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Head to Toe (Bovine)

VETT 118 Romich Text Chapter 4 Vet Med Terms

TermDefinition
Barrel Capacity of the chest or trunk.
Brisket Mass of connective tissue, muscle, and fat covering the cranioventral part of the ruminant chest between the forelegs.
Cannon bone Third and fourth metacarpal (metatarsal) of the ruminant. Also called the shin bone.
Coffin joint Distal interphalangeal joint in ungulates.
Crest Dorsal margin of the neck.
Dewclaw Accessory claw of the ruminant foot that projects caudally from the fetlock.
Dewlap Loose skin under the throat and neck, which may become pendulous in some breeds.
Dock Solid part of the tail.
Elbow Forelimb joint formed by distal humerus, proximal radius, and proximal ulna.
Fetlock joint Metacarpophalangeal and metatarsophalangeal joint in ungulates.
Flank Side of the body between the ribs and ilium.
Forearm Part of the foreleg supported by the radius and ulna, between the elbow and knee.
Forehead Region of the head between the eyes and ears.
Heart girth Cirumference of the chest just caudal to the shoulders and cranial to the back.
Heel Caudal region of the hoof that has an area of soft tissue called the bulb.
Hock Tarsal joint, also called tarsus.
Hoof Hard covering of the digit in ungulates.
Hoof wall Hard, horny outer layer of the covering of the digit in ungulates.
Hooks Protrusion of the wing of the ilium on the dorsolateral area of ruminants.
Knee Carpus in ungulates.
Loin Lumbar region of the back, between the thorax and pelvis.
Muzzle Two nostrils (including the skin and fascia) and the muscles of the upper and lower lip.
Paralumbar fossa Hollow area of the flank whose boundaries are the transverse processes if the lumbar vertebrae (dorsally), the last rib (cranially), and the thigh muscles (caudally).
Pastern joint Proximal interphalangeal joint in ungulates.
Pedal Pertaining to the foot.
Pins Protrusion of the ischium bones just lateral to the base of the tail in ruminants.
Poll Top of the head; occiput; nuchal crest.
Quarter One of the four glands in the cow's udder.
Shoulder Region around the large joint between the humerus and scapula.
Sole Palmar or plantar surface of the hoof; bottom of the hoof.
Stifle joint Femorotibal and femoropatellar joint in quadrupeds.
Switch Tuft of hair at the end of the tail.
Tail Caudal part of the vertebral column extending beyond the trunk.
Tail head Base of the tail where it connects to the body.
Teat Nipple of the mammary gland.
Toe Cranial end of the hoof.
Udder Mammary gland.
Created by: Taylor Miller
 

 



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