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Directional terms 2

Directional terms and their meanings

TermDefinition
Aspect Area
Anterior The front - usually talking about organs or body parts
Caudal Toward the tail
Cephalic Pertaining to the head
Cranial Toward the head
Deep Away from the surface; also called internal
Distal Away from the center of the body
Dorsal Toward the back area; refers to the back
Inferior Means lowermost, below, or toward the tail
Internal Away from the surface; also called deep
Lateral Side of the body; toward the outside; away from the midline
Medial Towards the midline
Palmar The caudal surface of the front paw (like the palm of a human hand; bottom of the front feet
Plantar The caudal surface of the rear paw (like the sole of a human foot; bottom of the rear feet
Posterior Rear of the body
Proximal Closer to the center of the body; nearest the midline
Recumbency lying in position
Recumbent lying down
Rostral Nose end of the head; towards the nose
Superficial Near the surface; also called external
Superior Uppermost, above, or toward
Ventral Refers to the abdomen, belly area or underside of a body
Midsagittal Plane that divides the body into equal right and left halves
Median Another name for Midsagittal plane
Sagittal Plane that divides the body into unequal right and left parts
Dorsal Plane that divides the body into dorsal (back) and ventral (belly) parts
Transverse Plane that divides the body into cranial and caudal parts
Created by: mmill