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Centesis - VTT 226

What is centesis? The act of puncturing a body cavity or organ, in order to draw out fluid or air.
Supplies? 18-22g needle. Usually 1-2" long. 3mL syringe for "quick peek", 12-60mL for draining. Collection tubes (LTT, RTT), slides, 3-way stop cock, waste bowl
Indications for Thoracocentesis? Air or fluid is present in the pleural space, causing the lungs to not expand completely.
Abdominocentesis location? 5-10cm area between the umbilicus and the bladder (or where the DVM has indicated).
Thoracocentesis location? Between the 7th and 9th ribs
What's so great about cystocentesis? Best way to collect a fresh, sterile sample for analysis and bacterial culture
Supplies for cystocentesis? 22g x 1 1/2" needle, 6-12mL syringe, alcohol
How do you perform a cystocentesis? Isolate the bladder with non-dominant hand. Use the ventral mid-line as a reference. In male dogs, divert the prepuce and penis laterally.
Types of centesis? Abdominocentesis, Thoracocentesis, Cystocentesis, Pericardiocentesis, Arthrocentesis
What is a pericardiocentesis? Relieve build up of fluid in the pericardial sac. Done on left side, between 4th and 5th rib.
What is collected in arthrocentesis? Synovial fluid from a joint
Created by: PimaVT