Busy. Please wait.

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 

Username is available taken
show password


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Didn't know it?
click below
Knew it?
click below
Don't know
Remaining cards (0)
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

VTT ER Procedures

Metabolic/anesthetic emergencies Hypo/Hyperthermia

True or False: Insulin allows glucose to enter the cell. True
True or False: DKA is a life threatening emergency. True
True or False: DKA will change the PH of the blood stream. True
True or False: Urinalysis is not helpful when diagnosing a DKA patient as it does not give us a blood glucose level. False, it tells us if there is spillover which is a symptom of DKA
True or False: Serial blood tests are required of hospitalized DKA patients. True, it tells us if the treatment is working and will help you monitor the blood ph so they don't go from acidosis to alkalosis which can happen
True or False: Bloodwork is typically a valuable indicator of a patient with Addison's Disease. True
True or False: Stress can bring on an Addisonian Crisis. True
This test is used to determine if a patient has Addison's Disease. ACTH Stim
Ketonic breath is often described as smelling like? sweet or like nail polish remover
A DKA patient may present with what? Vomiting and oral/GI ulceration, Pre-renal failur severe dehydration and/or hypovolemia, hypertension, and neurological symptoms
One of the most important factors in a successful recovery of a DKA patient at home is what? Client education and understanding
Should a DKA patient always have access to water? Yes, they'll be dehydrated
Will a DKA patient need aggressive fluid therapy? Yes
Should a DKA patent be put on an insulin CRI? Yes
Patients in Addisonian Crisis often have what type of shock? Hypovolemic
What are two (lab) symptoms you would find in a DKA patient? High serum glucose (diabetes), Glucose in urine (spillover), Ketones in urine and or serum (ketosis), and a low blood Ph (acidosis)
Please list 3 presenting symptoms of a patient in Addisonian Crisis. Very weak, dehydrated, bradycardic, depressed
Please list two treatments for patients in Addisonian Crisis. Steroids (Dexamethasone SP injection and oral steroids after first day), Dextrose administration (either IV bolus of 25% solution or less or CRI in fluids
When do we treat hyperthermia? When the temp is above 106 except for breeds where that is within the normal limits
What happens to the body as temperature increases? The organs start to fail. Kidneys fail, GI becomes compromised, and the brain damage becomes possible.
What are some physical symptoms hyperthermic animals experience? Seizures, vomiting, excessive panting, depression, & collapse
How do you treat hyperthermia? Please be detailed. Cold water/Ice water baths (not typically recommended) Alcohol on foot pads Cool IV fluids With them down and cool with a fan.
Besides monitoring temperature, what is one of the most important parameters we monitor in hyperthermic patients? Mentation
What are the varied stages (temperatures) for hypothermia? Mild hypothermia 98.5-99.5 degrees F Moderate hypothermia 97-98 degrees F Severe hypothermia <90 degrees F
What is the difference between passive and active warming? With passive you don't have an outside heat source
What is active rewarming? With active you are using heat sources other than just the animal’s own natural body heat. It can take the form of everything from warmed towels to hot water bottles to incubators.
What is passive rewarming? Passive you are using measures such as blankets to keep them from losing heat while allowing their bodies to generate the heat to warm them up.
What types of patients may present with hypothermia? Those exposed to cold, those immersed in cold water, those who have a systemic disease like renal (esp cats), young puppies and kittens, anesthesia patients, patients presenting with hypervolemic shock, hypertensive patients, and debilitated patients.
Explain why you would use pain medication while actively re-warming a patient. Patients that have had body temps below 93 degrees can experience substantial pain on rewarming
Why would you get an ECG on a cold patient who presents with no palpable pulses? Because while they might not have a palpable pulse or audible heart beat they may still have one and if you use an ECG you can get otherwise unreadable heart activity
Created by: Adeprey4311



Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards