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VT Anesthesia Ch.1

Elsevier 4th edition "Introduction to Anesthesia"

TermDefinition
Analgesia absence of pain
Anesthesia loss of sensation
Balanced Anesthesia to administer multiple drugs concurrently in smaller quantities than would be required if each were given alone
Epidural Anesthesia provide control of the rear quarters and pelvic region
General Anesthesia a reversible state of unconsciousness,immobility, muscle relaxation, and loss of sensation throughout the entire body produced by administration of one or more anesthetic agents
Hypnosis drug-induced sleeplike state that impairs the ability of the patient to respond appropriately to stimuli
Local Anesthesia loss of sensation in a small area of the body produced by administration of a local anesthetic agent in proximity to the area of interest
Narcosis a drug-induced sleep from which the patient is not easily aroused and that is most often associated with the administration of narcotics
Noxious painfully or physically harmful
Regional Anesthesia a loss of sensation in a limited area of the body produced by administration of a local anesthetic or other agent in proximity to sensory nerves
Sedation drug-induced CNS depression and drowsiness that vary in intensity from light to deep
Surgical Anesthesia specific stage of general anesthesia in which there is a sufficient degree of analgesia and muscle relaxation to allow surgery to be performed without patient pain or movement
Therapeutic Index a ratio of the toxic to the therapeutic dose of a drug, used to measure relative safety
Topical Anesthesia loss of a sensation of a localized area produced by administration of a local anesthetic directly to a body surface or to a surgical or traumatic wound
Tranquilization drug-induced state of calm in which the patient is reluctant to move and is aware of but unconcerned about its surroundings
Created by: KTHindsCC