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VTHT 2209 Final stud

QuestionAnswer
Which of the following are examples of roughages? all
The rumen and reticulum are not separate compartments but separate areas. false
Which of the following can lead to diarrhea, coma, or death? potassium deficiency
Sun-cured hay is the only natural food with a high vitamin D content. true
What is the maximum percentage of its total blood volume that a healthy adult horse can safely donate at a single blood collection? 15% to 20% of total blood volume
Simple lipids are combined with some other chemical category, such as phospholipids, lipoproteins, or glycolipids. false
Commercial plasma is collected from donors that are _______. All of the above.
Feed testing is the process of collecting feed samples from 10 random spots in the bale, pile, or bin. False
Which of the following common fluid additives may be safely bolused intravenously to a patient?
Barley tends to cause digestive disturbances if it is ground too finely and should make up no more than one third of the diet. true
The most important treatment for calf scours is: Correct/prevent dehydration.
Calves are normally delivered in: Anterior presentation (“head-diving”).
Gestation in the cow lasts _____________. Both A and B
Patent urachus is common in calves. false
Ruminant fetuses do not produce meconium. false
In cattle, delivery of the fetus (stage 2 of labor) occurs in __________. 30 min to 4 hours
On average, calves should stand and nurse within ___________. 1 to 2 hours
Umbilical herniation is the most common congenital defect in cattle. true
The most immediate need of the newborn calf is: An open (patent) airway.
Which colostrum typically has the higher immunoglobulin (IgG) content? beef cattle
Mr. Jarrett would like to start milking cows. He has just asked you what the differences are among the main dairy breeds, and has asked you to rank them in terms of milk production and milk fat. milk production: Holstein- Friesan (14,500 lbs), Brown Swiss (12,000 lbs.), Ayrshire (11,700 lbs), Guernsey (10,600lbs), and Jersey (10,000 lbs). milk fat: Jersey (5.4%), Guernsey (5%), Brown Swiss (4.1%), Ayrshire (4%), and Holstein- Friesan (3.5%)
Umbilical herniation is the most common congenital defect in cattle. true
Patent urachus is common in calves. false
On average, calves should stand and nurse within ___________. 1 to 2 hours
The primary risk factor for the development of neonatal bacterial septicemia in calves is: Failure of passive transfer of antibodies from the dam.
Gestation in the cow lasts _____________. Both A and B
Ruminant fetuses do not produce meconium. false
As a general guideline, a calf should consume what percentage of its body weight in colostrum in the first 24 hours of life? 10% to 15%.
A client calls with a concern about a cow giving birth. The cow entered stage 2 of labor and has been straining for 90 minutes without delivering the fetus. What is the proper course of action?
The most important treatment for calf scours is: Correct/prevent dehydration.
The most immediate need of the newborn calf is: An open (patent) airway.
Mr. Duncan is feeding cattle in southern Kansas. He has recently seen an increase in white muscle disease within his beef herd. What records should you ask him to bring along? what information would you pull to the top for your veterinarian to review? bring records of the minerals being supplemented and any soil testing reports, forage or fed grass. He should bring in what rations are being used and if they are balanced. The birthing records for the herd. I would pull the diet record to the front.
Stress and antibiotics can affect the somatic cell count used for detection of mastitis. True
The following clinical signs are associated with rickets: swollen, tender joints, enlargement of the epiphysis, bowed limbs, stiffness, beads on the ribs, and an arched back? True
Brucellosis is zoonotic. True
Ruminal distention is best seen on the right side of the animal when standing from behind. False
Milk fever is treated with intravenous calcium. True
Regular hoof trimming, regular use of footbaths, and management to eliminate moist ground conditions are the most important preventative measures for anthrax. False
Necrotic muscle is often found upon necropsy in animals infected with Clostridium chauvoei. True
Another name for infectious bovine rhinotracheitis is: Red nose.
Ketosis is treated with intravenous glucose. True
One of the clinical signs of listeriosis is a circling behavior. True
Harmophilus sommus causes brain fever in feedlot cattle. true
Which of the following is true concerning anthrax? all of the above
IBR is also known as Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis
Two common species of pastuerella are P. hemolytica and P. multocida. True
Lepto may cause abortion and illness and is spread through urine and water contamination. True
The vaccine for trichomoniasis is about 98% efficacy. False
E. coli is a bacterial cause of scours that usually appears in calves under 5 days of age. true
Mr. Savich said that his cattle were having large numbers of abortions. not due to calve until the middle of February. What disease could cause these abortions? What precautions will you take collecting the aborted fetal tissue samples and why? brucellosis or leptospirosis, Brucellosis and leptospirosis are zoonotic, I would wear PPE while collecting samples I would bag the PPE to contain any bacteria and properly sanitize it once returning to the practice. washing hands and good hygiene
How many genetic combinations are possible with polled intersex breeds? 3
In sheep and goats, treatment for retained placenta is usually not necessary until 12 hours after parturition. true
Diarrhea within the first few days of a lamb’s life is usually caused by: Escherichia coli.
When do most umbilical infections occur in lambs and kids? within the first two weeks of birth
Which of the following can produce fall lambs? Dorset
Electroejaculation is the most commonly used method for semen collection in sheep. true
Facing is shearing the wool from around the eyes in breeds with facial wool is also done to improve the dam’s vision of her newborn lambs. true
Which type of goat has two white stripes down its face? Alpine
How many types of Merino sheep are there? 3
Cashmere is the soft down or winter undercoat of fiber produced by most breeds of goats, except the angora. true
Mr. Bohling is looking to increase his lambing crop and heard about a breed that increases multiple lambs per birth. He currently has about 25% of his flock lambing in the fall. What breed of sheep is he raising that allows him to lamb in the fall? Dorset sheep because they can be bred out of season, Finnish sheep are capable of producing multiple lambs, and Romanov sheep also produce multiple lambs per breeding cycle (usually around 4-6 lambs) and is known for its breeding abilities.
Chlamydophilosis is caused by Chlamydia psittaci. true
Hereditary chondrodysplasia is most commonly seen in Suffolk and Hampshire breeds. true
Which of the following diseases has a vaccine that is given by scratching the skin in an "X" shape? orf
Control of liver fluke infestation is extremely important in the prevention of black disease. true
The mosquito is thought to be responsible for transmitting bluetongue. false
Caseous lymphadenitis is caused by a gram-negative rod. false
Vibriosis is caused by which of the following? Campylobacter jejuni.
There is no treatment for scrapie. true
Which of the following is not a form of CAE? respiratory
Which of the following organisms are responsible for brucellosis in sheep or goats? brucella ovis, brucella melitensis, b. abortus
Ms. Funk has an appointment for treatment of entropion in a 3-day-old lamb. If the veterinarian asks you to prepare for the visit, what pharmaceuticals will you prepare? What equipment will you prepare? The pharmaceuticals I would prepare are antibiotic ointment, topical 1% atropine, benzathine, and procaine penicillin. The equipment I would prepare for the would be mosquito hemostat, skin staples, mattress sutures comma, syringes and Michel clips.
The average time to complete stage 2 of labor (delivery of all fetuses) is approximately 2-3 hours. false
Which teats typically produce greater volumes of milk? Cranial teats.
Common causes of death in neonatal piglets include all but which one of the following? Suffocation by other piglets.
The normal time interval between deliveries of two consecutive piglets is 15-20 minutes. true
Hampshire hogs are black with a white belt. true
Which of the following methods of semen collection is not recommended for boars? Electroejaculation.
Standing heat in female swine can be confirmed by pressing down on the female’s back to initiate a lordosis response. true
During delivery of a piglet, only the piglet’s snout is observed to extend from the sow’s vulva; no feet or legs are visible. What is the proper course of action? This is a normal delivery posture and should not be considered as a dystocia unless the piglet is not delivered within 30 minutes.
The average birth weight of a piglet is approximately: 3 to 4 lbs
Pregnancy in swine can be confirmed by pressing down on the female’s back to initiate a lordosis response. false
Mrs. Holtgrew calls in and says she has a Hereford that is having trouble giving birth. Should you ask what species she is speaking of? she tells you the last piglet was born 30 minutes ago, is Mrs. Holtgrew valid in calling the clinic? I would ask Mrs. Holtgrew which species because there is a Hereford breed of cattle as well as a breed of swine. The final stage of labor can take up to 4 hours after the last piglet is born, so its a little early to worry.
Rickets is caused by a lack of calcium, phosphorous, or vitamin D in the diet. true
The treatment for clostridium perfringens type C enteritis is usually unsuccessful because once diarrhea is present, the lesions formed are often irreversible? true
Actinobacillus Pleuropneumoniae is the cause of Glasser disease. False
Antibiotics can cure PRRS disease. False
Secondary bacterial infections often complicate swine influenza. true
Which of the following is deficient with a piglet diagnosed with baby pig thumps? Iron
Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae causes swine erysipelas. true
Escherichia coli colonizes in the stomach of piglets. false
Cardiovascular collapse and death usually occur with malignant hyperthermia. True
Pseudorabies is a reportable disease. True
Mrs. Kay is having increased stillbirths and she is seeing an increase in respiratory disease and death. A veterinarian diagnoses the herd with PRRS. Is there a treatment for this disease? What can Mrs. Kay do to prevent this disease? I would advise Mrs. Kay there is currently no effective treatment for PRRS (Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome). Mrs. Kay can prevent PRRS in the future by ensuring she purchases PRRS-negative animals and vaccinations.
Which of the following are true about chickens? Chickens are omnivorous and will eat anything from insects and slugs to small mice, lizards and frogs. Chickens are cannibalistic by nature and when confined may start picking. The common farmyard chicken is scientifically known as 'Gallus Gallus Domesticus'. A brooding hen turns her eggs about once every half hour or about 50 times a day.
The ________________ is located immediately above the cloaca of young birds but disappears when the birds have reached approximately one year old. bursa of fabricius
In commercial operations, eggs are stored at 80-85 degrees until being placed in the hatchery. false
In the cloaca there is a mixing of the digestive wastes together with wastes from the urinary system (urates). true
In commercial operations, chicks are usually kept in the broiler house for 12-14 weeks. true
What factors affect incubation? temperature humidity ventilation position turning of eggs sanitation temperature, humidity, ventilation, position, egg turning
Commercial broiler houses are generally lighted 24 hours a day to cut down on cannibalism. true
The vitamin and mineral levels are higher for growing birds and for egg production. true
Chickens that eat whole seeds, grains, vegetable material or fiber must have insoluble grit (granite grit) or small stones in their gizzard to grind the hard or fiber material. true
Hens will lay many more eggs if artificial light is available in the morning and evening to give 19 to 20 hours of light each day. false
Histomoniasis is also known as whitehead disease. false
The chicken body louse, Menacanthus stramineus, can reduce egg production in caged layer hens. true
The severity of infectious bronchitis infection is influenced not by the age and immune status of the flock, by environmental conditions, and by the presence of other diseases. false
The common bed bug, Cimex lectularius L., does not attack poultry. false
Leviamisole and fenbendazole are effective in the treatment of thread worms. true
Created by: kcrabtree507