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VTT Dentistry week 2

Dental Disease recognition Ch. 1&2

What are the primary teeth also know as? deciduous or baby teeth
interceptive orthodontics the process of extracting primary teeth when it appears they will cause orthodontic malocclusions
cranial mandibular osteodystrophy occurs primarily in what breed// West Highland White terriers
A class 2 occlusion is said to occur when? the mandible is shorter than normal
The condition known as Maxillary brachygnathism is caused by what? A shortened maxilla
What is a wry bite? condition in which the centrally incisors of the mandible and maxilla do not align evenly
Gingivitis inflammation of the gingiva
periodontitis disease disease of the surrounding tissues of the tooth
________ normally resists staining, whereas ________ is porous and stains easily Enamel, dentin
What causes abrasions? friction of the teeth against an external object such as hair or a tennis ball
What causes attritions? friction of teeth against each other
What causes enamel hypoplasia? conditions that cause a temporary debilitation of the patient, such as a fever
What is enamel hypoplasia? incomplete development or underdevelopment of the enamel of the teeth
Endodontics the treatment of diseases inside the mouth
A fracture that has penetrated enamel and dentin and involved the pulp chamber should be treated how? Extraction or endodontic therapy/root canal
What is the most common fracture of the 4th premolar? slab fracture aka Class 3-b or complicated crown-root fracture
What does purple discoloration of the tooth indicate? hemorrhage in the pulp
What is an avulsion the displacement of the tooth from the socket,
In the past tooth resorption has be know by the names... feline ondontoclastic resorptive lesion syndrome, cervical line lesions, or neck lesions
_______ tumors generally do not spread deep into tissue or metastasize into lymph nodes or lungs Benign
As with most oral malignancies clients may first notice a minor change such as? bad breath or oral bleeding
Prophalaxysis is performed on? patients with healthy stage 1 or 2 periodontal disease
periodontal therapy is performed on? patients with stage 3 or 4 periodontal disease
The second step of the dental prophalaxysis is? removal of supragingival gross calculus
A fairly quick method for removing supragingival calculus would be? calculus removal forceps
Ultrasonic instruments can cause damage to the teeth by? mechanical etching or thermal heating
What is required to prevent overheating of the teeth and damage to the pulp? Water flow
When using an ultrasonic scaler the operator should use a ______ touch. keeping the _____________________________ light, tip moving around the circumference of the tooth and not stopping on any area
What is the method used to hold dental instruments? the modified pen grasp
gentle irrigation of the sulcus, flushes out trapped ______ and __________ the intra sulcular fluids. debris; oxygenates
Why should radiographs be taken? to evaluate the dental and bony structures for periodontal bone loss, root canal disease, and other conditions
What are the 8 things you are checking during the oral exam? 1. normal occlusion ( the way the teeth fit together 2.Gingiva 3.Pharynx 4.Tonsils 5.Sublingual 6. cheeks 7. teeth 8. complete visualization of the oral cavity
What question should you always ask owners or dolichocephalic animals?? Have you noticed food coming out of the nose?
How should the gingiva appear on examination? nice and pink NOT RED!!!
What are you looking for when examining the pharynx? inflammation
What are you looking for when examining the tonsils? inflammation
What are you looking for when examining sublingually?? masses, swelling, kissing lesions
Pedodontics specializing in the teeth of babies
Exodontics extractions
Oral surgery removing masses, splitting the palate
Periodontics structures around the teeth (possibly abscesses etc...)
Restorative/ operative dentistry root canals/rebuilding the teeth
Endodontics root canal therapy
pocket pet dentistry trimming teeth of rabbits, rats, mice etc...
Anodontia/ adontia absence of teeth
Retained deciduous teeth are also called persistent primary teeth
What does BDLD stand for? Big dog little dog - referring to a fight between
Cranial Mandibular Osteodystrophy non- cancerous disorder, hereditary, common in west highland white terriers, affects the jaw bone
Supernumerary teeth extra teeth in the mouth
Feline stomatitis also know as FORL feline ondontoclastic resorptive leisons/ cervical lesions
What is the primary cause of enamel hypoplasia? fever, often caused by parvo or distemper
Where is it most common to find foreign bodies in the mouth? palatal aspect
Luxation partial displacement
Avulsion complete displacement
oral nasal fistula abnormal opening into the nasal cavity from the mouth
Granulomas benign extra tissue, caused by periodontal disease
Iatrogenic orthodontic disease is caused by what? Attempts to correct orthodontic problems
Is gingivitis reversible? yes
Is periodontitis reversible? NO
What can feline stomatitis be a symptom of? other auto immune dysfunction, test for FIV/FELV
Classify this fracture: Chip fracture, enamel loss Fx-1 or EF Jagged line written in dental chart
Classify this fracture: uncomplicated drown fracture, visible fracture through enamel and dentin Fx2 or UCF
Classify this fracture: Uncomplicated crown root fracture- enamel and dentin compromised below the gum line Fx2b or UCRF
Classify this fracture: Complicated crown fracture- enamel, dentin, and pulp chamber above the gum line Fx3 or CCF
Classify this fracture: Complicated crown root fracture, enamel, dentin, and pulp chamber below the gum line Fx3b or CCRF or SLAB fracture
Classify this fracture: Root fracture Fx4 or RF unsalvageable tooth
Created by: Adeprey4311