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Pet Education

Abbreviations and Symbols

QuestionAnswer
Ab antibody
ACE angiotensin-converting-enzyme
ACL anterior cruciate ligament
ACT activated clotting time
ACTH adrenocorticotropic hormone
ADH antidiuretic hormone
ad lib as much as desired
ag antigen
AGID agar gel immunodiffusion
AI artificial insemination
AIHA autoimmune hemolytic anemia
ALP alkaline phosphatase
ALT alanine aminotransferase (SGPT)
ant. anterior
AP anterior posterior
APTT activated partial thromboplastin time
AST aspartate aminotransferase (SGOT)
ATP adenosine triphosphate
AV atrioventricular
AZT azidothymidine
BAL dimercaprol
bid twice a day
BMR basal metabolic rate
BP blood pressure
BSP sulfobromophthalein
BUN blood urea nitrogen
BW body weight
C cervical vertebrae (C1-C7)
ºC degree Celsius (centigrade)
Ca calcium
cal calorie(s)
CAT computerized axial tomography
CAV canine adenovirus
cc cubic centimeter
CCV canine coronavirus
CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
CDV canine distemper virus
CF cardiac failure, complement fixation
CHF congestive heart failure
CHV canine herpes virus
CK creatine kinase
Cl chloride
cm centimeter(s)
CMI cell-mediated immunity
CNS central nervous system
CO2 carbon dioxide
CPK creatinine phosphokinase
CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CPV canine parvovirus
CSF cerebrospinal fluid
Cu copper
cu cubic
DEA Drug Enforcement Agency
DES diethylstilbestrol
DIC disseminated intravascular coagulation
DJD degenerative joint disease
dL deciliter(s)
DM diabetes mellitus
DMSO dimethyl sulfoxide
DNA deoxyribonucleic acid
DOCP desoxycorticosterone pivalate
dx diagnosis
ECG electrocardiogram
ECP estradiol cypionate
EEG electroencephalogram
EFA essential fatty acids
eg for example
EIA enzyme immunoassay
EKG electrocardiogram
ELISA enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
EM electron microscopy
EPA Environmental Protection Agency
EPG eggs per gram (of feces)
EPO erythropoietin
ºF degree Fahrenheit
FA fatty acid, fluorescent antibody
FAD flea allergy dermatitis
FCP fragmented coronoid process
FCV feline calicivirus
FDA Food and Drug Administration
Fe iron
FeLV feline leukemia virus
FHV feline herpes virus
FIP feline infectious peritonitis
FIV feline immunodeficiency virus
FLUTD feline lower urinary tract disease
FOCMA feline oncovirus - associated cell membrane antigen
FRV feline rhinotracheitis virus
ft foot, feet
FUO fever of undetermined origin
FUS feline urologic syndrome (now termed feline lower urinary tract disease)
fx fracture
g gram(s)
gal gallon(s)
GDV gastric dilatation and volvulus
GH growth hormone
GI gastrointestinal
gm gram
gr grain(s)
H and E hematoxylin and eosin (stain)
HCL hydrochloride
HCT hematocrit
Hgb hemoglobin
HGE hemorrhagic gastroenteritis
HI hemagglutination inhibition
HOD hypertrophic osteodystrophy
HPF high-power field
hr hour(s)
I iodine
IBD inflammatory bowel disease
IC intracardiac
ICH infectious canine hepatitis
ID intradermal
IDDM insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
IDST intradermal skin test
ie that is
IFN interferon
Ig immunoglobulin (with class following: A, D, E, G, or M)
IHA indirect hemagglutination antibody
IM intramuscular(ly)
IN intranasal
in inch(es)
inf. inferior, infection
IP intraperitoneal(ly)
IU international unit(s)
IV intravenous(ly)
IVD intervertebral disc
IVP intravenous pyelogram, intravenous pyelogram, intravenous pyelography
K potassium
kcal kilocalorie(s)
KCS keratoconjunctivitis sicca
kg kilogram(s)
kVp kilovolt peak
L liter(s)
lat. lateral
lb pound(s)
LE lupus erythematosus
lg an large animal(s), ie, farm animals, horses
LPF low-power field
m meter(s)
M molar
MAOI monoamine oxidase inhibitor
Mcal megacalorie(s)
MCV mean corpuscular volume
ME metabolizable energy
med. medial, median
mEq milliequivalent(s)
µg microgram
Mg magnesium
mg milligram(s)
MIC minimum inhibitory concentration
min minute(s)
mL milliliter(s)
MLV modified live virus
mm millimeter(s)
Mn manganese
mo month(s)
mOsm milliosmol(s)
MRI magnetic resonance imaging
Na sodium
NAF no abnormalities found
ng nanogram(s)
nm nanometer(s)
NRC National Research Council
NSAIDS non-steroidal anti-inflammatories
O2 oxygen
OA osteoarthritis
OCD osteochondritis dissecans
OD right eye
OFA Orthopedic Foundation for Animals
OLM ocular larval migran
OS left eye
OTC over the counter
oz ounce(s)
P phosphorous
p/pp page/pages
PCR polymerase chain reaction
PCV packed cell volume
PDA patent ductus arteriosus
PE physical exam
pg picogram(s)
pH negative logarithm of hydrogen ion activity (measure of the acidity of a solution)
plt platelet
PO per os, orally
post. posterior
ppb part(s) per billion
ppm part(s) per million
PRA progressive retinal atrophy
PRN as required
PT prothrombin time
pt pint(s)
PTH parathyroid hormone
q every
qid four times daily
q4h every 4 hours
qod every other day
qt quart(s)
r roentgen unit(s)
RA rheumatoid arthritis
RAST radioallergosorbent
RBC red blood cell(s)
RMSF Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever
RNA ribonucleic acid
rx treatment, prescription
SC subcutaneous(ly)
Se selenium
sec second(s)
SGOT aspartate aminotransferase (ALT)
SGPT alanine aminotransferase
SLE systemic lupus erythematosus
sm an small animal(s), ie, cats, dogs
sp/spp species (sing.)/species (pl.)
SPF specific pathogen free
sq square
SSRI selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor
subcut. subcutaneous(ly)
sup. superior
Sub Q subcutaneous(ly)
sx surgery
T3 triiodothyronine
T4 thyroxine
tbsp tablespoon(s)
TDN total digestible nutrients
tid three times daily
toxo toxoplasmosis
TSH thyroid stimulating hormone
tsp teaspoon(s)
U unit(s)
UAP ununited anconeal process
USP United States Pharmacopeia
UTI urinary tract infection
VD ventral dorsal
viz namely
VLM visceral larval migran
VN virus neutralization
WB western blot
WBC white blood cell, white blood (cell) count
wk week(s)
wt weight
yr year(s)
Acute Of sudden onset; having a short course.
Addisons Disease Pituitary gland produces a hormone that triggers the adrenal gland to produce corticosteroids If there is a problem with the adrenal gland or a pituitary tumor the process breaks down and not enough corticosteroids are produced.
Anemia Condition characterized by reduced numbers of red blood cells.
Anorexia Lack of appetite
Apnea Cessation of breathing
Atrophy Wasting away of a body part.
Bilateral Occurring on both sides of the body.
Bradycardia Slow heart rate.
Chronic Persisting over a long period.
Congenital Present at birth.
Conjunctivitis Inflammation of the soft pink tissue lining the inner eyelids and eye socket (conjunctiva).
Cushings Disease Pituitary gland produces a hormone that triggers the adrenal gland to produce corticosteroids If there is a problem with the adrenal gland or a pituitary tumor the process breaks down and too much corticosteroids are produced.
Cystocentesis Use of syringe and needle to obtain uncontaminated (sterile) urine directly from the bladder.
Diabetes Disorder characterized by increased drinking and urination, often due to faulty blood sugar regulation by the body.
Dyspnea Difficulty in breathing; labored breathing
Edema Accumulation of excessive fluid within tissues.
Emesis Vomiting
Gastric dilation and volvulus (GDV) Expansion and twisting of the stomach, also known as “torsion” or “bloat”.
Hepatitis Nonspecific inflammation of the liver.
Hypo decreased
Hyper increased
Icterus Yellowing of the skin, mucous membranes, serum or urine due to bile pigments. Can be related to liver disease. “Jaundice”
Malignant Tending to become progressively worse and result in death. Often used to describe potentially fatal tumors.
Metastasis The spread of disease or tumor from one part of the body to another.
Pancreatitis Inflammation of the pancreas, characterized by vomiting, often induced by a high fat diet.
Peritoneal Cavity Space within the abdominal cavity between the internal organs and the abdominal wall.
Pleural Cavity Space within the thoracic cavity between the thoracic organs and the body wall.
Portosystemic Shunt (PSS) Abnormal blood vessels in the liver preventing normal circulation and function of liver.
Pyometra Infection of the uterus.
Recumbant Lying down
Renal Pertaining to the kidneys
Septicemia Presence of microorganisms or their toxins in the blood.
Shock Acute failure of blood circulation throughout the body characterized by cool extremities, rapid heart rate, and pale mucous membranes.
Systemic Affecting the body as a whole.
Uveitis Inflammation within the eye.
Dorsal directed toward the back
Ventral directed toward the abdomen
Cranial directed toward the head (anterior)
Caudal directed toward the back quarters (posterior)
Lateral pertaining to a side
Medial situated in the midline
BAR Bright, alert, responsive
QAR Quiet , alert, responsive
Q every
SID every day or once daily (SID)
EOD every other day (EOD)
BID twice daily (q 12 hrs)
TID three times daily (q 8 hours)
QID four times daily (q 6 hours)
ABX antibiotics
BP blood pressure (mm Hg)
BG blood glucose (mg/dl)
CHF congestive heart failure
CRF chronic renal failure
CNS central nervous system
DZ disease
FeLV feline leukemia
FIP feline infectious peritonitis
FIV feline immunodeficiency virus
FLUTD feline lower urinary tract disease
GI gastrointestinal
HBC Hit by car
HCT hematocrit
HGE hemorrhagic gastroenteritis
HX History
IM intramuscular
IV intravenous
IMHA immune mediated hemolytic anemia
NPO nothing per os (orally)
PO Per os (orally)
NSF no significant findings
OD right eye
OS left eye
OU both eyes
AS left ear
AD right ear
AU both ears
PCV packed cell volume (same as HCT)
SC or SQ subcutaneous
SG specific gravity
TP total protein
TPR temperature, pulse, respiration
TX treatment
URI upper respiratory infection
UTI urinary tract infection
WNL within normal limits
Tachycardia Rapid heart rate.
PRN as needed
Created by: daniellenichole