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Animal Nutrition

7 Essential Nutrients

Nutrients help with these 4 processes Growth, reproduction, production, maintenence
Most important nutrient Water
Regulates body temperature Water
Helps digestion Water
Dissolves nutrients Water
Eliminates waste Water
Complex forms include cellulose and lignin Carbohydrates
Provides energy for body cells Carbohydrates
"Leftovers" are stored as fat Carbohydrates
Simple forms include sugars & starches Carbohydrates
Sources include oats, corn, wheat, barley, & legumes Carbohydrates
Only nutrient that provides nitrogen Protein
Builds muscle, skin, hair, and organs Protein
Grouped into essential & nonessential Protein
Sources include legumes & soybean meal Protein
Helps regulate functions like digestion & metabolism Vitamins
C & B-complex are water soluble forms Vitamins
A, D, E, & K are fat soluble forms Vitamins
Sources include supplements and pasture Vitamins
Helps develop bones, tissues, & teeth Minerals
"Macro" means it's needed in large amounts Minerals
"Micro" means that it's needed in small amounts Minerals
Examples of "Macro" elements include Calcium (Ca), Magnesium (Mg), Sodium (Na), and Potassium (K) Minerals
Examples of "Micro" elements include Iron (Fe), Zinc (Zn), and Selenium (Se) Minerals
Sources include mineral blocks MInerals
Has 2.5 times more energy than carbohydrates Fat
Also known as lipids Fat
Stores energy Fat
Sources include corn & soybeans Fat
Helps with rumen function in ruminants Fiber
Helps with milk fat production in lactating animals Fiber
Helps keep an animal's bowels "regular" Fiber
Sources include hay, pasture, and grain Fiber
Subcategories include simple & complex Carbohydrates
Cushions organs Fat
Subcategories include water & fat soluble Vitamins
Subcategories include macro & micro Minerals
Transports fat soluble vitamins Fat
Acts as insulation to keep body heat in Fat
Created by: smarcus