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Sexual Reproduction

TermDefinition
progeny testing a test of the value for selective breeding of an individual's genotype by looking at the progeny produced by different matings.
donor cows The cow that is having its sperm or eggs removed
sperm the male reproductive cell
extenders a substance added to a product such as paint, ink, or glue, to dilute its color or increase its bulk
estrous cycle comprises the recurring physiologic changes that are induced by reproductive hormones in most mammalian therian females.
straws an agricultural by-product, the dry stalks of cereal plants
artificial vagina device used to stimulate ejaculation in male cows.
follicle stimulating hormone a hormone found in humans and other animals. It is synthesized and secreted by gonadotrophs of the anterior pituitary gland.
luteinizing hormone a hormone produced by gonadotroph cells in the anterior pituitary gland. In females, an acute rise of LH triggers ovulation and development of the corpus luteum
sire the male parent of an animal, especially a stallion or bull kept for breeding
motility the ability to move spontaneously and actively, consuming energy in the process.
artificial insemination the injection of semen into the vagina or uterus other than by sexual intercourse
embryo transfer procedure that follows in vitro fertilization (IVF) and is often considered the simplest and final step of the in vitro fertilization process. The objective is to facilitate conception following fertilization from the in vitro fertilization procedure.
quarantine a medical term for the act of keeping an object in enforced isolation for a period of time to limit or prevent the spread of disease or infection.
hormones any member of a class of signaling molecules produced by glands in multicellular organisms that are transported by the circulatory system to target distant organs to regulate physiology and behaviour.
superovulation also known as controlled ovarian hyperstimulation, is the process of inducing a woman to release more than one egg in a month
dam a barrier that impounds water or underground streams
corpus luteum is what is left of the follicle after a woman ovulates
follicle a small secretory cavity, sac, or gland, in particular.
semen an organic fluid that may contain spermatozoa.
sperm sexing used to produce offspring of the desired sex from a particular breeding in order to take advantage of difference in the value of males and females
protectant a substance that provides protection, e.g., against disease or ultraviolet radiation.
ejaculation the action of ejecting semen from the body
gonadotropin releasing hormone also known as luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) and luliberin, is a trophic peptide hormone responsible for the release of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) from the anterior pituitary.
recipient cows the cow that receives the semen or egg
flow cytometer a laser-based, biophysical technology employed in cell counting, cell sorting, biomarker detection and protein engineering, by suspending cells in a stream of fluid and passing them by an electronic detection apparatus.
conception the action of conceiving a child or of a child being conceived.
Created by: t_fleshman