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vn terminology

QuestionAnswer
Dorsal Nearer the back of the animal
Ventral Nearer the belly of the animal
Cranial (or anterior) Nearer to the skull
caudal ( or posterior) near the tail
proximal closer to the body (only used for structures or limbs)
distal further from the boy (only used for structures and limbs)
medial near the middle
lateral further from the midline
Ipsilateral on the same side
Contralateral on the opposite side
Rostral towards the muzzle
Palmar The "walking" surface of the front paw
Plantar The "walking" surface of the hind paw
Superficial Near the outside of the animal
Deep Near the centre of the animal
median/ mid-sagittal plane a line which divides the body into left and right halves
sagittal/paramedian plane any line parallel to the median plane
dorsal plane parallel to the back of the animal
traverse plane perpendicular to the long axis of the animal
Polydipsia drinking more water
Polyuria peeing more
Dyschezia pain on passing faeces
Coprophagia eating faeces
Bradycardia slow heart rate
Apnia not breathing
Epistaxis nose bleed
disease that attacks heart muscles Myocarditis
heart and blood vessels Cardiovascular
abnormal air/ gas in the pleural space (cavity) Pneumothorax
inflammation of the kidneys Nephritis
the surgical removal of part of the intestine Enterectomy
deises of the stomach Gastropathy
7bladder stone disorder Cystolithiasis
pus in the uterus pyometra
painful or difficult urination dysuria
inflammation of the bone or bone marrow osteomyelitis
period before birth antenatal
joint inflamation arthritis
inflammation of the joint of the backbone spondylitis
inflammation of the membranes of the brain and the adjonining cerebral tissue Meningoencephalitis
growth of a tumour of the nervous tissue neuroma
inflammation of the eye conjunctivitis
involuntary tight closure of the eyelids Blepharospasm
inflammation of the ears Otitis
inflammation of the gums Gingivitis
abnormal rapid breathing tachypnoea
shortness of breath when lying on side tepopnea
excessive inward curvature of the spine Lordosis
the eating or chewing of bones by herbivorous animals (as cattle) craving phosphorus Osteophagia
an uncommon medical condition where the fore skin becomes trapped behind the gland penis Paraphymosis
is shortness of breath which occurs when lying flat Orthopnoea
a condition characterized by or resulting from inflammation and infection of the umbilical vein. Omphalo-phlebitis
travous appitie Pica
is normal, good, unlabored ventilation, sometimes known as quiet breathing or resting respiratory rate. In eupnea, expiration employs only the elastic recoil of the lungs. Eupnoea
for inflammation of the umbilical cord stump in the neonatal newborn period, most commonly attributed to a bacterial infection. Typically immediately after an infant is born, the umbilical cord is cut with a small remnant (often referred to as the stump) Omphalitis
BENDING THE LIMB BY DECREASING THE ANGLE OF THE JOINT flexion
STRAIGHTENING THE LIMB BY INCREASING THE ANGLE OF THE JOINT extension
MOVING THE LIMB DISTAL TO THE JOINT TOWARDS THE MID-LINE/BODY adduction
MOVING THE LIMB DISTAL TO THE JOINT AWAY FROM THE MID-LINE/BODY   abduction
FLAT SURFACES MOVING OVER EACH OTHER (E.G. THE CARPUS) gliding
MOVEMENT SHOWN BY A PIVOT JOINT rotation
MOVING ONE END OF A BONE IN A CIRCULAR MOTION   CIRCUMDUCTION
LENGTHENING THE LIMB BY MOVING THE DISTAL LIMB AWAY FROM THE BODY   PROTRACTION
SHORTENING THE LIMB BY MOVING THE DISTAL LIMB TOWARDS THE BODY RETRACTION
TURNING THE LOWER SURFACE OF THE PAW DOWNWARDS SUPINATION
turning the surface f the paw upwards PRONATION
CARDIA heart
angio vessel
vascul blood vessel
ven vein
phleb vein
haem blood
pneumo lung
pnoea breathing
thorac chest
rhin nose
laryng larynx
trache trachea
bronch bronchi
OESOPHAG oesophagus
gastr stomach
enter intestine
hepat liver
pancrea pancreas
lapar flank
periton PERITONEUM ( Wrapped around)
nephr kidney
ur urine
ureter ureter
cyst bladder
TESTICUL TESTIS (Plural testes) 
PROSTAT prostate gland
ovar ovary
ovum egg
oo egg
hyster uterus
metr uterus
OESTRUS FEMALE SEXUAL IMPULSE
VAGINA SHEATH
MAMMA MILK GLAND
MASTOS BREAST
NATAL BIRTH
OSTE bone
myel marrow
chondr cartilage
spondyl vertebra
arthr joint
nuer nerve
cephal head
encephal brain
mening membrane
plegia paralysis
OPTHALM eye
OCUL eye
BLEPHAR eyelid
CONJUNCTIV CONJUNCTIVA
GLOSS tongue
GINGIV gum
derm skin
kerat horn
seb sebum
Endo inner/ within
peri near,sound/ belong to
-graph instrument that records
-logy study of
electro having electricity
-al beloning to
-plasty reconstructive surgery
-rrhage excessive flow
tachy fast
brady slow
-cyte cell
-logist one who studies
-lith stone, calculus
pheumo presence of air or gas
-ian relating to
Oestrus Stage of oestrus cycle when female is receptive to male
poly many
mono one,single
pro before
per through
ante before
para Adjacent to
-osis denoting a condition
brachy short
Dolicho long
Mesati middle
Plegia Root word for paralysis
tetra four
hemi half
-icle diminutive, very small
-motor movement
-spasm Involuntary movement
-otomy Surgical incision into
-ostomy Surgical creation of opening into part of the body
Tachycardia fast heart rate
Nephritis inflammation of the kidneys
pyometra pus in the uterus
colitis inflammation of the colon
Bronchitis inflammation of the bronchi
Dyspnoea difficulty breathing
Cardiology study of the heart
Created by: weekiel02
 

 



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