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Frosh Horse Science

Mature Male Stallion
Mature female Mare
Young male Colt
Young female Filly
Castrated male Gelding
Newborn (young of either sex) Foal
Parturition Foaling
Latin name Equine
Gestation length 11 months
Top 5 horse states Texas, Oklahoma, California, Kentucky, Florida
Primary use for horses Recreation
The percentage of horses used for pleasure 75%
The percentage of horses used in ranching, racing, breeding 25%
The number of horses in the US Over 10 million
5 major uses of horses Pleasure, breeding, working stock, show, sport
3 classes of horses Ponies, light horses, draft horses
Class of horse used primarily for riding and driving Ponies
Breeds include Welsh and Shetland Ponies
Class of horse used for riding, driving, and racing Light horses
Breeds include Arabian and Quarter Horse Light horses
Class of horse used primarily for heavy work Draft horses
Breeds include Belgian and Clydesdale Draft horses
How horse height is measured Hands
1 hand equals 4 inches
Tack The horse's equipment
Examples of tack Saddle, bridle, halter
Types of riding English & Western
Gaits General term for movement of horse's feet when in motion
Soundness Freedom from any physical defects, such as lameness
The four gaits Walk, trot/jog, canter/lope, gallop
Large stall where horses have freedom to move, turn around, and lay down Box stall
Narrow stall where a horse can lay down, but can't move around. Tie stall
Farrier Someone who takes care of a horse's feet
The process of removing internal parasites Deworming
This breed came from the Shetland Isles near Scotland Shetland Pony
This breed ranges in height from 7 hands to 10.2 hands, has a thick coat and short legs, and is very intelligent Shetland Pony
Uses of the Shetland Pony Driving, pony rides, petting zoos, children's riding
This breed originated in Wales, UK Welsh Pony
This breed can be as tall as 13.2 hands, can be any color except paint, and is known for being very lively and intelligent Welsh Pony
Uses of the Welsh Pony Driving, children's riding
This "hot blooded" breed originated in the middle east Arabian
This breed has a "dished" face, is 14.1 to 15.1 hands high, and comes in grey, bay, chestnut, black, and roan colors Arabian
Uses of Arabian Showing, eventing, reining, cutting, dressage, endurance, show jumping, equitation, trail riding, and ranch work
This breed originated in England during the 1800s after crossbreeding with Arabians Thoroughbred
This breed has a long, lean body; a refined, elegant head; and stands between 14.3 to 17.0 hands Thoroughbred
Uses for Thoroughbred Hunter/jumper, fox hunting, racing, breeding, eventing, dressage
This breed stands between 14.1 and 15.1 hands and commonly is black, bay, or chestnut in color Morgan
This breed originated in Vermont Morgan
Uses of Morgan Hunter/jumper, dressage, reining, cutting, endurance, driving
This breed is known for a smaller size, sturdiness, and hardiness. Can run a quarter mile really quickly Quarter horse
This breed is the most popular breed in the US and is known for having an easy going personality Quarter horse
Uses of Quarter horse Racing, rodeo performances, polo, ranch work
This breed originated in Belgium, stands 17 hands high, and is chestnut is a flaxen mane & tail Belgian
This breed was originally a war horse, but is now used for farm work and heavy pulling Belgian
This Scottish breed stands between 16.2 and 18 hands and is known for being a hard, diligent worker Clydesdale
This breed generally bay with white stockings & a blaze with heavy feathering from the knee down Clydesdale
Uses of Clydesdale Driving, logging, ranch work, riding
This breed originated in Normandy Percheron
This breed stands between 17 and 18 hands and is grey or black in color (sometimes brown) Percheron
This known for elegance, willingness to work, and ease of handling Percheron
Uses of Percheron Dressage, hay rides, sleigh rides, competitive hitch and halter classes, breeding
Created by: smarcus



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