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Canine Health

Canine vaccinations and common diseases

QuestionAnswer
Age to start vaccination program 6-8 weeks
Age to give rabies vaccine 12-16 weeks
Rabies is always this. Fatal
Build up immune system protection Vaccination boosters
Only vaccine required by law Rabies
Another vaccine recommended in this area Lymes
Subcutaneous injection (SQ) Under the skin
Intramuscular injection (IM) Into the muscle
After the firat year, vaccination boosters are recommended at this interval Every 3 years
Every 3 years after the first year Requirement for Rabies vaccine
Vaccines that should be given to every dog Core
Vaccines only recommended for certain dogs Noncore
Vaccination given into the nose Intranasal
Sterile water for vaccines that need to be reconstituted Diluent
Lymes Disease Bacterial
Rabies Disease Viral
Ringworm Disease Fungal
Coccidiosis Protozoan
A viral disease Cannot be treated with anitibiotics
A bacterial disease Can be treated with antibiotics
Rocky Mt. Spotted Fever or Anaplasmosis Rickettsial
Lethargy Inactivity
Anorexia Not eating
Incubation of a disease Time from exposure to an infection until symptoms of disease show up
Neurological problems Brain or spinal cord problems that affect movement
Paralysis Loss of leg and body movement
Pre-exposure vaccine Vaccine given before exposure to a disease to protect animal from contracting it.
Zoonotic Disease which can be transmitted to humans from animals
Parasite Organism that lives off an animal either internally or externally
Wingless animals that jump and seek heat to survive Fleas
Fleas Feed on blood of animal
Wingless insects that attach to animal by embedding their mouth into the skin Tick
Mites May live on skin, hair coat or in the ears of an animal
Transmitting a disease Passing a disease to another organism by either direct contact, throught the air or through a bite
Scabies Infestation of sarcoptes mite on a human
Hair loss Alopcia
Used to determine if skin mites are present Skin scraping viewed under the microscope
Lice Tiny insects that live on the hair
Used to treat lice Topical insecticides
Demodex mite One cause of hair loss
Mosquito Carries and transmits Heartworm
Fills heart and lungs with spaghetti like parasite Heartworm
Roundworms or Ascarids Most common intestinal parasites of dogs and puppies
This parasite may be contracted by eggs penetrating their pads and skin Hookworm
Whipworm Hard to control because they live in the soil for years
Tapeworm Flea commonly transmits this internal parasite
Most obvious symptom is seeing a rice-like segment called a proglottid, in the feces Tapeworm
Used to treat internal parasite infestation Anthelmintics
Best diagnosis tool to identify internal parasites Fecal exam
A bite from a flea or contact with flea saliva. May cause an allergic reaction
Created by: mmill