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125 Final Questions

Forms part of the regulatory system of the body Endocrine system
Works in conjunction with the nervous system Endocrine system
Both sensory & motor. Sensory from gastrointestinal tract & respiratory tract (X) vagus
Smell is also known as the? Olfactory sense
More sensitive to light Rods
More sensitive to color and detail Cones
Opthalmascope, fluorescine stain, schirmer tear test, sterile saline, sterile syringe (3cc). These are all needed for? Eye exam
Bacterial infection leading to inflammation of the eye Keratoconjunctivis
Elastic cartilage & skin, the external part of the ear in mammals Pinna
Tympanic membrane Ear drum
Outermost bone attached to tympanic membrane Malleus
Middle bone Incus
Medial - most bone Stapes
Also known as the gustatory sense Sense of taste
Otodectes cynotis Ear mites
Infection of the ear canal Otitis externa
Promotes urine contractions Oxytocin
Which joint is similar to the knee in humans? Stifle
Adduction moves a limb Toward the midline
Which bones are found in the antebrachium Radius & ulna
Tendons connect Muscle to bone
Ligaments connect Bone to bone
What joint is also known as the scapulohumeral joint Shoulder
Osteo refers to Bone
Myo Muscle
Arthro Joint
What is a foramen? Opening / hole in the bone
Spongy light bone is called Cancellous
Dense heavy bone is called Compact
Osteoblasts are responsible for Bone formation
Name 4 shapes of bones Flat, short, long & irregular
Most mammals have how many cervical vertebraes? 7
What is phlebitis? Inflammation of a vein
Which valve is found between the right atrium and the right ventricle? Tricuspid
Which sense is responsible for balance and head position? Vestibular
What is the average gestation period for a horse ? 325-350 days
Partrition process in a dog is called ? Welping
Which blood vessels have one way valves ? Veins
During diastole the heart? Relaxes
What is the largest artery in the body called ? Aorta
Cats carry their fetuses where? Uterine horns
Uniparous refers to animals who Have one offspring at a time
Cats are what kind of ovulators? Induced
Which hormone is secreted by the corpus luteum & help to maintain pregnancy? Progesterone
What do veins have in them that arteries do not ? One way valves
Blood flowing from the right ventricle of the heart is flowing through the pulmonary artery & towards the Lungs
What is the order of vertebrae from cranial to caudal? Cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral, coccgyeal
Animal receives performed antibodies Passively
Exposure to antigen that triggers animals own immune response Actively
What are the four tissue types? Epithelial, connective, muscular, and nervous tissue
Trunk of the body, includes rib cage and abdomen Barrel
Lateral surface of the abdomen between the last rib and hind legs Flank
Area at the base of the neck between the front legs, that covers the cranial end of the sternum Brisket
Top of the head between the bases of the ears Poll
Rostral part of the face, formed mainly by the maxillary and nasal bones Muzzle
Area dorsal to scapulas Withers
Equivalent to the human knee Stifle
Dorsal part of the base of the tail Tailhead
Carpus of hoofed animals Knee
Large metacarpal or metatarsal bone of hoofed animals Cannon
Joint between cannon bone and the proximal phalanx of hoofed animals Fetlock
Equilibrium amoung the body systems. Homeostasis
The involuntary constriction and relaxation of the muscles of the intestine or another canal, creating wavelike movements that push the contents of the canal forward. Peristalsis
A reduction in the number of white cells in the blood, typical of various diseases. Leukopenia
Blood draw sites Canine Cephalic, Canine Jugular, Feline Jugular, Canine Lateral Saphenous Vein, Feline Medial Saphenous Vein
Sodium Heparin; Plasma seperating tube Green Top Tube
Sodium Citrate; Coagulation tests Blue Top Tube
Is empty and sterile, used to send non-blood fluid samples to the lab Red Top Tube
EDTA; Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid Purple (Lavender) Top Tube
Has a waxy plug that separates the serum from the blood solids after centrifugation. Tiger Top/Solid Orange - Serum Separator Tube (SST)
Contains either nothing or Sodium Heparin Hematocrit Tube
What do carnivores eat? Meat
What do herbivores eat? Plants
Lines body cavities and canals. Respiratory, digestive, and urogenital tracts. Mouth, nose, eyelids, windpipe, lungs, stomach, intestines, the ureters, urethra, and urinary bladder. Mucous Membranes
Which muscle tissue is striated muscle, moves the skeleton, responsible for voluntary movement and shaped like long cylinders or fibers? Skeletal Muscle
Which muscle is striated muscle, involuntary movement, have no characteristic shape and found only in the heart? Cardiac Muscle
Which muscle tissue is found mainly in internal organs, spindle shaped, doesn't show any stripes or striations under magnification? Smooth Muscle
Which hormone stimulates release of thyroid hormone? TSH
Which hormone controls epiphyseal growth and protein production; regulates the use of energy? Growth Hormone (somatotrophin)
Which hormone controls release of adrenocortical hormones? Adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH)
Which hormone stimulates development of mammary glands and secretion of milk? Prolactin
Stimulates development of follicles in the ovary Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
Causes rupture of the follicles (ovulation) and development of the corpus luteum Luteinising Hormone (LH)
Stimulates secretion of testosterone from interstitial cells of the testis Interstitial-cell-stimulating hormone (ISCH)
Which hormone is responsible for acts on collecting ducts of the kidney-alters permeability to water? Antidiuretic hormone ADH
Stimulates uterine contractions during parturition: milk let down Oxytocin
What hormone controls metabolic rate and is essential for normal growth? Thyroxin
What hormone decreases resorption of calcium from the bones Calcitonin
What hormone stimulates calcium resorption from bones; promotes calcium uptake from intestine? Parathormone
Increases uptake of glucose into the cells and stores excess glucose as glycogen in the liver? Insulin
Release of stored glycogen from the liver to be converted to glucose? Glucagon
Mild inhibition of insulin and glucagon and prevents wild swings in blood glucose levels? Somatostatin
Signs of oestrus; preparation of the reproductive tract and external genitalia for coitus Oestrogen
Preparation of reproductive tract for pregnancy; development of mammary glands; maintains the pregnancy? Progesterone
Released during late pregnancy; causes relaxation of pelvic ligaments prior to birth? Relaxin
What hormone is responsible for male characteristics and behavior; sperm development? Testosterone
Raises blood glucose levels, reduces the inflammatory response? Glucocorticoids
Acts on distal convoluted tubules of the kidney, regulates uptake of sodium and hydrogen ions? Mineralocorticoids-aldosterone
Adrenaline (epinephrine) and noradrenaline (norepinephrine) Fear, fright, slight
What is the outer surface of teeth? Enamel-shiny white outer covering
Forms the main part of the tooth? Dentine
Holds the tooth firmly in the gums? Cement
Contains blood capillaries and nerve fibers? Pulp cavity
Passed into the thoracic cavity, through the diaphragm and into the abdominal cavity Vagus Nerve location
To serve many organs of the chest and abdomen. Vagus Nerve function
Absorbs water from indigestible food and transmits waste from the body Large intestine
Small intestine parts in order Duodenum, jejunum, ileum
Uses enzymes to breakdown food Duodenum
Absorbs nutrients Jejunum
Absorbs vitamin B, bile salts and whatever was not absorbed by the jejunum Ileum
Triangular Cushioned portion on bottom of hoof Frog
Oil glands Sebaceous glands
Sweat glands Sudoriferous glands
Largest peripheral nerve in the body that courses medially through the rear leg Sciatic Nerve location
Servicing the muscles of the thigh and stifle area. Sciatic Nerve function
Circular skeletal muscle at the end of an organ, contracts and dilates Sphincter
Male gonads Testes
Simple stomach Monogastric
First stomach of a ruminant Rumen
Eats plants and meat Omnivore
Long tube that lies along the surface of the testes Epididymis
Single birth Uniparous
True stomach Abosmasum
Puncture of bladder to withdraw fluid Cystocentesis
Beginning of cycle, follicles begin developing and growing Proestrus
Forcible expulsion of stomach contents Vomiting
More than one birth at a time Multiparous
Animals in which ovum is released only after copulation Induced ovulator
Period of sexual receptivity Estrus
The return of swallowed food into oral cavity Regurgitation
Animals that cycle continuously throughout the year Polyestrous
Animals with two cycles per year Diestrous
Period of temporary ovarian inactivity Anestrus
Process of giving birth Parturition
Most important staining procedure. Differential stain Gram stain
Test that detects antibodies in the blood Elisa Test
Sight of oxygen exchange in the lungs Alveoli
Test that measures kidney function Creatinine
Site where nasal passages and digestive systems meet. Aka throat Pharynx
-crine Secrete/seperate
-dactyl Fingers/toes
Difference Dif
Gloss/o Tongue
Hist/o Tissue
Chronic allergic disorder Asthma
Difficult birth Dystocia
Presence of urinary bladder stones Urolithiasis
Highly contagious viral infection, presents as life threatening Canine parvovirus
Prolonged gastrointestinal transit time, making stool difficult to pass Constipation
Growth plate on the horses hoof Coronary band
Large hardened structure on the outside of the horses foot Wall
Bottom of hoof inside the wall Sole
Nutrients are exchanged in...? Capillaries
What drives the filtration process of the kidneys? Blood Pressure
Created by: PimaVT



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