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Gestation/Birth

Gestation and Parturition Terms, Parts and Functions

TermDefinition
Fertilization Union of egg and sperm, conception
Conception Union of sperm and egg, fertilization
Egg Ovum
Gestation Period of time from conception to birth, pregnancy
Pregnancy Period of time from fertilization to parturition, gestation
Parturition Act of giving birth
Palpation To examine by touch as in rectal or abdominal palpation
Fetal heart Pumps blood in embryo/fetus AND placenta
Ovum Egg
Zygote Fertilized egg
Fetal heart Pumps blood in fetus and placenta
Chorion Part of uterus that is connected to placenta
Amnion Sac surrounding fetus containing amniotic fluid
Umbilical cord Connects fetus to placenta to transport nourishment and remove waste
Allantois Temporarily stores fetal waste
Cotyledon Placenta side of 'buttons'
Caruncle Uterine side of 'buttons'
Placentomes 'Buttons' made up of cotyledons and caruncles in ruminants, including horses.Aids in transfer of nourishment and wastes.
Relaxin Hormone produced by ovary at start of parturition (birth)
Oxytocin Hormone produced by pituitary glad to start muscle contractions to push the fetus through the birth canal.
Progesterone Hormone that maintains pregnancy. Stops being produced when birth starts.
Dystocia Birthing difficulties
Caesarean section C-section. Surgical procedure to remove fetus from uterus in instances when natural delivery is impossible.
Placenta Also called afterbirth after baby is delivered.
Afterbirth The placenta after the baby is born
Created by: mmill