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14. East Asia

Ap World History - Summerville High School

TermDefinition
Taika reforms attempt to remake Japanese monarch into an absolutist Chinese-style emperor; included attempts to create professional bureaucracy and peasant conscript army.
Tale of Genji written by Lady Murasaki; first novel in any language; evidence for mannered style of Japanese society.
Fujiwara mid-9th-century Japanese aristocratic family; exercised exceptional influence over imperial affairs; aided in decline of imperial power.
bushi regional warrior leaders in Japan; ruled small kingdoms from fortresses; administered the law, supervised public works projects, and collected revenues; built up private armies.
samurai mounted troops of the bushi; loyal to local lords, not the emperor.
seppuku ritual suicide in Japan; also known as hari-kiri; demonstrated courage and was a means to restore family honor.
Taira powerful Japanese family in 11th and 12th centuries; competed with Minamoto family; defeated after Gempei Wars.
Minamoto defeated the rival Taira family in Gempei Wars and established military government (bakufu) in 12th-century Japan.
Gempei wars waged for five years from 1180 on Honshu between the Taira and Minamoto families; ended in destruction of Taira.
bakufu military government established by the Minamoto following Gumpei wars; centered at Kamakura; retained emperor, but real power resided in military government and samurai.
shoguns military leaders of the bakufu.
Hojo a warrior family closely allied with the Minamoto; dominated Kamakura regime and manipulated Minamoto rulers; ruled in name of emperor.
Ashikaga Takuaji member of Minamoto family; overthrew Kamakura regime and established Ashikaga shogunate (1336–1573); drove emperor from Kyoto to Yoshino.
Ashikaga Shogunate replaced the Kamakura regime and ruled from 1336 to 1573; destroyed rival Yoshino center of imperial authority.
daimyos warlord rulers of small states following Onin war and disruption of Ashikaga shogunate; holdings consolidated into unified and bounded mini-states.
Choson earliest Korean kingdom; conquered by Han in 109 B.C.E.
Koguryo tribal people of northern Korea; established an independent kingdom in the northern half of the peninsula; adopted cultural Sinification.
Silla Korean kingdom in southeast; became a vassal of the Tang and paid tribute; ruled Korea from 668.
Paekche independent Korean kingdom in southwestern part of peninsula; defeated by rival Silla kingdom and its Chinese Tang allies in 7th century.
Sinification extensive adaptation of Chinese culture in other regions.
Yi dynasty (1392–1910); succeeded Koryo dynasty after Mongol invasions; restored aristocratic dominance and Chinese influence.
Khmers Indianized Vietnamese peoples defeated by northern government at Hanoi.
Trung sisters leaders of a rebellion in Vietnam against Chinese rule in 39 C.E.; demonstrates importance of women in Vietnamese society.
Chams Indianized rivals of the Vietnamese; driven into the highlands by the successful Vietnamese drive to the south.
Nguyen southern Vietnamese dynasty with capital at Hue that challenged northern Trinh dynasty with center at Hanoi.
Trinh dynasty that ruled in north Vietnam at Hanoi, 1533 to 1772; rivals of Nguyen family in south.
Created by: amygilstrap7