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Head to Toe (Equine)

VETT 118 Romich Text Chapter 4 Vet Med Terms

TermDefinition
Barrel Capacity of the chest or trunk.
Bars Raised V-shaped structure on distal surface of hoof.
Cannon bone Third metacarpal (metatarsal) of the horse; also called the shin bone.
Chestnuts Horny, irregular growths on medial surface of equine leg. Front legs- above the knee; rear legs- near the hock.
Coffin joint Distal interphalangeal joint in ungulates, between the short pastern and coffin bones. (Lowest joint on leg.)
Corners Third incisors of equine.
Coronary band Junction between the skin and the horn of the hoof, also called coronet.
Crest Root of the mane.
Croup Muscular area around and above the tail base.
Cutters Second incisors of equine.
Dock Solid part of the equine tail.
Elbow Forelimb joint formed by distal humerus, proximal radius, and proximal ulna.
Ergot Small keratinized mass of horn in a small bunch of hair on the palmar or plantar aspects of the equine fetlock.
Fetlock Area of the limb between the pastern and the cannon.
Fetlock joint Metacarpophalangeal and metatarsopholangeal joint in ungulates.
Flank Side of the body between the ribs and ilium.
Forelock In maned animals, the most cranial part of the mane hanging down between the ears and onto the forehead.
Frog V-shaped pad of soft horn between the bars on the sole of the equine hoof.
Gaskin Muscular portion of the hindlimb between the stifle and hock, also called the crus.
Heart girth Circumference of the chest just caudal to the shoulders and cranial to the back.
Heel Caudal region of the hoof that has an area of soft tissue called the bulb.
Hoof Hard covering of the digit in ungulates.
Hoof wall Hard, horny outer layer of the covering of the digit in ungulates.
Knee Carpus in ungulates.
Ungulate An animal with hooves.
Loin Lumbar region of the back between the thorax and pelvis.
Mane Region of long, coarse hair at the dorsal border of the neck and terminating at the poll.
Muzzle Two nostrils (including the skin and fascia) and the muscles of the upper and lower lip.
Nippers Central incisors of equine.
Paralumbar fossa Hollow area of the flank whose boundaries are the transverse processes of the lumbar vertebrae (dorsally), the last rib (cranially), and the thigh muscles (caudally).
Pastern Area of the limb between the fetlock and hoof.
Pastern joint Proximal interphalangeal joint in ungulates.
Poll Top of the head. (Occiput, nuchal crest.)
Quarter Lateral or medial side of the hoof.
Shoulder Region around the large joint between the humerus and scapula.
Sole Palmar or plantar surface of the hoof; irregular cresent-shaped bottom of the hoof.
Stifle joint Femorotibial and femoropatellar joint in quadrupeds.
Tail head Base of the tail where it connects to the body.
Teat Nipple of the mammary gland.
Toe Cranial side of the hoof.
Udder Mammary gland.
White line Fusion between the wall and sole of the hoof.
Withers Region over the dorsum where the neck joins the thorax and where the dorsal margins of the scapula lie just below the skin.
Created by: Taylor Miller