTATION, PAIN FROM CANCER CHEMOTHERAPY, AND PAIN FROM DIABETES MELLITUS
THE INSULIN MOST LIKELY TO ACHIEVE DIABETIC REMISSION IN CATS IS ULTRALONG-ACTING INSULIN
WHICH NEUROTRANSMITTER IS RELEASED AT THE PREGANGLIONIC SYNAPSE OF SYMPATHETIC NERVES ACETYLCHOLINE
WHICH OPIOID RECEPTOR IS LOCATED IN THE PAIN AREAS OF THE BRAIN AND SPINAL CORD Mu
ALL OF THE FOLLOWING ARE USED AS INDUCTION AGENTS, EXCEPT A. KETAMINE B. THIOPENTAL C. PROPOFOL D. BUTORPHANOL D. BUTORPHANOL
THE FORMULA USED TO DETERMINE THE THERAPEUTIC INDEX OF A DRUG IS LD50/ED50
THE PERCENT OF THE DRUG THAT ACTUALLY ENTERS THE SYSTEMIC CIRCULATION AND IS AVAILABLE FOR USE IS CALLED BIOAVAILABILITY
WHY DO SOME ANIMALS BECOME RESISTANT TO THEIR DOSE OF PHENOBARBITAL LIVER ENZYMES ARE INDUCED CAUSING THE ANIMAL TO DEVELOP TOLERANCE
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS NOT AN EXAMPLE OF PARENTAL ROUTES OF ADMINISTRATION A. INTRAMUSCULAR (IM) B. ORALLY (PO) C. SUBCUTANEOUS (SQ) D. EPIDURAL B. ORALLY (PO)
WHICH THERAPEUTIC INDEX IS THE SAFEST OF THOSE LISTED BELOW A. 10 B. 4 C. 50 D. 30 C. 50
WHICH OPIOID WILL LIKELY CAUSE A DOG TO VOMIT AFTER ADMINISTRATION MORPHINE
PERCORTEN-V OR DESOXYCORTICOSTERONE/DOCP IS USED TO TREAT ADDISONS
A PRESCRIPTION READS "3 TAB Q6H PO X 14D". THE TRANSLATION OF THESE INSTRUCTIONS IS THREE TABLESTS ARE TO BE TAKEN EVERY 6 HOURS BY MOUTH FOR TWO WEEKS
ACEPROMAZINE MUST BE USED WITH CAUTION OR NOT AT ALL IN STALLIONS
THE DEFINITION OF PHARMACOKINETICS IS HOW THE DRUG GETS IN, AND OUT OF THE BODY
FSH LEVELS DECREASING AND LH LEVELS INCREASING INDICATE WHICH PART OF THE ESTROUS CYCLE ESTRUS
WHAT DRUG IS MUCOLYTIC AND ALSO IS USED TO TREAT ACETAMINOPHEN TOXICITY ACETYLCYSTEINE
PAIN RECEPTORS ARE CALLED NOCICEPTORS
PUPPIES BORN VIA CESAREAN SECTION THAT ARE NOT BREATHING WELL MAY BENEFIT FROM ________ DROPS ADMINISTERED SUBLINGUALLY DOXAPRAM
THE AMOUNT OF DRUG PER ANIMAL SPECIES' BODY WEIGHT OR MEASURE IS DOSAGE
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING SEDATIVES PRODUCES ANALGESIA IN THE HORSE, BUT STILL ALLOWS THE HORSE TO REPOND TO STIMULI BY KICKING XYLAZINE
A DRUG THAT HAS A MARGIN OF SAFETY OF 75 IS SAFER THAN A DRUG WHOSE MARGIN OF SAFETLY IS 10
WHAT IS RELEASED IN PREGNANT ANIMALS AS PARTURITION APPROACHES ACTH
DRUG AFFINITY IS THE STRENGTH OF BINDING BETWEEN A DRUG AND ITS RECEPTOR
WHICH ESTRUS SYNCHRONIZATIOON DRUG, IF GIVEN TO A HERD OF CATTLE, WILL LYSE ANY CLs AND CAUSE THE CATTLE TO CYCLE ALL AT THE SAME TIME PROSTAGLANDINS
THE MOVEMENT OF MOLECULES FROM AN AREA OF HIGH CONCENTRATION TO AN AREA OF LOW CONCENTRATION IS KNOWN AS PASSIVE DIFFUSION
DECREASED COAT LUSTER, HAIR LOSS, DECREASED APPETITE, LISTLESSNESS, INTOLERANCE TO COLD, AND REPRODUCTIVE FAILURE ARE ALL SIGNS OF HYPOTHYROIDISM
WHICH GAS ANESTHESIA REQUIRES THE GREATEST DEGREE OF PATIENT MONITORING, BECAUSE ANESTHETIC DEPTH CHANGES OCCUR MOST RAPIDLY HALOTHANE
YOU ARE TRIMMING A DOGS TOENAILS AND HE JERKED, WHICH CAUSED YOU TO TRIM HIS NAIL SHORT. IT STARTS TO BLEED. WHAT MEDICINE WILL YOU REACH FOR FERROUS SULFATE POWDER
NOREPINEPHRINE, EPINEPHRINE, AND DOPAMINE ARE THE PRIMARY NEUROTRANSMITTERS FOR THE SYMATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM
THE FLUID ACCUMULATION THAT IS A CONSEQUENCE OF LEFT-SIDED HEART FAILURE IS CALLED PULMONARY EDEMA
DIURETICS ARE DRUGS THAT PULL FLUID FROM THE TISSUES AND EXCRETE IT THROUGH THE KIDNEYS IN THE URINE. AN EXAMPLE OF A DIURETIC IS HYDROCHLOROTHIAZIDE
LEVOTHYROXINE SODIUM IS USTHE ED TO TREAT HYPOTHYROIDISM
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS A PROSTANGLANDIN DRUG A. ALTRENOGEST B. PROGESTERONE C. DINOPROST TROMETHAMINE D. MELEGESTROL ACETATE C. DINOPROST TROMETHAMINE
THE ACTIVE INGREDIENT IN MOST EUTHANASIA SOLUTIONS IS PENTOBARBITAL
DILATIAZEM IS USED IN THE TREATMENT OF __________ ARRHYTHMIAS
WHICH INSULIN FORM IS USED INITALLY TO TREAT DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS AND TO STABALIZE GLUCOSE LESVELS IN NEWLY DIAGNOSED DIABETIC ANIMALS SHORT-ACTING
A COW IS ACCIDENTALLY DOSED WITH AN EQUINE DOSE OF XYLAZINE. WHAT DRUG SHOULD BE IMMEDIATELY ADMINISTERED YOHIMBINE
A NONSELECTIVE INJECTABLE ADRENERGETIC DRUG THAT IS USED IN EMERGENCY SITUATIONS FOR CARDIAC RESUSITATION IS EPINEPHRINE
ERYTHROPOIETIN IS USED TO INCREASE RBC PRODUCTION
YOU ARE OUT ON A FARM CALL DEALING WITH A COW DYSTOCIA. WHAT MAY THE DOCTOR GIVE TO STIMULATE MUSCLE CONTRACTION OF THE UTERUS TO HELP PREVENT UTERINE PROLAPSE OXYTOCIN
THE PATH THAT MOST REPRESENTS THE ROUTE BLOOD TAKES THROUGH THE HEART IS RIGHT ATRIUM-RIGHT VENTRICLE-LUNGS-LEFT ATRIUM-LEFT VENTRICLE
THE ANTERIOR (CRANIAL) PITUITARY GLAND REGULATE GROWTH OF THE THYROID, TESTES AND OVARIES
WHAT TYPES OF PREGANGLIONIC AND POSTGANGLIONIC FIBERS DOES THE SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM HAVE SHORT PREGANGLIONIC, LONG POSTGAGNLIONIC FIBERS
BLOOD PRESSURE IS DETERMINED BY HEART RATE, STROKE VOLUME AND PERIPHERAL RESISTANCE
ANTITUSSIVES SHOULD NOT BE USED WHEN A PATIENT HAS A PRODUCTIVE COUGH
OF THE FOLLOWING ANTITUSSIVES, WHICH ONE CAN IS NO CONTROLLED DEXTROMETHORPHAN
DIPHENHYDRAMINE HCl IS AN EXAMPLE OF ANTIHISTAMINE
A PRESENTS FOR HAVING HEAVES. WHAT DRUG COMBINATION WILL THE DOCTOR LIKELY PRESCRIBE BRONCHODILATORS AND GLUCOCORTICOIDS
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING CLASSES OF MEDICATIONS AFFECTS THE NERVOUS SYSTEM ANTICONVULSANTS, TRANQUILIZERS AND BARBITURATES
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING RECEPTORS IS NOT A PART FO THE SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM MUSCARINIC
A DRUG GIVEN BY WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING ROUTES REACHES ITS PEAK PLASMA CONCENTRATION THE FASTEST INTRAVENOUSLY
HOW LONG MUST RECORDS OF CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES BE KEPT ON RECORD AT A CLINIC 2 YEARS
THE TERM USED TO DESCRIBE THE CAPACITY TO CAUSE BIRTH DEFECTS IS TERATOGENICITY
THE TERM USED TO DESCRIBE THE TENDENCY OF A DRUG TO CAUSE CANCER IS CARCINOGENICITY
A DRUG THAT HAS EXTREME POTENTIAL FOR ABUSE AND HAS NO APPROVED MEDICINAL USES IN THE US IS CATEGORIZED AS C-1
WHICH ANESTHETIC IS A WHITE EMULSION, THE EFFECTS OF WHICH LAST 2-5 MINUTES WHEN GIVEN SLOWLY IV PROPOFUL
THE AGENCY THAT OVERSEES THE DEVELOPMENT AND SALE OF DRUGS IS FDA
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS NOT A STEP IN THE PROCESS OF PHARMACOKINETICS DILUTION
THE NAME OF THE VALVE THAT SEPERATES THE RIGHT ATRIUM FROM THE RIGHT VENTRICLE IS TRICUSPID
WHAT IS THE ONLY TYPE OF INSULIN THAT CAN BE GIVEN IV SHORT-ACTING (REGULAR)
WHICH TREATMENT IS THE GOLD STANDARD OF HYPERTHYROID TREATMENT 1-131- RADIOACTIVE IODINE
STIMULATION OF THE SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM WOULD CAUSE ALL THE FOLLOWING REACTIONS, EXCEPT INCREASED BLOOD FLOW TO GI TRACT
LOOP DIURETIC OFTEN USED TO TREAT CONGESTIVE HEART FAILURE IN CATS AND DOGS. MOST COMMON DIURETIC USED IN VETERINARY MEDICINE. USED IN EMERGENCY AND MAINTENANCE THERAPY OF CHF FUROSEMIDE
BRONCHODILATOR FREQUENTLY USED TO TREAT CATS SUFFERING FROM ASTHMA. OFTEN USED AS A NEBULIZATION OR AS A METERED DOSE INHALER ALBUTEROL
HYPOTENSION DECREASED BLOOD PRESSURE