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Pigs

Swine - VTT 222

QuestionAnswer
What is the Genus of pigs? Sus
What is the species name for the domesticated pig? Domestica
What is the species name for a wild boar? Scrofa
What is a shoat? An immature, intact male pig.
What is a gilt? An immature female pig (never farrowed).
What's the difference between a pig and a hog? Hogs are >120lbs. Pigs are <120lbs.
How many permanent teeth do pigs have? 44
Why should hogs be protected from temperatures over 90° F? To avoid Porcine Stress Syndrome (PSS).
How often is a pig's polyestrous cycle? Every 18-24 days.
How long is gestation? 3 months, 3 weeks, 3 days (114 days)
How long does estrus last? 2-3 days
How soon after birth should piglets suckle colostrum? Within first 30 mins of birth.
Why are pig's tails docked? To avoid cannibalism.
Why are the needle teeth clipped on piglets? To avoid injury to the sow.
When should castration happen? 4-14 days old.
What item should be used while herding pigs? A solid portable barrier.
Normal TPR of hogs? Temp: 101-103.5° F Pulse: 60-90 bmp RR: 10-24 bpm
Where are the pulse points at? Auricular artery along the pinna. Coccygeal artery of the tail.
Why is urine collection difficult on pigs? It's free catch and adults only urinate 2-3 times a day.
Internal parasites for pigs? Large roundworm (Ascaris suum), Nodular worms (Oesophagostomum spp.), Whipworms (Trichuris suis), Trichina
External parasites for pigs? Blood sucking louse, Mange
What is the most common disease in swine? Mange
What vitamins do swine need? A, D, E, K, B complex
When is puberty? 5-8 months old (or 150-200 lbs)
How often do adult hogs urinate? 2-3 times a day
Small sample blood collection site? <5mL Lateral auricular vein
Large sample blood collection site? >5mL Cranial Vena Cava
What device is used to give oral medication? Oral Speculum
Anesthesia used in swine? Injectable Ketamine + Xylazine
What is the swine Family called? Suidae
Created by: PimaVT