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A&P

A&P CH 6 & 7 review

QuestionAnswer
What are the five types of leukocytes? Lymphocytes,neutrophils,eosinophils,basophils,&monocytes.
What is autologous transfusion? collecting and recieving a persons own blood.
What is homologous transfusion? Recieving someone elses blood.
Where does the O2 and CO2 exchange happen? in the Alveoli.
What is the fluid portion of the blood called? Plasma
What is the difference between plasma and serum? Plasma is the liquid portion of your blood and serum is the clear sticky fluid in the blood tube after being drawn and spun down.
Which blood type is the universal donar? O
Which blood type is the universal recipient? AB
Which virus causes mononucleosis? Epstein-Barr
What is the name of the lymph nodes in the neck? Cervical
What is the name of the lymph nodes in the underarm? Axilary
What is the name of the lymp nodes in the groin? Inguinal
Where are the adenoids located? in the nasal pharynx
What are adenoids made out of? Lymphatic tissue
What are the major organs of the respiratory system? Nasal cavity,pharynx,larynx,trachea,bronchial tubes,and lungs.
What are the three parts of the pharynx? Upper nasopharynx,middle oropharynx,and lower laryngopharynx.
Superior above
inferior below
What tube connects the pharynx and bronchi? Trachea
What is the difference between sputum and phlegm? Sputum is mucus specifically coughed up from the lungs. Phlegm is mucus coming from any where else,i.e whats blown out of your nose.
What is the pupose of the diaphragm? It is the muscle of breathing, and it separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominal cavity.
What is tracheostomy? Surgical procedure to make an opening in the trachea to create a permanent (more than a day)airway and a tube placed to keep it patent.
What is a tracheotomy? a surgical incision into trachea.
What does a cytology test check for? Cancer cells.
What does a culture and sensitivity check for? The culture tests for infection and the sensitivity tells us which medication the infection is sensitive to.
plasty Surgical repair
ectomy Surgical removal of
scopy visually examining
stenosis narrowing
rrhea discharge,runny
gram record of
itis inflammation,infection
algia pain
oma tumor,mass
thoraco chest
Lymphadeno lymph gland,lymph node
Lymphangio lymph vessels
Rhino nose
windpipe laymens term for trachea
voice box laymens tern for larynx
What do platelets make? Thromboplastin
What types of coagulents does the blood make? Fibrim,thrombin and prothrombrin
Active acquired immunity immunity developing after direct exposure to a pathogen.
Agglutino Clumping
anemia reduction of RBC's
antigen foriegn substance that activates the immune system
apnea not breathing
atelectasis lung tissue collapses
auscultation listening to the sounds of the body through a stethascope.
bronchitis an acute or chronic inflammation of the lower respiratory tract
Cardiologist treats diseases of the cardiovascular system.
Croup acute viral respiratory infection common in infants and young children characterized by a hoarse cough
Differential blood test count of different kinds of WBC's in blood
dyspnea difficult labored breathing
Emphysema pulmonary condition that can occur as a result of long term heavy smoking. cant breath unless sitting or standing
empyema pus within the pleural space.
epistaxis nose bleed
fibrin whitish protein formed by the action of thrombin and fibrinogen, which is the basis for blood clotting.
hematocrit test blood test to measure the volume of RBC's within the total volume of blood.
Hematologist treats conditions of the blood
Hemaglobin blood test measuring the amount of hemaglobin in the RBC's tests for anemia
hemophilia hereditary blood disease in which there is a prolonged blood clotting time
hemostasis to stop bleeding
leukemia cancer of WBC's, results in a large number of abnormal WBC's circulating in the blood.
lymphadenitis inflammation of the lymph glands
monospot test of infectious mononucleous in which there is a nonspecfic antibody called heterophile antibody
Palpation to feel and check for lumps and/or hardness
pathogenic something taken in that makes you sick
percussion use of the fingertips to tap the body lightly and sharply
phagocyte neutrophil component of the blood,has the abilty to ingest and destroy bacteria (pac man)
phlebotomist someone who draws blood for diagnostics.
pleural effusion abnormal presence of fluid or gas in the pleural cavity.
pneumo lung
pneumothorax collecting of air or gas in the pleural cavity
polycythemia vera production of too many RBC's in the bone morrow.
prothrombin time test measurement of the time it takes for a sample of blood to coagulate.
pulmonary adema condition in which lung tissue retains an excessive amount of fluid
pulmonary embolism blood clot or air bubble in the pulmonary artery or one of its branches.
rales squeak,you can hear it in the lungs it sounds like bubbles poping,crackling
rhonchi snoring
spirometry using a device to measure breathing capacity of the lungs
stridor harsh,high pitched,noisy breathing sound made when theres an obstruction of the bronchus or larynx
thrombocytopenia too many platelets
Thromboplastin released by the platelets,reacts with prothrombin to form thrombin
Total lung compacity the volume of air in the lungs after a maximal inhalation
vital capacity the total volume of air that can be exhaled after a maximum inhalation.
Created by: Lisa Griffin