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Parturition/Neonatal & Rectal + Reproduction Procedures - VTT 226

Anal glands are located at...? 4 and 8 o' clock positions
Signs and symptoms that anal glands need to be expressed? Scooting, licking, biting of the anal area, red or irritation at rectal area
What does BSE stand for? Breeding Soundness Exam
What does BSE determine? Genetic or hereditary diseases.
What does BSE include? OFA, CERF, heart clearances, infectious disorders, endocrine disorders, reproduction
Name canine gestation facts Whelping, 63 day gestation, 3 stages, body temp. drops to 98-99 degress
Name feline gestation facts Queening, 63 day gestation, reddish-brown discharge post partum is normal
Signs of impending birth? Relaxing of abdominal and pelvic muscles, restless nesting behaviour, Canine only- drop in rectal temperature (caused by drop in Progesterone)
Stage 1 signs? 6-12 hours (up to 36 hours), uterine contractions begin, very restless, panting, digging, shivering, +/- vomiting, refusal to eat, cervix dilates
Stage 2 signs? 3-12 hours (up to 24 hours), temperature returns to normal, first pup enters the pelvic canal, noticeable uterine contractions, clear discharge
What is needed immediately after birth? For the bitch to lick the pup to remove the sac, clean it up & stimulate breathing. If the mom doesn't, human intervention is needed.
If human intervention is needed, because the mom isn't cleaning the pup, what needs to be done? Use your fingers to break open the sac, clean the airway with bulb syringe, rub with a towel, cut the cord & tie with suture, ID and weight the puppy, return to mom to begin nursing
What to record with each puppy/kitten? Time of birth, sex, description of markings, weight
How often should pups be weighed? Every 12 hours for first 3 days. Then once a day between 3 days and 4 weeks.
Stage 3 signs? Expulsion of the placenta, usually 15 mins after the birth of 1-3 pups, green-black vaginal discharge is normal for up to 3 weeks
Maternal factors for dystocia? Contraction forces, lack of contractions, age, pain, hernia of the uterus, uterine rupture, inadequate pelvis, insufficient dilation
Fetal factors for dytocia? Over-sized fetus, head flexion, limb flexion, faulty pelvic presentaion
Drugs for neonates following a C-Section? Naloxone, Doxapram, Atropine, Epinepherine, Glucose
Supplies for neonates following a C-Section? Warm/dry area, clean/warm towel, drugs, hemostats, suture and scissors, suction bulbs, oxygen, needles for acupuncture
When do external ear canals open? Between 6-14 days after birth, and should be entirely open at 17 days old.
Neonate HR and RR? HR: 220 bpm RR: 15-35 brpm
Enviroment temperature for neonates? 86-90° F, lower this temp. over the next 3 weeks to 75° F. Humidity- 55-60%
When will neonates defecate on their own? Around 3 weeks old
Signs of neonatal illness? Crying a lot, restlessness, weakness, hypothermia, diarrhea, altered respiration, hematuria, cyanosis
Created by: PimaVT



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