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Week 3 Vocab

TermDefinition
Refractometer Used to measure the refractive index of a solution. Also known as "Total Solids Meter".
Oblique At an angle, or pertaining to an angle.
Epaxial muscles Support the spine, extends the vertebral column, allows lateral flexion.
Hemolysis Rupture of red blood cells.
Plasma Fluid portion of blood. 90-92% water.
Triceps Brachii muscles Extends the elbow joint.
Biceps Brachii muscles Flexes the elbow joint.
Serum Plasma, minus the clotting factors fibrinogen & prothrombin.
Neutrophil Protects the body against disease & infections by removing & destroying some types of bacteria, wastes, foreign substances, and other cells by eating them. Main type of white blood cell. Inflammation of tissues causes high Neutrophil in blood.
Lymphocyte Responsible for immune responses. Known as natural killer cells. Distinguishes healthy cells from cancerous cells. Two main types, B-cells and T-cells.
Systole Heart muscle contracts; blood is ejected from the atria to the ventricles, then from the ventricles to the arteries.
Diastole Heart relaxes & refills with blood to be ejected during the next systolic contraction.
Poloarization Process of generating electrical impulse from the SA node. Contraction of the heart. (Systole)
Depolarization Relaxation & refilling of the heart. (Diastole)
Monocyte Main job is to eat intruders. Responds to inflammation signals. Matures into macrophages (Greek for "large eaters).
Eosinophil Combats infections & parasites.
Myocardium Located inside the sac formed by the pericardium. Is the thickest layer of the heart.
Pericardium Outer layer of the heart.
Endocardium Membranous lining between myocardium and the heart chambers.
Arteries Carry oxygenated blood away from the heart. Blood is under high pressure. Walls of arteries are thick & elastic to allow expansion.
Veins Carry blood towards the heart. Thin walls. They also contain one-way valves to prevent blood from backing up.
Basophil Contains heparin and histamine. Deposits granules into damaged tissue to promote blood flow and inflammation.
Thrombocytes "Platelet". Cytoplasmic fragment of bone marrow megakaryocyte.
Agglutination Clumping of red blood cells.
Rouleaux Arrangement of erythrocytes in a column or stack.
Tricuspid valve Between the right atrium & right ventricle of the heart. Prevents blood from flowing backwards into right atrium.
Mitral valve Between the left atrium & left ventricle. Prevents blood from flowing backwards into left atrium. Also called "bicuspid valve".
Sinoatrial valve Pacemaker of the heart. Located in the right atrium of the heart.
Lymph Clear, transparent, colour-less fluid found in lymphatic vessels & cistema chyli.
Colostrum Initial mammary secretion after parturition.
Active immunity Refers to animals production of antibodies as a result of infection with an antigen or immunization.
Passive immunity Immunity that results when they receive protective substances produced by another human or animal. Passed from mother to newborn.
Myo- Muscle
Hem/o Hemat/o Blood
Vas/o Vessel; Duct; Vas deferens
Pulmo Pulmon/o Lung
-emia Blood conditon
Myocardial infarction Partial or complete occlusion or closing of one or more coronary arteries. "heart attack".
Anemia Reduction in the oxygen-carrying capacity of blood, caused by a reduced number of circulating red blood cells, reduced concentration of hemoglobin.
Cardiomyopathy Disease of the myocardium. Caused by alcohol abuse, parasites, viral infection & congestive heart failure.
Canine autoimmune hemolytic anemia An immune system disease in which the body attacks and destroys its own red blood cells. "AIHA"
Von Willebrands Disease Most common hereditary bleeding disorder. "vWD"
Created by: PimaVT