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Horse Husbandry W4

TermDefinition
epiphyseal plates (epiphyseal cartilage, growth cartilage, growth plates, physeal plates) - plates of cartilage near the ends of the long leg bones at which lengthening of the bone occurs. New cartilage cells steadily change into bone.
epiphysitis inflammation and swelling of the epiphyseal plates above and below the joints. Associated with excessively rapid growth in young horses
exudate substance produced or discharged from some part of the body in response to disease or injury (example: pus)
farrier a horseshoer
fistulous withers condition in which an infection of the withers leads to an abscess
flare outward bending of the hoof wall at the ground surface
flexion the act of bending
flexion test forcibly flexing a joint for 30-60 seconds, then jogging the horse. Occurrence or increase of lameness suggests that inflammation and/or degeneration are present in or around the joint.
floating filing down sharp edges or hooks on a horse's teeth
fracture the breaking of a part, especially a bone
frog a triangular-shaped, elasticlike formation in the sole of the horse's hoof
Furacin brand name for nitrofurazone, an antibacterial used to kill or prevent infection
futurity a contest for young animals, usually entered by prepaid subscription
gangrene death of tissue, usually due to loss of blood supply
gas gangrene usually fatal condition that results when wounds infected by Clostridium bacteria cause tissues to fill with gas and pus
gastric pertaining to the stomach
gastritis acute or chronic inflammation of the stomach lining, often associated with enteritis, inflammation of the intestine
gastroenteritis inflammation of the stomach and intestines
granulation formation of new cells from the capillaries in the base of a wound to fill up the wound gap
gravel condition in which infection has worked up through the white line of the hoof and out the coronary band
hand a unit of measurement (four inches) in which a horse's height at the withers is measured.
health certificate issued by veterinarian stating health conditions of animal
hematoma blood blister, abnormal collection of blood in body tissue due to blood-vessel injury
hemophilia rare, defect of blood-clotting factors. Characterized by persistent bleeding, often results in fatal hemorrhage.
hemorrhage excessive discharge of blood
hemostatic agent material used to apply wounds to aid in blood clotting
hepatic pertaining to the liver
hepatitis inflammation of the liver
herbivore plant-eating animal
hernia protrusion of an organ or body tissue through the abdominal wall or through another natural or accidental body opening
heterogeneous mixed, made up of dissimilar ingredients
histamine a product produced during inflammation or allergic reaction, its effects can include reduced blood pressure and dilated capillaries
hives soft, raised bumps that occur rather suddenly, usually due to an allergic reaction
hobble rope or leather strap used to tie the legs together to restrain the horse
homogeneous of a uniform kind or nature
hoof testers plierlike pinchers, designed for applying local pressure to various areas of the horse's hoof
hook a sharp projection on the tooth left by a naturally uneven bite
hormone a substance produced by a gland or organ to stimulate and regulate a body process such as growth or digestion
host animal or plant that harbors or nourishes another organism
hypertension extreme or excessive extension of a limb
hypersensitivity state of altered activity in which the body reacts with an exaggerated response to a foreign agent.
immune resistant to injurious effects of infectious or noxious agents
immune system body-wide group of varying tissues responsible for recognizing and combating foreign material, ex. lymph system, spleen
Created by: enchantressa