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Test and HW question

Test and HW questions

True or False: When triaging over the phone, the technician should sound panicked in order to indicate urgency to the owner. False
True or False: In an emergency, a LVT can apply a tourniquet or pressure bandage to control hemorrhaging. True
True or False: Blood Gas Analyzers often require arterial blood samples. True
True or False: A fluid pump gives small amounts of a drug over an extended period of time where a syringe pump delivers large amounts of fluids over a specific amount of time(mls/hour). False, it's the reverse
True or False: Most clinics have the ability to at least store frozen blood and plasma ordered from blood banks. True
True or False: It is ok to leave a cat who is open mouth breathing and in respiratory distress unsupervised in an oxygen cage. False
True or False: It is ok to provide owners with a diagnoses over the phone. False, the pet needs to see a DVM
True or False: An arterial blood will often spout or shoot out blood and is an immediate emergency where a venous bleed is not as serious and will often have a slow, steady bleed until controlled. True
True or False: A hemoabdomen is an immediate emergency that should be seen ASAP. True
True or False: White marks on the mucosa is known as petechia. False, red spots on the skin is known as petechia
True or False: You always cool any hyperthermic patient. True
True or False: An irregular heartbeat can be a sign of both hyperthermia and hypothermia. False, it's only a sign of hyperthermia
True or False: When a patient presents with bleach ingestion you should induce emesis and then follow with activated charcoal. False, it's caustic and will burn the throat
True or False: Concerning chocolate, typically the darker the chocolate the more toxic it may be to the patient. True
True or False: GDV can be managed with fluids and therapy if caught early. False
True or False: Macadamia nut toxicity usually presents with hind-end weakness and is safe to monitor at home. True
True or False: Most patients presenting with megaesophagus have little to no appetite. False, they tend to be starving because food isn't reaching the stomach
True or False: A CPL snap test can help test for canine parvovirus False
True or False: A cat comes in with a potential topical toxicity. It is cold and in shock. the first thing you do is give it a bat with Dawn dish soap. False
True or False: Apomorphine is used to induce vomiting in dogs while Xylazine is used to induce vomiting in cats. True
True or False: An echocardiogram measures the electrical activity of the heart. False
True or False: During CPCR a patient should be given a breath every 1-3 seconds. False
True or False: Insulin allows glucose to enter the cell. True
True or False: DKA is a life threatening emergency. True
True or False: DKA will change the PH of the blood stream. True
True or False: Urinalysis is not helpful when diagnosing a DKA patient as it does not give us a blood glucose level. False
True or False: Serial blood glucose test are required of hospitalized DKA patients. True
True or False: Bloodwork is typically a valuable indicator of a patient with Addisons Disease. True
True or False: Stress can bring on an Addisonian Crisis. True
True or False: A saddle thrombus is a feline thromboembolism. True
True or False: Patients presenting with heart disease may present with injected, pale, or cyanotic mucus membrane color. True
True or False: Cats with a history of cardiac disease offen present with a cough. False, cats presenting with resp. related symptoms such as a cough usually have a asthma or other resp. issues.
True or False: Weak pulses are often an indicator there is an underlying heart issue going on with the patient. True
True or False: Pleural Effusion is fluid that has accumulated with in the lungs. False, that's a pleural edema
True or False: Pneumonia, an inflammation of the lungs can cause an inability to oxygenate blood. True
True or False: Laryngeal paralysis is the state of complete or partial failure of the arytenoid cartilages vocal folds, specifically during inspiration and expiration. True
True or False: Tracheal collapse is only a concern in brachycephalic dogs. False
True or False: Asthma is often the cause of feline lower airway disease. True
True or False: Technicians can perform a tracheostomy. False
True or False: Restlessness and anxiety are often symptoms of respiratory distress. True
True or False: Paradoxical respiration is considered a normal breathing pattern. False
True or False: Stridor is often an indicator of an obstruction in the respiratory system. True.
True or False: "Over the needle" catheters may be left in for 14 days while "thru the needle catheters may only be left in for 3-7 days. False, it's the reverse
True or False: Catheters require daily care and maintenance including checking the IVC site and flushing every 4 hours with hep/saline solution. True
True or False: Dehydration is usually only one symptom of an underlying disease state. True
True or False: SQ fluids are ok for patients that are severely dehydrated. False, it's not effective and is really only effective for those with mild dehydration.
True or False: The end result of shock is cellular damage and death of cells. True
True or False: In the early stages of shock, vasoconstriction and increased heart rate, try to maintain blood pressure and help increase cardiac output. True
True or False: Hetastarch is an example of a crystalloid fluid. False, it's an example of a colloid.
True or False: Crystalloids are the most commonly used fluids. True
True or False: Crystalloid fluids can be isotonic, hypotonic, and hypertonic. True
True or False: Colloids have a high molecular weight and do not easily cross mucus membranes. True
True or False: Concerning insect bites, facial swelling is not a concern in brachycephalic breeds. False, this is always a concern esp for them because they already have trouble breathing as it is.
Gastric torsion and heartworm can result in what type of shock? Obstructive
What is the most common type of shock we see? Hypovolemic
What type of patient would you give fluids IO(intraosseous)? neonates (puppies and kittens)
Sepsis is defined as what? A result from trauma and anaphylaxis, a cause of distributive shock, a state of circulatory collapse that occurs secondary to inflammatory disease that effects the animals whole body.
MODS stands for what? Multiple Organ Dysfunction Syndrome
SIRS stands for what? Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome
Shock is defined as what? A clinical state in which cellular energy production has fallen so low that organ function is compromised
When ausculting the heart you should listen for what? Arrhythmias, gallops, murmurs
What is the drug we give to patients with congestive heart failure to help reduce fluid load? Furosemide
CPCR stands for what? Cardiopulmonary Cerebral Resuscitation
Syncope is defined as what? collapse/fainting
True or False: Sometimes cyanosis is not detected until oxygen levels have become dangerously low (in non-anemic patients). True
True or False: Cyanosis can cause blue or gray tinted mucous membranes and skin color. True
True or False: Cyanosis can be caused by hypoxemia True
"Blazer" a 10YO MN Lab. Symptoms are: a honking sound when he inhales, difficulty eating (often gagging after a few bites), excessive panting, low energy, loud harsh lung sounds upon auscultation of the lungs. What does he probably have? Laryngeal Paralysis
The DVM wants to perform a thoracocentisis. to help a patient that has air inside his chest cavity due to a dog fight and puncture wound. The doctor is most likely treating that patient for a what? Pneumothorax
Created by: Adeprey4311