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VT Pharmacology Ch.1

Romich 2nd edition "A Brief History Of Veterinary Pharmacology"

QuestionAnswer
What country established the first five veterinary colleges? year? France 1760s
What year were veterinary colleges established in America? which state? 1850s Philadelphia
What did the establishment of veterinary colleges have to do with the birth of veterinary pharmacology? These veterinary college were founded as supplements to schools of medicine and the study of physical and chemical characteristics of materials used as medicines.
What examples come from a mineral source? sulfur, iron, electrolytes
What examples come from a botanical source? digitalis,opioids
What examples come from an animal source? insulin, thyroid hormone, lanolin
What examples come from a synthetic (manmade or engineered) source? aspirin, steroids, procaine
What examples come from biological (molds or bacteria) source? antibiotics, ergot
What is the FDA's role in drug approval? The FDA would approve a drug and advise medical professionals of the side effects of the drug.
What is the FDA's role in drug monitoring? Monitoring of the FDA-approved drugs continues as long as the drug is on the market so that adverse reactions can be reported and documented for further investigation.
Describe a veterinarian/client/patient relationship. Animals need to be seen and examined by a veterinarian, who assumes responsibility for making clinical assessments based on sufficient knowledge about the health of the animals and their need for treatment and follow-up care.
Explain the difference between C-I , C-II, C-III, C-IV, and C-V drugs. The higher the drugs schedule, the lower risk of abuse potential.
What are some examples of Schedule IV (C-IV) drugs? butorphanol, diazepam, phenobarbital
What are some examples of Schedule V (C-V) drugs? codeine cough syrups, buprenophrine, diphenoxylate
Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) enforces the control of these drugs through the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970
Extra-Label Drug the use of a drug in a manner not specifically described on the FDA-approved label
Food and Drug Administration (FDA) a government agency to enforce the federal Pure Food and Drugs Act of 1906
Kinetics medical term for the scientific study of motion
Over-the-Counter (OTC) Drugs drugs that may be purchased by the client without a prescription
Pharmacodynamics studying the mechanisms of action of a drug and understanding the interactions between the chemical components of living systems and the drugs that enter those systems
Pharmacokinetics studying the absorption, distribution, biotransformation (metabolism), and excretion of drugs
Pharmaocology study of drugs
Pharmacotherapeutics study of drug use in the treatment of disease
Pharmacotherapy treatment of disease with medicines
Prescription Drugs (FDA regulates) limited to use under the supervision of a veterinarian or physician because of their potential danger, toxicity concerns, administration difficulty, or other considerations
Veterinarian/Client/Patient animals need to be seen and examined by a veterinarian, who assumes responsibility for making clinical assessments based on sufficient knowledge about the healthy of the animals and their need for treatment and follow-up care
Biologics (USDA regulates) therapeutic agents derived from living organisms, such as vaccines, antibodies, and toxoids
Controlled Substances drugs considered dangerous because of their potential for human abuse or misuse
Drug a substance used to treat, prevent, or diagnose disease in animals
What are some examples of Schedule I (C-I) drugs? heroin, LSD, marijuana
What are some examples of Schedule II (C-II) drugs? cocaine, morphine, amphetamines, codeine
What are some examples of Schedule III (C-III) drugs? hydrocodone, ketamine
Created by: KTHindsCC