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Mycology, Cytology

Mycology, Cytology, Skin Disorders - VTT 234

Fungi are ___________, meaning they cannot produce their own food. heterotrophs
Fungi can be __________ or ___________. parasitic or saprophytic
________ fungi derive nutrition at the expense of the host. Parasitic
__________ fungi derive nutrition from decaying hosts. Saprophytic
Fungi consist of webs of slender tubes called _________, that grow toward the food source. hyphae
Fungi digest food ________. externally
Fungi reproduce via a fruiting body structure, ________, that release spores. hyphae
What are the equipment you need for fungi collection? Lactophenol Cotton Blue stain (LPCB), potassium hydroxide (KOH), India ink, wood's lamp, clear tape, DTM
A superficial skin fungus is called what? dermatophytosis
________ is an example of dermatophytosis. Ringworm
What are some signs of dermatophytosis? hair loss, hyperkeratosis, inflammation
What are the common ringworms seen in both dogs and cats? micosporum, trichophyton
Yeast is a _______ celled fungus. single
____________ is the most common yeast infection of superficial skin & moist areas like the ears. Malassezia spp.
Regular fungus is called _______ __________ ______ when it can overcome defenses by changing form (morphology). systemic dimorphic fungi
How do you diagnose dimorphic fungal infections? radiographs of lungs, cytology, tissue biopsies, serology
Aspergillus is commonly found where? dead leaves, stored grain, compost, anywhere with decay
_______ causes aspergillosis or an allergic response. Aspergillus
A mass of ________ is a fungal mass in the lungs. aspergilla
__________ looks like a dandelion. Aspergillus
Candida albicans causes _______ in birds and horses. "Thrush"
_______ ______ looks like a cactus. Candida albicans
_____________ does not have hyphae/tubular structures. Blastomyces
_________ looks like sunshines. Histoplasma
Coccydiomycosis is also called ______ _______. Valley Fever
What fungus spreads to bone, joints and CNS? Coccidioides
_________ looks like a train. Coccidioides
___________ is common in soil, tree bark and plants. Sporothrix
What is the cause of Rose Pickers disease? spotpthrix
Sporothrix looks like ______ ______ flowers. baby's breath
Evaluate fungal growth for ___ days after inoculating test media. 21
Any _________ growth should be ignored. pigmented
Dermatophytes grow _______ to _________ in color. white to off-white
________ is designed for identification of a fungus based on morphology and characteristics. SDA
___________ is the examination or study of cells. Cytology
_______ is the study of tissues. Histology
What are some collection methods for cytology? swab, scrape, impression, FNA
What are some single stains? methylene blue, iodine, India ink
What are series stains? Diff. quick, Gram, Wright's
How would you note morphology of cells? size, shape, color, density, uniformity, intracellular structures
How would you note amount of cells? rare, mild, moderate, marked, TNTC
What is the term for varied cell size? anisocytocis
___________ is the term for varying size of nuclei. Anisokaryosis
The terms _____ and ______ nucleated refer to numbers of nuclei in cells. bi and multi
Blue speckles or dots on cells are referred to as _______ _______. basophilic stippling
It is important to note the ________ to _______ ratio and numbers of nuclei per cell. nucleus to cytoplasm
What are you looking for on an ear cytology? bacteria, fungi, blood cells, epithelial tissues
The goal of a FNA is to remove _______, not fluid. cells
What are the procedures for fluid analysis? LTT & RTT, smears, specific gravity & protein, spin, sediment slide, evaluate macro & microscopic
Joint fluid indications help determine causes of _______ or _______ in the joint. pain or swelling
What should be evaluated with a joint fluid assessment? volume, color, turbidity, viscosity
Do not use ________ anticoagulant with joint fluid. heparin
Why would you preform a vaginal cytology? test for estrous cycle stage
__________ is the repair period of estrous, when females & males have no interest in each other. Anestrous
_________ makes males interested, but not females. Proestrous
_________ is when ovulation occurs. Estrus
Nothing happens during ___________ of the estrous cycle. Diestrus
Vaginal cytology should be taken from the _________ aspect. dorsal
What cells are mostly seen during diestrus and anestrus? parabasal
What cells are seen after parabasal cells? intermediate
________ cells are the largest cells seen in a vaginal smear during proestrus. Superficial
What cells are nearly completely absent during anestrus? Superficial
What two parts of the estrous cycle are very similar? anestrus & diestrus
_______ ________ are the feline equivalent of freckles, common on orange & tortoise shell cats. Letingo simplex
When the pigment changes based on how much melanin is produced, this is a ________. macule
A solid elevation is a ________ when caused by inflammation. papule
An area on the epidermis containing pus is called a ________. pustule
A solid elevation greater than 1cm that reaches into the deeper layers of the skin is a ________. nodule
A ________ is a mass involving skin and subQ tissue. tumor
What is a term to describe partial or complete hair loss? alopecia
Inflammation of one or more hair shafts is termed __________, which is usually an ingrown hair. folliculitis
Increased epidermal and dermal melanin causes ___________, which leads to darkening. hyperpigmentation
Partial or complete loss of the epidermis is called ________, which can be self inflicted. erosion
Another name for "pus in the skin". pyoderma
Focal loss of epidermis with dermal exposure is an _______, which is deeper than erosion. ulcer
What clinical signs can food allergies do to the skin? pruritis, hives, hot spots, dry flaky skin, alopecia
Flea allergy dermatitis is an allergy to flea _______, which causes itching and pustules. saliva
Acute moist dermatitis is a _____ _____, caused by a bacteria disorder. hot spot
_____ _____ dermatitis is caused by bacteria in a skin fold. Skin fold
A virus called ______ embeds in epithelial tissues causing red lesions. pox
A virus called ___________ causes nasal and pad hardening. distemper
What kind of seborrhea causes oily, flaky, rancid smell and excess sebum? S. Oleosa
What kind of seborrhea causes dryness like dandruff and a dull coat? S. Sicca
___________ is an immune mediated disease primarily in non-haired areas. P. vulgaris
__________ is an immune mediated disease with which affected cells turn malignant. P. vegetans
________ is an immune mediated disease, in which the immune system attacks the dermal cells. Lupus
Created by: PimaVT



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