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7th Grade - Unit 7

Ancient China

QuestionAnswer
First emperor of the Qin Dynasty who started construction of the Great Wall Shi Huangdi
Emperor who used war to expand China to its largest size Wudi
Female ruler who placed infants on the throne Empress Lu
Founder of the Han Dynasty who ended civil wars to unite China Liu Bang
Which rivers surround Mesopotamia? Tigris and Euphrates
Why were the people of China isolated from the rest of the ancient world? physical geography
How was Hammurabi able to control his empire and provide justice for his people? code of law
Shang kings use ________ to communicate with the gods oracle bones
The main belief of ________ is that a universal force guides all things. Daoism
All dynasties tend to follow the same pattern of rise and fall known as the ________ dynastic cycle
One of Confucius' most important teachings was about ________, or treating parents with respect. filial piety
a king of Ancient Egypt; the title means "great house" pharaoh
a group of west African peoples that slowly migrated south and east, bringing farming and herding to new regions of Africa Bantu
favorable for the growth of crops fertile
The idea of ________ could be considered very harsh compared to the other ancient Chinese philosophies Legalism
Which modern-day country was Mesopotamia located in? Iraq
a set of written rules code of law
a collection of many peoples and lands under the control of one ruler empire
acceptance of beliefs, habits, and practices of others toleration
________ stresses the importance of respect and proper behavior in society Confucianism
Because China was isolated by physical barriers, they experienced little ________ until the Silk Roads were developed cultural diffusion
seasonal winds that shape the climate of the Indian subcontinent monsoons
India's modern religion that developed out of Brahmanism Hinduism
the religion that was started by Siddhartha Gautama and is still practiced in many Asian nations today Buddhism
a social class that is based on a person's job caste
Where did civilization first develop in China? the North China Plain
Chinese philosophy that was taught by Confucius Confucianism
The 5 relationships, filial piety, and government leaders serving as role models are teachings of this philosophy Confucianism
Chinese philosophy that is believed to have begun with Laozi Daoism
Yin and yang, "the Way", and living in harmony with nature are all teachings of this philosophy Daoism
Chinese philosophy based on the idea that humans are wicked by nature and need strict laws with harsh punishments Legalism
What is the name for the shift from food gathering to food raising? Agricultural Revolution
Due to their use of ________, many people can read the Chinese language without being able to speak it. pictographs
The idea of ________ is one of the most important mathematical advancements of Ancient India zero
an amount produced in excess of what is needed surplus
the cultivation of soil to produce useful crops agriculture
group of people with similar custom, training, income and background social class
a skill in one type of work specialization
the watering of crops irrigation
In a _______ a network of appointed officials assist in running the government. bureaucracy
Which direction did the Bantu people migrate from their homeland? southeast
Which process allowed he Egyptians to grow crops in land that would otherwise have been desert? irrigation
the remains of early life that has been preserved fossil
something written or created by a person who witnessed a historical event primary source
something created by a person who did not witness a historical event secondary source
half of a globe or sphere hemisphere
a human-made object with historical significance artifact
the horizontal lines on a map that measure distances north or south of the Equator latitude
the vertical lines on a map that measure distances east or west of the Prime Meridian longitude
0 degrees latitude Equator
0 degrees longitude Prime Meridian
one of the 7 largest landmasses on Earth continent
a land area with its own distinct government and culture country
a group of years with some distinctive feature(s) in common age, era, epoch
The Egyptians worshiped many gods, so their religion was ________. polytheistic
A ________ is the study of the basic truths about the universe. philosophy
Liu Bang is the emperor credited with starting the ________ Han Dynasty
Who are the earliest known people to have lived in the Indus Valley? Harappan civilization
a political unit that includes a city and its surrounding farmland city-state
a belief in many gods or goddesses polytheism
a person who specializes in writing and serves as a record keeper scribe
human society with an advanced level of development in social and political organization and in the arts and science civilization
fertile soil deposited by a river silt
The Silk Roads were considered ________ because the stretched across Europe and Asia trans-Eurasian
Created by: mrsdyer316