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Digestive systems

Digestive tracts and their parts & functions

QuestionAnswer
Where food is taken in and chewed Mouth
Tube that transports food from mouth to stomach Esophogus
First compartment in a ruminant stomach Rumen
Where bacteria ferments food Rumen
Ruminant stomach compartment where food goods before rumination Reticulum
Re-chewing food Rumination
Ruminant stomach compartment also known as the "Honeycomb" Reticulum
Examples of ruminants Goats, sheep, cattle
Examples of monogastrics Humans, dogs, pigs, cats
Organisms that aid in digestion Enzymes
Peristalsis Muscle contractions that help move food down the esophogus
What happens in the mouth Teeth break down food mechanically, saliva is added
Purpose of saliva Moistens and lubricates food
Enzymes Organisms that help break down food
Cardia Located in monogastric (nonruminant) digestive systems. Prevents food from moving back
Compartment in monogastrics that mixes food with hydrochloric acid to break it down Stomach
Compartment in ruminants that contains hydrochloric acid & is known as the "true stomach" Abomasum
List the four compartments of the ruminant stomach in order Rumen, reticulum, omasum, abomasum
Part of the digestive system where nutrients are absorbed Small intestine
Part of the monogastric digestive system where water is absorbed Large intestine
2 places in the ruminant digestive system where water is absorbed Omasum, large intestine
Where bile is produced Liver
Where extra bile is stored Gall Bladder
The process of how fast or slow your body breaks down food Metabolism
Filters out toxins in the bloodstream (like alcohol in humans) Liver
Where insulin ad enzymes are produced Pancreas
Fluid produced by the liver that aids in digestion Bile
Part of the ruminant digestive system that helps to further break down food after it leaves the stomach Cecum
Where birds store food to be digested later Crop
Part of the poultry digestive system where food is mechanically broken down Gizzard
The part of the poultry digestive system that secretes acid to break down food Proventriculus
Helps to break down fiber in birds (although is not very important) Ceca
Junction in birds where digestive, reproductive, and urinary tracts all meet Cloaca
Point in birds where urine and feces are eliminated Vent
"Holding spot" for manure in ruminants and monogastrics before it leaves the body Rectum
The "exit" point for manure Anus
Created by: smarcus