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The Persian empire

QuestionAnswer
Who were the two close people that had migrated from Central Asia to Persia before 1000 B.C.E? The Persians and the Medes.
What language did the Persians and Medes speak? They spoke Indo-european, and there movements were mostly part of the Indo-European migrations.
Who were the distant cousins of the Medes and the Persians? They shared cultural traits with the Aryans.
How was there empire organized? They had organized themselves by clans rather than states, and political institutions. However, they recognized leaders that collected taxes and worshiped there Mesopotamian lords.
What did they exceed in? They had a very large military, they were very skilled in horse riding, as well as being great archers. They were able to attack wealthy lands of Mesopotamia.
Who did they constantly challenge? The babylonian and Assyrian empires.
Who was cyrus? He had launched the Persians venture, he was called Cyrus the shepherd but proved to be tough and excelled as a military strategist. Above all, being a great leader.
What occurred in 558 B.C.E and 548 B.C.E? Cyrus had become leader of Persia and he had Iran under his control.
What were Cyrus's achievements? He began to conquer more lands and within 20 years he became king of an empire that stretched from India all he way to the borders of Egypt.
Who reigned after the death of Cyrus? His son Cambyses had reigned the kingdom from 530-520 B.C.E, during 525 B.C.E he had conquered the lands of Egypt and brought all of its wealths to Persia.
Which realm was the largest empire? Darius (reigned 521-486 B.C.E.); largest extent of empire; population thirty-five million
What occurred in 520 B.C.E? Darius began to build a new capital at Persepolis.
What did Persepolis serve as? As an administrative center and a monument to the Achaemenid dynasty, as well as the nerve center of the Persian Empire.
How did Darius divide his realm? In twenty three satrapies which were appointed by a central government.
What was there standardization? Consisted of coins and laws.
Which were there communication systems of Darius realm? The Persian Royal Road and postal stations.
What caused the Achaemenid empire to fall? Law, Justice administration had led to political stability and public works.
Who ruled during 486-465 B.C.E? Xerxes retreated from the toleration of cultural tolerances and caused a rebellion between Egypt and the people in Mesopotamia.
What occurred during the Persian wars? Rebellion of Ionian Greeks.
Who invaded Persia in 334 B.C.E? Alexander of Macedon had burned the city of Persepolis, and the battle Gaugamela caused the end of the Achaemenid empire in 331 B.C.E.
Created by: cynthia3102