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Urinary System

Urinary System & Disorders

Five structures of the urinary system Kidneys, ureters, bladder, urethra, vulva/penis
Two immediate structures not involved in the urinary system Uterus/ovaries and testes
Ren/o Used to describe – renal pelvis, renal disease
Nephr/o Used to describe pathologic conditions – nephritis
Cortex Outer layer of the kidney contains the nephrons
Medulla Middle layer of the kidney contains the collecting tubules
Nephron The functional unit of the kidney
Glomerulus Cluster of capillaries that filter blood
Renal Pelvis Where the nephrons collect entering the ureters
Calyx Irregular cup like spaces that collect urine
Hilus Point of attachment of renal blood vessels, nerves and ureters
Retroperitoneal Kidneys are located retroperitoneally. Located between the lining of the abdominal cavity
Created by: Libelle