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Intro Terms

Dog Obedience

Anthropomorphism Giving nonhuman things, human characteristics.
Behavior Any activity that is or can be made voluntary through conditioning.
Biological evolution The process of change and diversification of living things over time.
Brisket The sternum (breastbone), in some breeds it's the entire thorax.
Canine hip dysplasia An abnormality of the ball and socket joint of the hip.
Carpus (the carpal joint) The bones in the wrist.
Chest The part of the body or the trunk that's enclosed by the ribs.
Companion Dog (CD) The Novice title that is awarded through the AKC. You earn this by achieving three qualifying scores in three different trials by three different judges.
Companion Dog Excellent (CDX) The Open title, awarded through the AKC, earned after you complete the CD.
Croup The region of the pelvic girdle, formed by the sacrum and surrounding tissue.
Cynologist A person who studies dogs.
Domestication The ability of animals to live in an environment controlled by humans.
Dominance Referring to the relative position of an individual in a social hierarchy.
Ecology The interrelationship of organisms and their environment.
Elbow The joint in the front lg where the upper arm meets the forearm.
Ethology The study of whole patterns of animal behavior in natural environments, stressing the analysis of adaptation and the evolution of the patterns.
Flews The pendulous lateral part of the upper lip, particularly at the inner corners.
Forearm The portion of the forelimb between the upper arm and the carpus, including the radius and the ulna.
Genetic drift Refers to evolutionary variation due to accidents of chance.
Hip The joint where the femur (thigh bone) fits into the pelvic girdle.
Hock The collection of bones of the hind leg forming the joint between the second thigh and the metatarsus; equivalent to a humans ankle.
Lips The fleshy portions of the upper and lower jaws covering the teeth.
Loin The area of the body behind the ribs and before the hip.
Morphology The form and structure of an organism or any of its parts.
Mutation A basic, significant, and relatively permanent change in the genetic makeup of an organism.
Muzzle The head in front of the eyes, including nasal bones, nostrils, and jaws.
National Association of Dob Obedience Instructors (NADOI) An organization for qualified obedience instructors, as well as an educational resource.
Natural selection A natural process that results in the survival and reproductive success of individuals or groups best adjusted to the surrounding environment.
Obedience Trial Champion (OTC) The highest title in obedience competition.
Occiput The dorsal, posterior point of the skull.
Pastern The metacarpal boners of the front leg between the carpus and the foot and the metatarsal bones and the hind leg between the hock and the foot.
Positive reinforcement Strengthening a behavior by presenting a desirable consequence.
Schutzhund A comprehensive test initially developed to evaluate the German Shepherd Dog for breeding and working purposes. Now a popular sport, Schutzhund trials test a working dog's abilities in tracking, obedience, and protection work.
Shoulder The joint in the forequarters formed where the shoulder blade and arm meet.
Stifle The joint of the hind leg between the thigh and the second thigh; the equivalent of the human knee.
Symbiosis The ability of organisms to live together in a mutually beneficial environment.
Tail set How the tail base sets on the rump.
Taxonomy The classification of organisms into different categories on the basis of their individual physical, genetic, and biochemical relationships to one another.
Thigh A dog's outline from just behind the withers to the tail set.
Topline A dog's outline from just behind the withers to the tail set.
Tuck up A noticeably shallow loin depth; equivalent to being small
Utility Dog (UD) Awarded through the AKC, earned after completing the CD and CDX titles.
Utility Dog Excellent (UDX) Awarded through the AKC after completing the UD title.
Withers The area along the spine between the uppermost portion of the shoulder blades.
Created by: tristanichole



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