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Pharmacology

Veterinary Antiparasitics

QuestionAnswer
Antinematodals Kill roundworms.
Benzimidazoles Not labelled for cats, do not get bots in horses, come as paste/liquid/granules
Thiabendazole, Mebendazole, Albendazole antinematodal benzimidazoles
Oxibendazole Authelcide
Febendazole Panacur, Safe Guard.
Oxfendazole Benzalmon
Organophosphates Used in cattle orally or topically, kill ectoparasites too (including bots in horses) Trichlorfon, Coumaphos, Dichlorvos. Atropine and 2-Pam are antidotes to overdose (salivation, v/d, muscle tremors, miosis
Tetrahydropimidines Antinematodals. Pyrantel pamoate, pyrantel tartrate, Morantel tartrate
Imidazothiozoles Antinematodals. Febantel, Levamisole
Avermectins DO NOT USE IVERMECTIN IN COLLIES/SHELTIES
Ivermectin Ivomec. Heartguard. Eqvalan. Do not inject in horses (bots), not safe in collies, off label for ear mites, cannot split heartguard chewables
Moxidectin Cydectin. Quest. Safe in collies, used for bots, use 2 times amount, careful in foals less than four months
Selamectin Revolution. Topical for roundworms, heartworm, fleas, ticks, mites. Hairloss at administration site in cats
Eprinomectin Eprinex. Pour on for cattle, similar as selamectin
Nitroscanate Lopatol. Broad spectrum antinematodal for dogs
Piperazine Pipatabs. Antinematodal, lots of resistance
Anticestodals Cats, dogs, equine tapeworms. Praziquantel (Droncit), Epsiprantel (Cestex)
Antitrematodals Albendazole (Valbenzen), praziquantel (Drontal)
Antiprotozoals Coccidia, giardia
monensin Rumensin. Bolus feed additive for cattle, caution in dogs and horses!!
Amprolium Amprol. Sulfa antibiotics, feed additives in cattle
Metronidazole Flagyl. Treats giardia
Albendazole Valbenzen.
Thiacetarsamide HW - adulticide
Melarsomine Immiticide. HW - adulticide
Ivermectin Heartguard. Monthly, HW - preventative, microfilaricide
Milbemycin Interceptor. Sentinel. Monthly, HW - preventative, microfilariacide
Selamectin Revolution. Monthly HW - preventative
DiethylCarbamazine Decacide. Daily HW - Preventative
Levamisole HW - microfilaricides
Imidacloprid (+/-) moxidectin Advantage. Advantage Multi. Once a month oil based flea adulticide
Lufenuron Program. Once a month, injectable/oral. Damages chitin in flea eggs, flea birth control, use with flea adulticides
Permithrin Large and small animal ectoparasite control. Adulticide (fleas, ticks, lice), topical/premise sprays, etc
Selamectin Revolution. Ectos
Ivermectin Ivomec. Ectos
Nitenpyram Capstar. Adulticide given daily until fleas are gone, label claim = 98% of fleas gone in 6 hours, all in 24 (caplet for dogs/cats)
Created by: jtwilks