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Prevention

Equine

QuestionAnswer
What factors do we base the vaccination schedule on? Risk of disease, consequences of the disease, anticipated effectiveness of the selected product(s), potential for adverse reactions to a vaccine(s), cost of immunization vs potential cost of disease
What should infectious disease control programs be directed towards? reducing exposure, minimizing factors, enhancing resistance
What will consistent utilization of such management programs do? In time they will lower the incidence and/or severity of infectious disease
What type of vaccines contain agents capable of replicating within the horse yet have decreased pathogenicity> Live vaccines
What type of vaccines are derived from naturally occurring pathogens Modified Live vaccines
What type of vaccines Lack pathogenicity and can neither replicate nor spread between hosts? Killed vaccine
What type of vaccines require multiple doses and/or boosters? Killed vaccines
What are some adverse reactions that horses can have after receiving a vaccine intramuscularly? Local muscular swelling and soreness, transient self-limiting signs including fever anorexia and lethargy
What is it important to note on the chart about the vaccine given? Lot and serial number of the vaccine
What is the reccomendation regarding shows, sales, or travel with regards to vaccination? That they're given 2-3 weeks prior to any of these
How should you store vaccines? They should be refrigerated and you will want to check the thermometer to make sure they're staying at temperature. Middle of the fridge is a good idea.
What do we need to make sure of when handling our vaccines? Clean the site, double check that you're giving it via the route, and use separate needles used for each individual animal
How is Eastern/western equine encephalomyelitis transmitted? By mosquitoes
Who is at higher risk for getting EEE/WEE? Horses from places where there is a lot of mosquitoes
What is the vaccination schedule for a EEE/WEE if the horse is previously unvaccinated? 2 vaccine series 3-4 wks apart
What is the vaccination schedule for a EEE/WEE if the horse is previously vaccinated? once yearly in the spring, however if you live in an area where mosquitoes are prevalent year round it's a twice yearly
What is the vaccination schedule for EEE/WEE if the horse is pregant and previously unvaccinated? 2 vaccinations 4 weeks apart with the final one being 4-6 weeks prior to foaling
What is the vaccination schedule for EEE/WEE if the horse is pregant and previously vaccinated? 1 vaccination 4-6 weeks prior to foaling
What is the vaccination schedule for EEE/WEE if the horse is a foal? 3 dose series starting at 4-6 months of age
What is the vaccination schedule for EEE/WEE if the and foal and mosquitoes are prevalent in the area? series can start as early as 2-3 months of age
What is the vaccination schedule for rabies if the horse is previously unvaccinated? always single vaccine series, given yearly
What is the vaccination schedule for a rabies if the horse is pregnant? 4-6 wks before foaling
What is the vaccination schedule for rabies if the horse is a foal? 2 vaccine series, 4-6 wks apart, no earlier than 6 months of age UNLESS the mare was unvaccinated then we give it at about 3-4 mos of age
What is the vaccination schedule for tetanus if the horse is a foal? 3 dose series starting at 4-6 mos of age, unless the mare was unvaccinated then series starts at 1-4 mos of age
What does tetanus a result from? puncture wounds, lacerations, surgical wounds
What is the vaccination schedule for tetanus if the horse is a pregnant? 4 weeks prior to foaling, if unvaccinated 2 vaccine series with last one 4 weeks prior to foaling
What is the vaccination schedule for tetanus if the horse is an previously vaccinated adult? once a year, but if they get a puncture wound within 6 mos of vaccination revaccinate
What is the vaccination schedule for tetanus if the horse is an previously unvaccinated adult? 2 vaccine series, given 4-6 weeks apart
What is the leading cause of arbovirus enchephalitus in horses West Nile virus
What is the fatality rate for horses infected with West Nile virus? 30%
What is the vaccination schedule for West Nile Virus if the horse is an previously vaccinated adult? yearly vaccine unless in an area where mosquitoes are prevalent
What is the vaccination schedule for West Nile Virus if the horse is an previously unvaccinated adult?
What is the vaccination schedule for West Nile Virus if the horse is pregnant? Can't be vaccinated
What is the vaccination schedule for West Nile Virus if the horse is a foal? 3 vaccine series given at 4 weeks apart starting at 4-6 mos of age 3rd and final dose should be administered at 10-12 mos if the mare was unvaccinated series starts at 3-4 mos
If a horse contracts west nile and are not of the 30% that die then what is true? They will have life long immunity
What is anthrax? a serious and rapidly fatal septicemic disease caused by proliferation and spread of the vegetative form of bacillus anthracis in the body
Only a live strain so this means what for the pregnant mare? You can't give it to them, no studies done
What is the vaccination schedule for West Nile Virus if the horse is an previously unvaccinated adult? 2 series 2-3 weeks apart Given SQ not IM
What is the vaccination schedule for West Nile Virus if the horse is an previously vaccinated adult? once yearly
What is the primary indication for vaccinating for Botulism? Prevention of shaker foal syndrome
What are the vaccination recommendations for vaccinating against Botulism with foals? doesn't infer with maternal antibodies so it can be given as early as 2 weeks of age
What are the vaccination recommendations for vaccinating against Botulism in an adult 2 series 2-3 weeks apart then yearly
How does equine herpes virus spread? aerolized secretions, nasal secretions, or contact with aborted material
What are the vaccination recommendations for vaccinating against equine herpes virus in an adult based on breeding season and exposure, every 6 mos if under 5 years of age or used for breeding or exposed to breeding horses, breeding mares are always vaccinated before breeding to prevent abortions
What factors make a horse more susceptible to Equine Influenza? if they are under 5 yrs of age and exposed to a large number of horses
There are 3 types of vaccinations for Equine Influenza what is it important to remember about these ROUTE is different for all 3
What are the vaccination recommendations for vaccinating against e Equine Influenza in a pregnant mare? 3-4 weeks before they foals
What are the vaccination recommendations for vaccinating against e Equine Influenza in a foal? 2 series, 3-4 weeks apart starting at 6-7 mos
What is the recommendations for vaccination with the Equine Viral Arteritis? Purpose to prevent outbreaks in breeding communities
What are the symptoms for Potomac horse Fever? Fever, mild to severe diarrhea, laminitis, mild colic, decreased abdominal sounds, uncommonly pregnant mares infected can abort due to the fetal infection at 7 os of gestation
What are the vaccination recommendations for Potomac Horse Fever? 2 dose, 3-4 weeks apart, 1 yearly
What disease are foals not at risk for? Potomac Horse Fever
What is the major cause of foal diarrhea? Rotaviral Diarrhea
What are the recommendations for vaccinating against Rotaviral diarrhea? Vaccination of Pregnant Mares
What are the recommendations for vaccinating foals 6 mos or older? 3 dose series, 3-4 wks apart
Is the vaccination for snake bite recommended for pregnant mares? No
How is strangles contracted? through direct contact with infected horses
What are the clinical signs of strangles? fever, dysphagia or anorexia, stridor, lymphadenopathy, copious mucopurulent nasal discarge
Created by: Adeprey4311