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Florist Definitions

Exam Definitions

Scale The relative ratio of the size of a composition to its surroundings
Proportion The relationship of one part to another or one to the whole design
Balance A state of equilibrium which is achieved when the components of a design are so composed that they give a feeling of stability and security
Unity A oneness of purpose, thought, style and spirit
Opposition The contrast that brings about contradictive design
Tension An expressing action or force of energy within or upon a design component by the skillful use of contrast
Focal area The area of greatest impact or weight, center of interest that attracts the eye
Dominance The visual organization of a design that emphasizes one or more aspects
Rhythm Visual movement of a design usually achieved by means of repetition or graduation
Accent Detail added to a design to enhance interest and emphasize other elements
Emphasis An area in a composition that is given importance to make it stand out
Transition The easy visual movement that comes from the gradual degrees of change in line, form, color, space, pattern
Depth The placement of materials as different levels in an arrangement
Variation Basic similarity but with minor differences
Harmony The aesthetic quality created through the pleasing interaction of a combination of components in a composition
Geometric design A composition with definite geometric shape, composed of line, mass or line-mass concepts, with radial stem placement
Symmetrical triangle A design that is formal, having perfect symmetry, repeating the elements of the design on both sides and equally distributed about the center axis
Oval A basic round design with extended flower length and space
Hogarth curve Equally balanced with continuing / repetitive lines and materials used for an S shape
Asymmetrical triangle A design that is less formal containing extended lines and perfect balance
Round A popular contemporary design exhibiting symmetrical balance and radial stem placement, exhibiting obvious structure, great depth and open space
Crescent Design lines that radiate from a point of the circumference of the circle forming a semi-circle creating motion and conforming to the container
Formal linear An asymmetrically balanced design of interesting materials each of which is few in number and usually grouped, that emphasizes forms and lines
High style A catch all word that includes almost any modern design that has strong lines, forms and colors
Design That quality of unique charm, taste and originality that all designers strive to achieve
Individuality How a designer expresses personality, style, color selection and appreciation of materials used
Originality How a designer reflects creative thinking, imagination and a vision of interpretation
Composition A grouping of various parts to make a design
Suitability A state of being appropriate to the circumstances of a design. It is determined by how it fits the results that the designer is trying to accomplish
Line A visual path the eye follows to produce motion. It provides the skeletal pattern of the design and must never be broken
Form The shape or contour of the individual components in a composition
Space The element of design that we think of as open areas around individual components in a composition
Color The visual response of the eye to the various reflected movements and pigments
Color harmony The various useable or pleasing combinations of color
Analogous The effect achieved by the use of neutral colors
Free form A style of creative design inspired by unconventional ideas, styles and patterns, yet adhering to the elements and principles of design
Achromatic The effect achieved through the use of three or more hues in sequence on the color chart
Interest Dominance and transition will be gained by the percentage and the rhythm will be created by the variation in amounts
Binding Tying materials together for the purpose of holding them in place
Banding Encircling plant or man made materials in a concise manner of consecutive rings with decorative appointments
Bunching Being gathered and bound together
Bundling Firmly tying like materials together so that a radial stem pattern is created above the binding point
Grouping The placement of identical materials within a specific limited area
Pave A basing technique using parallel or surface contoured insertions which creates a uniform surface with no variation of depth
Formal linear An asymmetrically balanced design of interesting materials, each of which is few in number and grouped that emphasizes form and lines
Size A measurement of the amount of space something occupies such as a design or a component of a design
Grid Lids or tape Grids These lids snap into place over the container opening, providing a series of small square openings to brace flowers upright in the container
Symmetrical A type of balance that is formal or man made
Asymmetrical A type of balance that is natural or informal
Unity A oneness of purpose, thought, style and spirit
Contrast The difference between objects when they are placed next to each other
Parallel Two or more lines that have the same direction with continuous equal space
Abstract Non realistic placement of stems with no relation to a growth point or water source
Radial Having materials arranged like rays from a common center; spokes of a wheel; peacocks tail
Integrated A combination of two or more of the design styles
Triangle A symmetrical or asymmetrical design that is very interesting and pleasing to the eye
Vertical A line associated with perfect equilibrium; a soldier at attention
Parallel design A relatively new design theory in which all stem placements run in the same direction
Abstract design Non realistic use of natural or man-made materials solely as pure elements-line, form, color, texture, in space, evoking a well thought out emotion
Container An utilitarian receptacle for holding something or an object of art
Ethylene A colorless and odorless hormone that accelerates the aging process of floral material
Microbial activity The bacterial activity that damages floral material by clogging the stems
Transpiration The natural loss of water in plants and flowers
Floral foam (oasis) This has the unique ability to hold water and is commonly referred to as wet foam
Dry foam Commonly used for silk and will not absorb water
Styrofoam A rigid foam that is used for a base for heavier work
Floral cage This comes in many shapes and is a plastic encasement for dry or wet foam
Hand tied bouquet Group of flowers and foliage assembled in the hand, in which the stems are tied very tightly with some type of cord
Feathering The technique that is used to subdivide one flower into smaller blossoms for use as a composite flower
Glamelia Made from the petals of graded sizes of gladiolus florets
Saddle The foundation that a casket spray should be constructed on
Soil The anchor and stability for a plant
Light Is absolutely necessary for plant growth
Garden dish Combining several different kinds of plants to bring a bit of nature in a limited space
European style garden dish Combines foliage and flowering plants
Bonsai The oriental culture of drawing plants and recreating nature in miniature
Texture The physical surface qualities of the plant or flower materials; smooth, glossy, rough, etc
Pattern When texture is used in combination or enlarged
Tertiary colors Produced by mixing a secondary color with one of its primary parents
Value The term used to designate the lightness or darkness of a hue
Tint Any color to which white has been added
Tone A color grayed by a complement color or that has gray added
Shade A color to which black has been added
Hue A particular color - red, yellow, green, etc regardless of the quantity of black or gray
Chroma Pure hue, undiluted with white, black or gray
Monochromatic The term used when an object is composed entirely of one color
Complimentary colors Opposites on the color wheel
Split complimentary colors Two colors to either side of the actual complement color
Tetrad The combination of four hues equally spaced on the color chart
Polychromatic Achieved through the use of many different hues
Triad Three hues equally spaced on the color wheel
Ikebana The art of flower arranging in Japan
Vegetative design The naturalistic design style in which flowers and plant materials are placed the way they grow
Tying or extension method Method used for extending short-stemmed flowers in designs with no water source
Design The harmonious arrangement of balance of all elements and principles for development of a single idea or theme
Principles of Design The fundamental guidelines that help a designer achieve excellence in a composition
Premade bouquet holder A mechanical device that is very popular for bridal bouquets
Line foliage Adds strength, vitality and enhances line
Mass foliage Adds volume and weight
Form foliage The value is found in its distinctive shapes and brillant color
Floral food provides the energy source for flowers in the form of sugars and carbohydrates
Filler foliage Primarily used for background or to fill in an arrangement
Line flower Tall and spike like with blossoms
Mass flower Adds volume to the design
Form flower Have distinctive shapes and are sufficient in themselves and are frequently used in the focal area
Created by: vickiedwitty



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