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Section 1-42

Lawn Care Related Terms & Definitions

DefinitionTerm
A subdivision used to describe different grasses within the same species Cultivar
Working of the soil without destroying the turf Cultivation
Any method used to reduce the thatch layer of a lawn De-thatch
Sixteen elements needed by plants including turfgrasses; C, O, H, N, P, K, Ca, Mg, S, Fe, Zn, Cu, Mn, Mo, B, Cl Essential nutrient elements
The process of water losses from a water body or a surface Evaporation
The combination of evaporation and transpiration; described as a layer of water lost from a planted area in millimeters Evapotrasnpiration
A material containing one or more essential nutrients; can be safely used to grow plants and can be in granular or liquid form Fertilizer
The percentage by weight given on the fertilizer bag. i.e. 23-7-7 Fertilizer analysis
The start of new seedlines; requires proper moisture, temperature, oxygen, and nutrient conditions Germination
The growing pattern by which a turfgrass spreads itself Growth habit
A fertilizer made of inorganic salts with a quick release fate such as potassium nitrate (KNO3) Inorganic fertilizer
A type of maintained turf that is maintained surrounding a residential house or public building Lawn
A trained individual who runs a lawn care business and service Lawn care service owner
A trained individual who provides mowing, fertilization, and pest control treatments to lawns and follow-up customer service to a territory rout of several dozens to hundreds of homeowners Lawn care technician
Any material used to cover a newly established or renovated turf, usually straw Mulching
A fertilizer from natural organic materials such as animal manure, dead plant and animal materials, sewage sludge, bone meal, and blood meal, or from synthetic organic materials such as urea, sulfur coated urea, and other urea containing materials Organic fertilizer
The measurement of the acidity or alkalinity of a soil; 7.0 is neutral, below 7.0 is acidic, above 7.0 is alkaline pH
A method of establishing a new turf using turf plugs harvested from a mature turf Plugging
An industry that specializes in lawn care and directly provides lawn care service to homeowners Professional lawn care
A practice of improving a poor turf Renovation
Excessive removing of green leaves resulting in a brown appearance by exposing dead leaves of even bare soil; main cause is lower mowing height or uneven turf Scalping
A ripened ovule with the potential to germinate a new plant Seed
The outside protective layer of a seed Seed coat
A term used to describe the germination rate (based on 100 seeds) and the purity of the seeds Seed quality
A site prepared for starting a new turf Seedbed
A harvested turfgrass unit in a thin layer with soil and roods intact used for new turf establishment Sod
A printout of the results of a soil test which includes soil pH, organic matter %, Component %, as well as levels of available nutrients Soil analysis
A vertical view of the soil layers usually obtained by using a probe Soil profile
A type of fertilizer that will Dissolve completely in water and stay in solution Soluble fertilizer
A type of turf that is maintained as the cover of a sports field to protect athletes and reduce the damage to the field Sports turf
A method to use pieces of stolons cut from a mature turf to start a new turf Sprigging
A coarse texture, bunch type turfgrass commonly used in cold, cool, or transition zones Tall fescue
The accumulation of dead roots and stems, mostly at soil surface or immediately above Thatch
A fertilizer that continually discharges a small amount of nutrients over a period of time Time-released fertilizer
The zone between the warm season and the cool season zones, where both warm and cool season grasses can be grown but where the climate is not optimal for either Transition zone
Water losses through a plant body; it cools off the body temperature of a plant Transpiration
The general name for an area covered with maintained turfgrass Turf
The appearance and function of a turf Turf quality
A type of grass with spreading growth habit and tolerance to mowing and traffic Turfgrass
The science, art, and business of cultivating turfgrasses for various purposes Turfgrass science and management
A type of turf, such as highway and airport turf, that is used to reduce soil erosion and to protect the environment Utility turf
The sowing of a cool season grass (usually perennial ryegrass) into the lawn to provide green winter color while the warm season turf goes dormant. Southern winter over-seeding
A type of growth habit with tillers as new shoots; includes tall fescue and perennial ryegrass Bunch-type
Created by: Frank123
 

 



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