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VETT 118 Romich Text Chapter 3 Vet Med Terms

Ambulation Moving from one place to another. Walking, running, etc.
Skeletal muscle cells Attach bones to the body and make motion possible.
Smooth muscle cells Produce slow contractions to allow unconscious functioning of internal organs.
Cardiac muscle cells Produce involuntary contraction of the heart.
Fascia A sheet of fibrous connective tissue that covers, supports, and separates muscles.
Tendon A narrow band of connective tissue that attaches muscle to bone.
Aponeurosis A fibrous sheet that provides attachment to muscular fibers and is a means of origin or insertion of a flat muscle.
Tonus Muscle tone. Balanced muscle tension.
Muscle origin The place where the muscle begins. The more fixed attachment or the end of the muscle closest to the midline.
Muscle insertion The place where the muscle ends. The more movable end or portion furthest from the midline.
Abductor Muscle that moves a part away from the midline.
Adductor Muscle that moves a part toward the midline.
Flexor Muscle that bends a limb at its joint.
Extensor Muscle that straightens a limb.
Levator Muscle that raises or elevates a part.
Depressor Muscle that lowers or depresses a part.
Rotator Muscle that turns a body part on its axis.
Supinator Muscle that rotates the palmar or plantar surface upward.
Pronator Muscle that rotates the palmar or plantar surface downward.
Epaxial muscles Located above the pelvic axis.
Intercostal muscles Located between the ribs.
Infraspinatus muscles Located beneath the spine of the scapula.
Supraspinatus muscles Located above the spine of the scapula.
Rectus Straight. Rectus muscles align with vertical axis of body.
Oblique Slanted. Oblique muscles slant outward from midline.
Transverse Crosswise. Transverse muscles form crosswise from midline.
Sphincter Tight band. Sphincter muscles are ringlike and constrict the opening of a passageway.
Azygous Not paired.
Vastus Large.
Latissimus Broad.
Longissimus/gracilis Narrow.
Deltoid shape Greek letter Delta (triangle).
Quadratus shape Square or four-sided.
Rhomboideus shape Diamond.
Scalenus shape Unequally three-sided.
Serratus shape Saw-toothed.
Teres shape Cylindrical.
Created by: Taylor Miller



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