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Scientific Method

Steps and Vocab

Step-1 Question-develop a question or problem that can be solved through experimentation.
Step-2 Observation-A scientist makes observations and or researches his topic of interest
Step-3 Hypothesis-after doing research you will formuate a hypothesis about your question. Every hypothesis has an if/then statement
Step-4 Experiment-In order to test your hypothesis yyou need to develop and follow a procedure. A detailed materials list should be included
Step-5 Collect and analyze results-during this step you will review and modify the procedure if needed.
Step-6 Conclusion-After looking at your data information from your experiment make a conclusion. You may make recommendations for futher study and improvments
Step-7 Communicate results-Scientists share their results with a variety of people throughout the process. Can be done at any stage, not always at the end.
procedure the step by step instructions that tell how an experiment is done. needs to be clear so that another scientist can repeat your eperiment
constants The factors that stay the same in the experiment. Important to have so you know what made the change or caused the outcome. (in a experiment)
Dependent Variable the variable that May change as a result of your experiment. The scientist does NOT purposely change it.
Independent Variable The variable in an experiment that you purposefully change. You change it to see what will happen
Conclusion The part of the experiment where the major findings and results are summarized.
hypothesis An educated guess about the outcome of your experiment, Usually written as a IF/THEN Statement
variable The factor that is changed in an experiment. there are 2 types: Independent/dependent



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