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Veterinary Radiology

Overview of positioning

QuestionAnswer
Patient is lying on its back is called ventrodorsal
Patient lying on its abdomen is called dorsoventral
For a right lateral view what side is the animal laying on? right
The distal portion of the femur and the proximal portion of the tibia and fibula join at what joint? stifle
The distal portion of the humerus and the proximal portion of the radius and ulna join at what joint? elbow
How are positional terms named? The first word will be the area the x-ray beam enters the animal and the second word will be the area the x-ray beam exits the animal.
What is the directional term used from the carpus to the digits on the front of the animals paw? dorsal
The descriptors dorsal, palmar, and plantar are used for that portion of the limb _____________ to and including the carpus and tarsus. distal
_____________ and _______________ refer to the portion of the limb proximal to the carpus and tarsus. Cranial Caudal
Define obliquely. when the central ray passes through the animal at an angle
If we suspect a fracture in the femur, where will we center our central x-ray beam over? where we think the fracture is
Information that should be included on all radiographs. owner name, patient name, date, and name of clinic
On a lateral view the animals head goes in which direction? left
On a VD view the animals head goes in which direction? up
The area behind the front paws is called what? palmar
The area behind the rear paws is called what? plantar
If you are taking a view of the front limb, where will your marker be? laterally
If you are taking a lateral abdomen, where will you put your marker? cranially and ventrally
When taking a VD radiograph, where will you put your RIGHT marker? on the patients right side cranially
Define OFD. object film distance-the distance from the image detector to the part of the body being radiographed
Define orthogonal. two radiographic exposures made at a 90 degree angle which are recommended
Define radiopaque. white or relatively white densities on film
An abdominal radiograph should be taken on _____________. expiration
A thoracic radiograph should be taken on ________________. inspiration
In the abdomen, what serves as a contrasting opacity to help identify the structures? fat
What organ is associated with the right liver lobes and has the opacity of soft tissue which makes it usually unvisible? gallbladder
This tubular organ lies dorsal to the trachea and can sometimes be seen on x-ray if it has air or food in it. esophagus
Created by: spoitevint