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Anthropology -Review

Chapters 2-5 Study Test Review

QuestionAnswer
What is Anthropology? The study of humans 1.Archaeology = Past human groups 2. Cultural = Religion, Lifestyle, values, tradition, Rituals... 3. Linguistic = Human language; Translators, Language, Preservation, ESL... 4. Physical/Biology = Human fossils, human remains.
What is the definition of culture? and What are the 4 characteristics? A system of symbols shared by a human group. 1.It Is SYMBOLIC 2. It Is LEARNED 3. It Is SHARED 4. It CHANGES over time.
How do Anthropologists study culture? Through fieldwork and holistic views. Comparative and emic/etic perspectives as well; The Nacirema in example.
What is fieldwork? When you go to a place and spend a long time with people we study.
Holism/Holistic LOOK AT THE BIG PICTURE!
Comparative Final Difference, similarity, and ask why!
Interdisciplinary The blending of methods.
Emic and Etic Emic: An insider's perspective. An inside view. Etic: An outsider's view.
Incummensubability Very hard to understand a cultural practice
Ethnocentrism Bias that your culture is the BEST!
Cultural Reletivism Suspend BIAS to better understand a DIFFERENT WAY OF LIFE.
Who Is Bronislaw Malinowski? He created participant observation and wrote "Argonauts of the Pacific" in 1922. He went to the Trobriand Islands and encouraged others to "Stay a long time, learn the local language, and explore the mundane imponderabilia of every day life"
What is Functionalism? -A micro view of society -Each cultural custom serves as functions for individuals.
Who are the Historical Anthropologists? 1. A.R. Radcliffe Brown 2. E.E Evans Pritchard 3. Margaret Mead 4. Nancy Shepher-Hughes 5. Annette Weiner
A.R. Radcliffe -He did the Andaman Islands Research (Near Australia) -He wrote the "Andaman Islanders" in 1906 -Lived an upper-class lifestyle (Structural Functionalism)
What is Structural Functionalism? - "Macro" view of society; All of society's structures serves a specific function. -Remove Structures = Society falls APART!
E.E. Evans Pritchard - He wrote "The Nuer" in 1940. - His research was in Sudan, Africa -
Created by: Garagarza