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LAB 1

QuestionAnswer
WHAT DOES OSHA STAND FOR? Occupational Safety and Health Administration
WHAT DOES MSDS STAND FOR? Material Safety and Data Sheet
WHAT DOES PPE STAND FOR? Personal Protective Equipment
WHAT IS THE NUMBER ONE RULE OF RADIOLOGY? No part of your person should ever be in the primary beam
SHOULD CHEMICALS EVER BE KEPT ABOVE EYE LEVEL? NO
WHAT SHOULD YOU ALWAYS CHECK YOUR ANESTHESIA MACHINE FOR? Leaks
WHAT ARE SECONDARY LABELS? Used to identify what is in the container when it has been removed from the primary (original) container
WHAT ARE 4 REQUIREMENTS THAT MUST BE IN A VETERINARY LABORATORY IN ORDER FOR IT TO BE CONSIDERED A WORKABLE SPACE? Sink, electric supply, microscope, supplies, refrigerator, incubator, internet access
WHAT ARE THE TWO COMPONETS AFTER CENTERFUGATION? Supernatant (liquid) Sediment (solid)
DURING WHAT DIAGNOSTIC PROCEDURE DO WE USE A REFRACTOMETER? Specific gravity or total protein
WHAT TEMPERATURE SHOULD INCUBATORS BE KEPT AT? 37 degrees Celsius
WHAT IS THE REASON THAT YOU SHOULD NOT TRY TO PUT OUT A FIRE? If it is too large, is on the building, will block your escape, the roof could fall, etc
WHAT ARE THE 4 STEPS AND THE WORD THAT YOU NEED TO REMEMBER WHEN PUTTING OUT A FIRE WITH AN EXTINGUISHER? PASS P- pull A- aim S- squeeze S- sweep
WHAT TWO ITEMS ARE USED TO CLEAN THE MICROSCOPE? 1) Alcohol 2) Kim wipe or lens paper
WHAT IS ANOTHER NAME FOR A RED BLOOD CELL? erythrocyte
WHAT IS ANOTHER NAME FOR A WHITE BLOOD CELL? leukocyte
WHAT IS ANOTHER NAME FOR A PLATELET? thrombocyte
WHAT ANTICOAGULANT IS IN A PURPLE TOP TUBE? EDTA
WHAT ANTICOAGULANT IS IN A GREEN TOP TUBE? Heparin
WHAT IS THE BEST PLACE TO DRAW BLOOD FROM AND WHY? Jugular largest vessel
WHEN MAKING A BLOOD SMEAR, WHAT TYPE OF BLOOD COLLECTION TUBE MUST THE BLOOD COME FROM AND WHY IS IT BEST TO USE THIS TYPE OF BLOOD? Purple top or EDTA tube, does not change the cell morphology
WHAT DOES CBC STAND FOR COMPLETE BLOOD COUNT
WHAT DOES PCV STAND FOR PACKED CELL VOLUME
WHAT UNIT DO WE USE TO EXPRESS PCV % PERCENTAGE (OF RBCs)
WHAT IS THE NAME OF THE LAYER OF THE MICROHEMATOCRIT TUBE THAT INCLUDES THE WBCs AND PLATLETS BUFFY COAT
WHAT IS THE TOOL CALLED THAT WE USE TO MEASURE TP REFRACTOMETER
WHAT DOES TP STAND FOR TOTAL PROTEIN
IF WE SPIN DOWN A GREEN TOP TUBE, WHAT IS THE LIQUID PORTION ON TOP CALLED PLASMA
IF WE SPIN DOWN A RED TOP TUBE, WHAT IS THE LIQUID PORTION LEFT ON TOP CALLED SERUM
WHEN ADJUSTING FOCUS ON AN OBJECT VIEWED WITH THE 40X OBJECTIVE, WHAT KNOB SHOULD BE USED? FINE/MICRO ADJUSTMENT KNOB FOCUS KNOB
WHEN READING A SMEAR WHAT POWER SHOULD YOU BEGIN ON THE LOWEST POSSIBLE POWER
WHEN RUNNING A SNAP TEST, HOW MANY DROPS OF BLOOD AND HOW MANY OF CONJUGATE ARE USED Blood - 3(red) Conjugate -4(blue)
WHAT WHITE BLOOD CELLS IS ONLY SEEN IN AN UNHEALTHY ANIMAL Band neutrophil
LIST THE TWO AGRANULAR WHITE BLOOD CELLS LYMPHOCYTE; MONOCYTE
LIST THE THREE GRANULAR WHITE BLOOD CELLS NEUTROPHIL; EOSINOPHIL; BASOPHIL
WHEN SHOULD A RETICULOCYTE COUNT BE PERFORMED AND WHAT TYPE OF STAIN IS NECESSARY When anemia is present to look for immature RBCs New Methylene blue stain (supravital stain)
HOW SHOULD AN AREA BE PREPARED BEOFRE A BONE MARROW SAMPLE IS OBTAINED Aseptic/surgical prep
NAME ONE MORPHOLOGIC ABNORMALITY IN RBCs AND GIVE A REASON WHY IT MAY OCCUR Rouleaux - refrigerated too long
NAME ONE MORPHOLOGIC ABNORMALITY OF WBCs AND GIVE ONE REASON WHY IT MIGHT OCCUR Pressing to hard to make a blood smear
WHAT ARE THREE MOST COMMON CANINE WHITE BLOOD CELLS IN ORDER NEUTROPHILS LYMPHOCYTES MONOCYTES
WHAT IS THE TERM FOR NEOPLASIA OF THE BLOOD MARROW AND BLOOD LEUKEMIA
________________ RED BLOOD CELLS ARE ASSOCIATED WITH REGENERATIVE ANEMIA AND _________________RED BLOOD CELLS ARE ASSOCIATED WITH IRON DEFIENCY MACROCYTIC; MICROCYTIC
NAME TWO CAUSES OF ANEMIA HEMORRHAGE AND IRON DEFIENCY
WHAT TERM DESCRIBES A DECREASE OR ABSENCE OF BLOOD CELLS APLASTIC
INCREASE OF MACROPHAGES AND NEUTROPHILS IN BONE MARROW CHRONIC PYOGRANULOMATOUS INFLAMMATION
INCREASE OF MACROPHAGES IN BONE MARROW CHRONIC GRANULOMATOUS INFLAMMATION
INCREASE IN FIBRIN IN BONE MARROW FIBRINOUS
INCREASE OF PLASMA CELLS, MATURE LYMPHOCYTES, AND MAST CELLS IN BONE MARROW CHRONIC INFLAMMATION
SAMPLES FROM A SOLID MASS CAN BE COLLECTED IN WHAT 3 WAYS SWAB; SCRAPE; IMPRINT TECHNIQUE
FINE NEEDLE BIOPSY CAN COLLECT WHAT BOTH SOLID AND FLUID SAMPLES
WHAT IS IT CALLED WHEN YOU COLLECT FLUID FROM BODY CAVITIES CENTESIS
WHY DO WE GENTLY ROLL SWAB SAMPLES AND NOT RUB THEM ON THE SLIDES CELL DAMAGE CAN OCCUR
HOW MANY SLIDES SHOULD BE PREPARED FOR TZANCH 6 SLIDES
WHERE ARE SAMPLES COLLECTED FROM FOR A FN BIOPSY PERITONEAL; THORACIC; JOINTS
NAME 3 TECHNIQUES FOR OBTAINING CYTOLOGY SAMPLES FROM SOLID MASSES SWAB; SCRAPE; IMPRINT; FINE NEEDLE ASPIRATE
GIVE A SHORT DEFINITION OF THORACOCENTESIS REMOVAL OF FLUID FROM THE CHEST CAVITY WITH A NEEDLE
GIVE A SHORT DEFINTION OF CYSTOCENTESIS REMOVAL OF FLUID FROM THE BLADDER WITH A NEEDLE
GIVE A SHORT DEFINITION OF ARTHROCENTESIS REMOVAL OF FLUID FROM THE JOINTS WITH A NEEDLE
NAME 2 BIOPSY TECHNIQUES FINE NEEDLE BIOPSY; PUNCH BIOPSY; WEDGE BIOPSY; ENDOSCOPE-GUIDED BIOPSY; EXCISIONAL BIOPSY; INCISIONAL BIOPSY
PERCUTANEOUS AND OROTRACHEAL ARE TWO TECHNIQUES FOR WHAT PROCEDURE TRANSTRACHEAL / BRONCHIAL WASH
PERCUTANEOUS AND OROTRACHEAL: WHICH OF THESE TWO TECHNIQUES REQUIRE THE PATIENT TO BE ANESTHETIZED OROTRACHEAL
NAME ONE FACTOR THAT MAY INFLUENCE THE COLOR AND TURBIDITY OF A FLUID SAMPLE INFLAMMATION; BLOOD CONTAMINATION; PROTEIN CONTENT
CONCENTRATION TECHNIQUES MAY BE NEEDED FOR ____________CELLULARITY SAMPLES LOW
NAME TWO CRITERIA OF MALIGNANCY ANISOKARYOSIS; PLEOMORPHISM; INCREASED MIOTIC ACTIVITY; COARSE CHROMATIN PATTERN; NULEAR MOLDING; MULTINUCLEATION
THE PRIMARY PURPOSE OF CYTOLOGIC EVALUATION IS TO DIFFERENTIATE BETWEEN ____________________AND _________________ INFLAMMATION NEOPLASIA OR CANCER
PERITONEAL FLUID COMES FROM THE ____________CAVITY ABDOMINAL
PLEURAL FLUID COMES FROM THE _________________CAVITY THORACIC
IF YOU ARE COLLECTING A SAMPLE OF PLEURAL OR PERITONEAL FLUID, IN WHAT 2 TUBE TYPES SHOULD YOU MAKE SURE TO PLACE YOUR SAMPLE PURPLE / EDTA; RED / PLAIN
NAME 2 COMMON ABNORMAL FINDINGS IN AN EAR CYTOLOGY BACTERIA YEAST
NAME 2 CHARACTERISITICS THAT YOU SHOULD NOTE WHEN PERFORMING A SEMEN EVALUATION VOLUME; GROSS APPEARANCE; MICROSCOPIC APPEARANCE; WAVE MOTION; MICROSCOPIC MOTILITY; SPERMATOZOA CONCENTRATION; RATIO OF DEAD/ALIVE SPERMATOZOA; PRESENCE OF FOREIGN CELLS OR MATERIAL
WHAT IS THE PREDOMINANT CELL TYPE IN A NORMAL LYMPH NODE ASPIRATE SMALL, MATURE, LYMPHOCYTE
WHAT IS THE BEST TIME OF DAY TO COLLECT A URINE SAMPLE FIRST THING IN THE MORNING OR AFTER SEVERAL HOURS WITHOUT WATER
IF A SUBSTANCE'S CONCENTRATION IN THE URINE EXCEEDS THE LIMIT THAT THE KIDNESY CAN RESORB, WE SAY THAT IT HAS SURPASSED ITS________________________ RENAL THRESHOLD
WHAT IS THE FUNCTIONAL UNIT OF THE KIDNEY NEPHRON
NAME THE 4 PARTS OF THE URINARY SYSTEM IN ORDER KIDNEYS URETERS BLADDER URETHRA
ABOVE WHAT LEVEL (CELLS/MILLILITER) IS MILK CLASSIFIED FROM A COW WITH MASTITIS 500,000 CELLS/mL
NAME ONE CAUSE OF A TRANSUDATE CONGESTIVE HEART FAILURE
NAME TWO CYTOLOGIC SMEAR TECHNIQUES IMPRESSION SMEAR; COMPRESSION SMEAR; MODIFIED COMPRESSION SMEAR; LINE SMEAR; STARFISH SMEAR; WEDGE SMEAR
ANESTRUS: NO VULVAR SWELLING
PROESTRUS SWOLLEN VULVA WITH REDDISH DISCHARGE
ESTRUS: SWOLLEN VULVA WITH PINKISH TO STRAW COLORED DISCHARGE
METESTRUS: DECREASED VULVAR SWELLING AND DISCHARGE
WHAT ARE THREE TYPES OF PIPETTES GRADUATED; TD-TO DELIVER; TC-TO CONTAIN
WHAT IS A MECHANICAL STAGE HOLDS SLIDES ON MICROSCOPE
COARSE AND FINE FOCUS KNOBS DO WHAT FOCUS THE SLIDE
TOTAL MAGNIFICATON ON THE MICROSCOPE IS CALCULATED BY: X10 (OCULAR LENS) X X40 (OBJECTIVE LENS) = X400 TOTAL MAGNIFICATION
WHAT DOES EPO DO TELLS THE BODY TO MAKE RED BLOOD CELLS
WHAT IS HEMATOPOIESIS PRODUCTION OF BLOOD CELLS AND PLATELETS
NAME TWO AGRANULOCYTES LYMPHOCYTES MONOCYTES
WHAT ARE AGRANULOCYTES WHITE BLOOD CELLS, NO GRANULUES PRESENT
WHAT ARE GRANULOCYTES WHITE BLOOD CELLS, GRANULES PRESENT
NAME THREE GRANULOCYTES NEUTROPHIL; EOSINOPHILS; BASOPHILS
WHAT IS ERYTHROPOESIS PRODUCTION OF ERYTHROCYTES
WHAT IS LEUKOPOIESIS PRODUCTION OF LEUKOCYTES
WHAT DOES -PENIA MEAN DECREASED NUMBER OF CELLS
WHAT IS NEUTOPENIA DECRESED NEUTROPHILS
WHAT DOES -PHILIA MEAN INCREASED NUMBER OF CELLS
WHAT DOES LEFT-SHIFT MEAN INCREASED NUMBER OF NEUTROPHILS
ICTERIC MEANS YELLOW
LIPEMIC MEANS CLOUDY
IF A PCV IS BELOW NORMAL, WHAT DOES IT MEAN ANEMIA
IF A PCV IS ABOVE NORMAL, WHAT DOES IT MEAN POLYCYTHEMIA DEHYDRATION
WHAT DOES HYPERCELLULAR MEAN INCREASED : IN CELLS
WHAT IS HYPOCELLULAR DECREASED: IN CELLS
WHAT IS CHRONIC PYOGRANULOMATOUS INCREASE IN MACROPHAGES AND NEUTROPHILS
WHAT IS CHRONIC GRANULOMATOUS INCREASE IN MACROPHAGES
MACROCYTIC REGENERATIVE ANEMIA
MICROCYTIC IRON DEFICIENCY
HYPOCHROMIC LOW HGB
NORMOCHROMIC NORMAL HGB
ALL SPECIES EXCEPT ________CAN REGENERATE RBCs VIA BONE MARROW HORSES
NORMOCYTIC SIZE
NORMOCHROMIC COLOR
WHAT IS COAGULOPATHY BLOOD NOT CLOTTING
WHAT IS THE AREA WHERE BLOOD, LYMPH VESSELS, NERVES, AND THE URETER ENTER AND LEAVE THE KIDNEYS HILUS
THE VOLUME OF URINE PRODUCED IS CONTROLLED BY WHAT TWO HORMONES ANTIDURETIC HORMONE ALDOSTERONE
WHAT IS OLIGURIA DECREASED URINE PRODUCTION
WHAT IS POLYURIA INCREASED URINE PRODUCTION
WHAT IS ANURIA NO URINE PRODUCTION
WHAT ARE THE PARTS OF A NEPHRON RENAL CORPUSCLE; PROXIMAL TUBULE; LOOP OF HENLE; DISTAL TUBULE; COLLECTING TUBULE
GREEN TOP TUBE: HEPARIN; PLASMA
PURPLE TOP TUBE EDTA USE FOR BLOOD SMEAR BECAUSE IT DOESNT CHANGE THE MORPHOLOGY
RED TOP TUBE NOTHING IN IT SERUM
TIGGER TOP TUBE CLOTTING GEL SERUM
WHAT DOES IT USUALLY MEAN IF THE ODOR OF URINE IS FISHY INFECTION
WHAT DOES IT USUALLY MEAN IF THE ODOR OF URINE IS FRUITY DIABETES
WHAT DOES POIKILOCYTOSIS MEAN VARIATION IN SHAPE OF CELLS
WHAT DOES ANISOCYTOSIS MEAN VARIATION IN SIZE OF CELL
WHAT IS POLYDIPSIA INCREASED WATER INTAKE
WHAT IS THE SPECIFIC GRAVITY RANGE FOR URINE IN DOGS 1.001-1.060
WHAT IS THE AVERAGE SPECIFIC GRAVITY FOR DOGS 1.025
WHAT IS THE SPECIFIC GRAVITY RANGE FOR URINE IN CATS 1.001-1.080
WHAT IS THE AVERAGE SPECIFIC GRAVITY FOR CATS 1.030
pH ABOVE 7.0 ALKALINE
pH BELOW 7.0 ACIDIC
WHAT IS GLUCOSURIA PRESENCE OF GLUCOSE
WHAT IS GLYCOSURIA PRESENCE OF GLUCOSE
WHAT IS KETONURIA PRESENCE OF KETONES
NAME 4 NORMAL CONSTITUENTS OF URINE SEDIMENT FEW CASTS; CRYSTALS; EPITHELIAL CELLS; RBCs; WBCs; MUCUS THREADS; SPERM; FAT DROPLETS
NAME CONSTITUENTS OF ABNORMAL URINE SEDIMENT MORE THAN A FEW RBCs AND WBCs; HYPERPLASTIC OR NEOPLASTIC EPITHELIAL CELLS; CASTS; CRYSTALS; PARASITE OVA; BACTERIA; YEAST
WHAT ARE THREE TYPES OF EPITHELIAL CELLS SQUAMOUS; TRANSITIONAL; RENAL
SQUAMOUS CELL APPEARANCE FLAT THIN STRAIGHT EDGES DISTINCT CORNERS
TRANSITIONAL CELL APPEARANCE ROUND OCCASIONALLY PEAR SHAPED SMALL
RENAL CELL APPEARANCE SMALLEST CELL GENERALLY ROUND
NAME EXAMPLES OF CASTS HYALINE GRANULAR CASTS EPITHELIAL CASTS LEUKOCYTE CASTS ERYTHROCYTE CASTS WAXY CASTS FATTY CASTS
WHAT IS CRYSTALLURIA PRESENCE OF CRYSTALS
WHEN LABELING A SAMPLE, WHAT INFO IS PRESENT DATE AND TIME OF COLLECTION OWNERS NAME PATIENTS NAME CLINIC IDENTIFICATION NUMBER
MICROBIOLOGICAL TEST MAY BE PERFORMED ON WHAT KIND OF URINE SAMPLE CYSTOCENTESIS SAMPLES
URINE SAMPLES SHOULD BE AT LEAST _______CC, AND PREFERABLY _____CC 1 12
HOW LONG IS A URINE SAMPLE GOOD FOR WHEN REFRIDGERATED 24 HOURS
NORMAL URINE COLOR SHOULD BE YELLOW, DUE TO UROCHROME
ABNORMAL URINE ODORS INCLUDE WHAT SWEET AMMONIA PUTRID FOUL SMELLING
NORMAL URINE TRANSPARENCY SHOULD BE CLEAR
ABNORMAL URINE TRANSPARENCY APPEARS HAZINESS TO CLOUDINESS
WHAT IS ANTIDIURETIC AGENT OR DRUG WHEN ADMINISTERED CONTROLS BODY WATER BALANCE BY REDUCING URINATION
WHAT IS ALDOSTERONE A CORTICOSTEROID HORMONE STIMULATES ABSORPTION OF SODIUM BY THE KIDNEYS, REGULATES WATER AND SALT
HOW MANY SLIDES SHOULD YOU PREPARE FOR TZANCH 6 SLIDES
THE CORRECT MEDICAL TERM FOR A URINARY STONE IS UROLITH
URINE SPECIFIC GRAVITY READINGS INDICATE DISSOLVED SOLIDS
THE ABILITY TO OBTAIN THE SAME RESULTS, TIME AFTER TIME, ON THE SAME SAMPLE IS PRECISION
WHAT ARE 3 TESTS USED TO TEST LIVER FUNCTION CHOLESTREROL; BILE ACIDS; BILLIRUBIN
WHAT IS POLLAKIURIA FREQUENT URINATION
NAME 3 OF 4 POSSIBLE METHODS FOR COLLECTING URINE FREE CATCH; EXPRESSION; CATHETERIZATION; CYSTOCENTESIS
WHAT IS THE EASIEST METHOD TO OBTAIN URINE FREE CATCH
WHAT IS THE BEST METHOD TO COLLECT URINE FOR MICROBIOLOGY (CULTURE AND SENSITIVITY) CYSTOCENTESIS
WHAT ARE THE 4 COMPONETS OF COMPLETE URINALYSIS SPECIFIC GRAVITY-REFRACTOMETER; GROSS EXAM - CLARITY, COLOR, ODOR; CHEMISTRY -REAGENT STRIP; MICROSCOPIC EXAM OF SEDIMENT
NAME 2 REASONS THAT URINE CAN APPEAR RED OR BROWNISH RED BLOOD CELLS-HEMATURIA HEMOGLOBIN-HEMOGLOBINURIA MYOGLOBIN-MYOGLOBINURIA
IN URINE HAS A FRUITY ODOR, IT CAN IDICATE THE PRESENCE OF WHAT KETONES
NAME 4 THINGS THAT ARE MEASURED ON A URINE CHEMISTRY(REAGENT STRIP) PH BILIRUBIN PROTEIN BLOOD WBC UROBILINOGEN GLUCOSE KETONES
WHAT TYPE OF TOXICITY IS ASSOCIATED WITH CALCIUM OXALATE MONOHYDRATE CRYSTALS ETHYLENE GLYCOL- ANTIFREEZE
WHAT ARE THE TWO MOST COMMON CRYSTALS SEEN IN URINE AND DESCRIBE THEIR SHAPE STRUVITE- COFFIN LIDS-EIGHT SIDED CALCIUM OXALATE DIHYDRATE- ENVELOPE OR SEEN WITH AN X
CALCIUM CARBONATE CRYSTALS ARE CONSIDERED NORMAL IN WHAT SPECIES HORSES RABBITS
WHAT BREED OF DOG COMMNLY GETS URATE CRYSTALS AND/OR UROLITHS DALMATIONS
NAME TWO POSSILBE CAUSES FOR HEMOLYSIS DURING SAMPLE COLLECTION/HANDLING USING A MOIST SYRINGE SHAKING THE VIAL INSTEAD OF ROCKING FORCING THE BLOOD THROUGH THE NEEDLE WHEN TRANSFERRING FREEZING EXCESS ALCOHOL ON THE SKIN
WHAT TWO COMPONETS MAKE UP THE TOTAL PROTEIN ALBUMIN GLOBULIN
NAME ONE VALUE THAT DECREASES WITH DAMAGE TO THE LIVE/DEATH OF HEPATOCYTES ALT; AST; SDH; GLDH
NAME TWO TESTS THAT INDICATE HOW WELL THE LIVER IS FUNCTIONING BILIRUBIN; BILE ACIDS; CHOLESTEROL
WHAT IS BUN (WHAT DOES IT STAND FOR) BLOOD UREA NITROGEN
WHAT VALUE IS THE BEST INDICATOR OF RENAL DISEASE PROGRESSION OVER TIME CREATININE
THE FLUID PORTION OF THE BLOOD THAT CONTAINS FIBRINOGEN IS: PLASMA
SERUM THAT APPEARS RED AFTER CENTRIFUGATION IS DESCRIBED AS: HEMOLYZED
SERUM THAT APPEARS YELLOW AFTER CENTRIFUGATION IS DESCRIBED AS: ICTERIC
THE A/G RATION REFERS TO: ALBUMIN/GLOBULIN
THE ENZYME THAT IS FOUND BOTH FREE IN THE CYTOPLASM AND BOUND TO THE MITOCHONDRIAL MEMBRANE AND THAT MAY BE ELEVATED WITH LIVER DISEASE OR MUSCLE INJURY IS: AST
WHAT COMPONENT IS ASSAYED TO DETERMINE THE CAUSE OF JAUNDICE, TO EVALUATE LIVER FUNCTION, AND TO CHECK THAT PATENCY OF BILE DUCTS BILIRUBIN
IN ADULT ANIMALS, NEARLY ALL CIRCULATING ALKALINE PHOSPHATE COMES FROM THE LIVER
THE MOST COMMONLY USED TESTS OF THE KIDNEY FUNCTION IN DOGS ARE BUN AND CREATININE
DEHYDRATION USUALLY RESULTS IN AZOTEMIA
WHOLE BLOOD CONTAINS THE PROTEIN___________THAT IS NOT FOUND IN SERUM FIBRINOGEN
SERUM CREATININE LEVELS ARE INFLUENCED BY HOW WELL THE GLOMERULI ARE FILTERING
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING LIVER ENZYME TESTS IS CONSIDERED A SPECIFIC TEST FOR LIVER DISEASE IN DOGS, CATS AND PRIMATES ONLY? ALT
WHICH KIDNEY VALUE IS MOST USEFUL IN DETERMINING TRUE DAMAGE OR FAILURE CREATININE
DECREASE IN ALBUMIN MAY OCCUR IN: CHRONIC LIVER DISEASE
WHEN EVALUATING THE LIVER OF DOGS AND CATS, AST SHOULD BE ELEVATED IN CONJUNCTION WITH: ALT
WHAT SERUM COMPONENT CAN BE USED AS A SCREENING TEST FOR HYPOTHYROIDISM CHOLESTEROL
ALT IS ALSO KNOWN AS SGPT
ALT IS: ALANINE AMINOTRANSFERASE
ALB IS: ALBUMIN
AST IS: ASPARATATE AMINOTRANSFERASE
BIL IS: BILIRUBIN
GLB IS: GLOBULIN
SGOT IS SERUM GLUTAMIC OXALOACETIC TRANSMINASE
SGPT IS SERUM GLUTAMIC PYTUVIC TRANSMINASE
CREA IS CREATININE
IPHOS IS INORGANIC PHOSPHORUS
AMY IS AMYLASE
LIP IS LIPASE
CAL IS CALCIUM
CHO IS CHOLESTEROL
CK IS CREATINE KINASE
NA+ IS SODIUM
K+ IS POTASSIUM
CL- IS CHLORIDE
HCO3- IS BICARBONATE
WHAT DOES A BUN TEST DO MEASURES ABILITY OF THE KIDNEY TO FILTER NITROGENOUS WASTE FROM THE BLOOD
WHAT DOES A ELEVATED BUN INDICATE HIGH PROTEIN; KIDNEY DISEASE; DEHYDRATION; LOWER URINARY TRACT OBSTRUCTION
WHAT DOES A DECREASED BUN INDICATE SEVERE LIVER DISEASE
WHAT DOES ELEVATED CREATININE INDICATE KIDNEY OBSTRUCTIN; OTHER DISEASES
WHAT DOES INCREASED CK INDICATE MUSCLE DAMAGE
ORDER OF BLOOD DRAW IN TUBES CITRATES-BLUE; PLAIN RED TOP; TIGER TOP-SERUM SEPERATOR; GREEN-HEPERIN; PURPLE- EDTA; GRAY POTASSIUM OXILATE OR SODIUM FLUORIDE
WHAT DOES BELOW NORMAL RESULTS ON A PCV INDICATE ANEMIA; INADEQUATE VOLUME OF BLOOD TO ANTICOAGULANT RATIO
WHAT DOES ABOVE NORMAL RESULTS ON A PCV INDICATE POLYCYTHEMIA; DEHYDRATED
OXYHEMOGLOBIN: OXYGEN REPLACES CO2 IN RESPIRATION
METHEMOGLOBIN: OCCURS NATURALLY
SULFHEMOGLOBIN RESULTS FROM CELLS AGING
URINE BROWN IN COLOR INDICATE PRESENCE OF MYOGLOBIN
URINE RED OR REDDISH-BROWN IN COLOR INDICATE PRESENCE OF RBCS; PRESENCE OF HEMOGLOBIN
URINE YELLOW-BROWN OR GREEN COLOR INDICATE CONTAINS BILE PIGMENTS
DESCRIBE HYALINE CASTS CLEAR, COLORLESS, COMPOSED MOSTLY OF PROTEINS, CYLINDRICAL, PARALLEL SIDES AND ROUNDED ENDS
INCREASED HYALINE CASTS INDICATE FEVER, POOR RENAL FUSION
DESCRIBE HYALINE CASTS HYALINE CASTS WITH GRANULES; MOST COMMONLY SEEN
DESCRIBE EPITHELIAL CASTS CONSIST OF EPITHELIAL CELLS FROM THE RENAL TUBULES EMBEDDED IN THE HYALINE MATRIX
DESCRIBE ERYTHROCYTE CASTS DEEP YELLOW TO ORANGE, CONTAIN RBCS
DESCRIBE WAXY CASTS WIDER WITH SQUARE ENDS, DULL, HOMOGENOUS WAXY APPEARANCE
DESRCIBE FATTY CASTS CONTAIN DROPLETS OF FAT
DESCIRBE DIHYDRATE CRYSTALS SMALL SQUARES WITH AN X- LOOKS LIKE AN ENVELOPE
DESCRIBE MONOHYDRATE CRYSTALS SMALL, DUMBBELL SHAPED OR PICKET FENCE
DESCRIBE URIC ACID CRYSTALS A VARIETY OF SHAPES USUALLY DIAMOND OR RHOMBOID, YELLOW OR BROWN COLOR-COMMON IN DALMATIONS
AMORPHOUS URATES ACIDIC URINE
AMORPHOUS PHOSPHATES ALKALINE URINE
PEARSONEMA PLICA BLADDER WORM
DICTOPHYMA RENALE KIDNEY WORM OF DOGS
MICROFILARIA IMMITIS ADULT HEARTWORMS
WHAT IS LIPURIA FAT IN URINE
WHATS DOES AMYLASE DO BREAKS DOWN SUGARS AND CARBS
WHAT DOES LIPASE DO BREAKS DOWN FATTY CHAINS
WHAT IS TRYPSIN PROTEOLYTIC ENZYME
NAME 3 ENDOCRINE PANCREAS TESTS GLUCOSE; FRUCTOSAMINE; GLYCOSYLATED HEMOGLOBIN
WHAT IS MADE AND USED AS AN ALTERNATE ENERGY TO GLUCOSE KEYTONES
WHAT IS THE ANTICOAGULANT OF CHOICE SODIUM FLUORIDE
THE PANCREAS HAS WHAT TWO FUNCTIONS ACINAR AND ENDOCRINE
WHAT ARE TWO ACINAR FUNCTIONS AMYLASE AND LIPASE
WHAT TWO SYSTEMS WORK TOGETHER TO REGULATE PH IN ACID-BASE IMBALANCE REPIRATORY AND RENAL
NAME MAJOR ELECTROLYTE CATIONS IN PLASMA SODIUM; POTASSIUM; CALCIUM; MAGNESIUM; HYDROGEN
HYPERNATREMIA ELEVATED SODIUM LEVELS
HYPONATREMIA DECREASED SODIUM LEVELS
HYPERCHLOREMIA ELEVATED CHLORIDE LEVELS
HYPOCHLOREMIA DECREASED CHLORIDE LEVELS