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Later Middle Ages

During the Middle Ages, power in Europe shifted from nobles to popes and kings
As popes tried to increase their power, aside from bishops they also came into conflict with kings
According to the compromise of 1122, which list is in order from most to least powerful? popes, kings, bishops, priests
Those who believed that the Pope should be the ultimate authority created the________ . Roman Catholic Church
During the Middle Ages, responsibilities of the Pope included all of the following except approving new empires and emperors. deciding what the church would teach. excommunicating or casting out any offenders. maintaining order through alliances as well as warfare.
The throne was inherited in which kingdom? England and France
In the Holy Roman Empire, the leader was _________________. elected by nobles and chosen by the Pope
When the church split, which group agreed with the Pope and wanted him to control the whole church? Roman Catholic
After the divide of the church, Eastern Orthodox people agreed with the __________, while Roman Catholics agreed with the __________. Bishops, Pope
Which of the following happened first? Peasant Crusaders attacked Jews in Germany. Saladin successfully defended Jerusalem against King Richard I. Crusaders attacked Constantinople. Pope Urban II called on Christians to fight the Muslim Turks.
What was the outcome of the Crusades? The Holy Land remained under Muslim control
What occurred as a result of the Crusades? Trade between Europe and Asia increased.
After the Crusades, what happened? there was strong political and religious tension throughout Europe kings had more power and controlled more land trade increased between Europe and Asia
Why did later Crusades fail? the crusaders were outnumbered the desert climate was a challenge there were arguments among Christian leaders
What was the goal of the First Crusade? retake the Holy Land
Crusaders were victorious in the First Crusade and retook the city of Jerusalem
What did the crusaders discover about their enemies? they were far more advanced than thought
The term "Crusade" is Latin and means "marked with a __________." cross
With the success of the First Crusade, Christians retook Jerusalem and _____________. began trade with England created the Lord/Vassal system
Clergy members often called upon to advise local rulers in political and social matters were ______ . bishops
A pilgrimage can be described as a journey to ______________. any holy or sacred place
Where did friars live? villages
What is a pilgrim? a person who journeys to a religious location
How were the lives of friars different from the lives of monks? Friars lived with the general public; monks lived apart in monasteries.
Who played the biggest role in creating the first universities in Europe? church leaders
Most art and architecture created in the Middle Ages was concerned with religious expression
Clergy members often called upon to advise local rulers in political and social matters were ______ . bishops
Created by: eherbkersman