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VTT Dentistry

week one VTT Dentistry

Dental formula for the puppy 2 x ( 3/3i, 1/1c, 3/3p)=28
Dental formula for the adult dog 2 x ( 3/3I, 1/1C, 4/4P, 2/3M)=42
Dental formula for the kitten 2 x ( 3/3i, 1/1c, 3/2p)=26
Dental formula for the adult cat 2 x ( 3/3i, 1/1c, 3/2p, 1/1)=30
Crown Portion the tooth the extends above the gum line
enamel Produced by ameloblasts during development, hardest substance in body, only above the gum line
can enamel regenerate if damaged?? no
neck of tooth indentation at the gum line
root portion of tooth below the gum line
Apex tip of the tooth/root ( Apical delta/ foramen
Cementum Calcified connective tissue that surrounds the tooth subgingivally, attaches the periodontal ligament from tooth to bone
Can cementum repair itself if damaged? yes
Coronal towards the crown of the tooth (directional term
Cusp Tip of the crown/tooth
Dentin Produced by odontoblasts which continue to produce dentin throughout the animals life
What makes up the bulk of the tooth in a mature animal? dentin
Pulp chamber nerves, blood vessels, connective tissue, is "vital" portion of the tooth
Alveolar bone Cancellous bone the directly surrounds the tooth and roots, cavity/socket in the jaw bone
Gingiva "gum" tissue, surrounds the teeth
gingiva sulcus Located at the "neck" or margin of the crown, a flap the covers the teeth
pocket diseased tissue
Alveolar mucosa Dense keratinized tissue covering the bone
socket Where teeth are held in place by alveolar bone; cribriform plate
Furcation Area where the root joins the crown
Periodontal ligament Fibrous structure attached to cementum that attaches to the tooth, structure to tear in order for extraction to occur
Apical delta Branches of the root canal at the apex of the tooth
Apical foramen The opening/s in the apex in which nerves and vessels pass into the root canal/ pulp chamber
Bifurcation 2 roots
Trifurcation 3 roots
Labial towards the lips
buccal towards the cheek
Lingual towards the tongue
Palatal towards the palate (roof of mouth)
interproximal area space between the teeth
Mesial toward the middle of the front of the jaw
Distal the more distant of two or more things, the end
Apical towards the apex (root of the tooth)
When do primary incisors erupt in a puppy? 3-4 weeks
When do primary canine teeth erupt in a puppy? 3 weeks
When do primary premolars erupt in a puppy? 4-12 WEEKS
Do puppies have primary molars? no
When do incisors erupt in an adult dog? 3-5 months
When do canine teeth and premolars erupt in an adult dog? 4-6 months
When to molars erupt in adult dogs? 5-7 months
When do primary incisors erupt in kittens? 2-3 weeks
When do primary canine teeth erupt in kittens? 3-4 weeks
When do primary premolars erupt in kittens? 3-5 weeks
When do incisors erupt in an adult cat? 3-4 months
When do canine teeth erupt in an adult cat? 4-5 months
When do premolars erupt in an adult cat? 4-6 months
When do molars erupt in an adult cat? 4-5 months
Anatomic numbering system uses letters and number of tooth
Triadan system divides mouth into 4 quadrants
What would the upper right quadrant be called using the triadan system 1
upper left quadrant using triadan systen 2
lower left quadrant using triadan system 3
Lower right quadranr using triadan system 4
Maxilla upper jaw
Mandible lower jaw
Do cats have maxillary premolars? Do you count them?/ no,yes
Do cats have mandibular 1st and 2nd premolars? Do you count them? no, yes
What are the 4 parts of a dental hand tool? handle, shank, terminal shank, working end
Periodontal probe used to measure depth of the gingival sulcus in mm
explorers used to examine surface of tooth for irregularities
Scalers has 2-3 sharp sides and a sharp tip, has a hook shape
curette has 2 sharp sides and a round/curved tip/toe used to remove calculus both supragingivally and subgingivally
can a scalers be used subgingivally? no
extraction forceps shaped like a lobster claw
Calculus removal forceps shaped like a hammer and anvil
Dental elevators used to tear the periodontal ligament in order to extract a tooth
how can you tell if a hand instrument needs to be sharpened the working end will reflect light
What are 2 types of sharpening stones? Arkansas and India
Which is coarser Arkansas or India sharpening stones? India
How does the ultrasonic scalers work? converts electrical/pneumonic energy into mechanical vibration, converts energy from power to sound waves picked up by the hand piece, turning it into a vibration
Created by: Adeprey4311



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