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Hort-248 Terms

Glossary of Terms from "Flower Arranger's Garden" at CCC

annual any plant which completes its entire life cycle in one year, then dies.
anther pollen bearing portion of flower, carried by filament. may be fixed or versatile.
biennial any plant which completes its life cycle in two years.
botanical name names which are specific to each type of plant. most often Latin, occasionally Greek.
bract modified leaf beneath a flower.
calyx small protective leaf or outer case around a flower. most are green or same color as stems of plant.
cambium living layer of cells under bark of woody shrubs. transport nutrients and waste up and down branches and trunk of plant.
common name a name given over time via popular usage; not standardized.
conditioning process of preparing harvested plant material for floral design.
cultivar "cultivated variety;" refers to group of cultivated plants w/i a species that are distinguishable by one or more characteristics, which are retained wht plant is propagated vegetatively, rather than by seed.
disbudding removing side buds to encourage formation of large terminal flowers, or removal of terminal bud to produce more numerous side buds.
double flowers flowers w/ multiple rows of petals.
filament stem or stalk that carries anther.
floral tape can be stretchy, sticky tape used for covering wires and constructing corsages, boutonnieres, wired bouquets; or tape used for securing floral foam or liners into contains, which has a strong water-proof adhesive and heavier cloth backing.
floret small flower, usually grouped together on a stem, to form a larger flower cluster.
flower frogs any of a variety of items placed in vases or other containers to hold flowers in place.
forcing act of manipulating a plant to get it into bloom at a time when it would not naturally bloom.
frost date approximate date of the last killing frost in spring or first killing frost in autumn.
average frost date in NW first frost is October 15, last frost is April 15.
hand-tied bouquet any bouquet constructed by arranging flowers and foliage in the hand.
herbaceous perennial non-woody plant which grows and blooms year after year, but is dormant (non-growing) in winter.
holding agent anything put in a vase or other container for the purpose of holding the flowers in place.
hybrid resulting offspring of two different species of plans w/i a genus that have been bred together.
native describes any plant which was growing in the Pacific NW before this area was colonized, and that is naturally occurring w/o cultivation.
nectary furrow groove down the middle of a petal (or sepal), which in some flowers carry a different color from the res of the petal.
nosegay fundamentally round and domed form of floral arrangement that should always include flowers which are fragrant.
oasis common brand name for green spongy substance used to hold flowers in place in arrangements; floral foam.
ovary part of flower where seeds form and unpollinated ovules wait for the pollen cells to move down the style so pollination can occur.
pedicle stalk that connects a single flower to main stem of plant.
peduncle stalk which holds a cluster of flowers to a main stem.
perennial any plant which grows and blooms year after year, and is hardy to winter weather in Pacific NW.
petiole stalk which holds a leaf onto the twigs or main stem of a plant.
pistol combined term for part of the flower that receives pollen (stigma), which then travels down the style to the ovary.
pollen normally a dusty or sticky substance on flower anthers.
preservative any of several formulas for powders or liquids added to the water of flower arrangements to both help the water stay fresh and help the flowers last longer.
scape leafless stem that arises from ground, usually bearing a flower or florets.
sepals individual sections of a calyx.
single flowers a blossom w/ a single row of petals.
spike flowers grouped alongside and growing directly from stem.
stamen filament and anther spoken of together.
stigma forms at the tip of the style and cathces pollen.
style extends from ovary, ending in the stigma.
transpiration water loss by evaporation from leaves, stems, and flowers.
var. stand for variant; sometimes included in a Latin plant name to indicate normal variation from recognized species type and that occurs naturally in wild populations.
variegated a plant that is striped, spotted, otherwise marked with a color other than green, usually used when speaking of foliage.
vase life measure of how long a cut flower will last in winter with or without preservative.
whorled arrangement of leaves or flowers in circular fashion around a stem.
woody perennials perennials that have hard and thickened stems or trunks which do not die back to the ground.
Created by: UtauxIkuto



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