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NASM Chapter 5

NASM CPT4 - Chapter 5

Give an example of an IPSALATERAL body part or location The right hand is ipsalateral to the right foot
Give an example of a CONTRALATERAL body part or location The right hand is contralateral to the left foot
The ears are on which side of the body or head? Lateral
What's the name of the inner thigh muscles? Adductors
The hamstrings are located on the ___________ aspect of the thigh Posterior
The femur is superior to what? Tibia
When referencing anatomic location on the body, what does superior mean? A location above a given reference point
When referring to muscle action ISO means what? Constant, same or equal
What does the term distal mean? A location farthest from the center of the body or point of reference. The ankle is more distal to the hip than the knee.
What does proximal mean? A location nearest to the center of the body or point of reference. The knee is more proximal to the hip than the knee.
What does the term inferior mean, regarding anatomic location? A location below a given reference point. The calcuesal bone (heel bone) is inferior to the patella (knee).
The ankle is more ____________ to the hip than the knee. distal
What is the anatomical reference poistion of the low back to the tailbone? Superior
What is another name for the breast bone? Sternum
What is another name for the sacrum? Tailbone
What is another term for the lumbar spine? Low back
Is the femur inferior or superior to the tibia? Superior
Is the soleus inferior to superior to the patella? Inferior
What are examples of movements in the transverse plane? Cable trunk rotations Dumbbell chest fly Spinal rotation Turning step ups Medicine ball rotations
Define transverse plane of motion Bisects the body between upper and lower body
Side lateral raises occur primarily in what plane of motion? Frontal plane
What is abduction? Movement away from the midline of the body
What is adduction? Movement towards the midline of the body
What are examples of movements in the sagital plane? Bicep curls Jumping Walking Forward lunges Seated row Calf raises
What are examples of hip flexions? Bring knee toward abdomen (femoral on pelvic) Toe touches Bending at the trunk (pelvic on femoral)
What is hyperflexion? An extension of a joint beyone the normal limit or range of motion
Flexion is a ___________ movement. Extension is a __________ movement. Bending Stretching
What does the term joint motion mean? Movement in a plane that occurs about an axis than runs perpendicular to the plane. Planes are positioned through the body at right angles
Barbell squats occur in which plane of motion? Saggital
What are the calf muscles that accelerate plantarflexion concentrically? Soleus Gastrocnemius Posterior Tibialis Peroneus Longus
What muscle groups concentrically accelerate knee flexion, hip extension and tibial rotation? Hamstrings
What muscles make up the hamstrings? Biceps femoris (long and short) Semimembraneus Semitendious
Calf raises are good for which muscle? Soleus
What is the primary function of the anterior tibialis? Concentrically accelerate dorsiflexion and inversion of the foot
Created by: txdc48