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Ch. 12 L1 & L2

Nutrition

QuestionAnswer
Physical Activity any form of movement that causes your body to use energy
Physical Fitness the ability to carry out daily tasks easily and have enough energy to respond to unexpected demands
Exercise purposeful physical activity that is planned, structure, and repetitive, and that improves or maintains physical fitness
Sedentary involving little physical activity
Aerobic Exercise all the rhythmic activities that use large muscles over a long period of time
Anaerobic Exercise short burst of activity in which muscles work so hard that they produce energy without using oxygen
Isotonic Exercise combine movements of the joints with the contraction of the muscles (calisthenics, lifting weights, push ups, and sit ups)
Isokinetic Exercise exert resistance against a muscle as it moves through a range of motion at a steady rate speed (weight machines)
What are mental and emotional stress benefits? ○ Stress relief ○ Mood enhancement ○ Better sleep ○ Improve self-esteem
What are risks to being inactive? ○ Cardiovascular disease ○ Type 2 diabetes ○ Asthma ○ Osteoporosis ○ Psychological problems ○ Premature death
How much time a day should you set aside for exercise? 1hr ○ 60 min once a day ○ 30 min twice a day ○ 20 min three times a day ○ 15 min four times a day ○ 10 min five times a day
Cardiorespiratory Endurance the ability of your heart, lungs, and blood vessels to send fuel and oxygen to your tissues during long periods of moderate vigorous activity
Muscular strength the amount of strength your muscles exert
Muscular endurance the ability of your muscles to preform physical tasks over a period of time without tiring
Flexibility the ability to move your body parts through their full range of motion
Body Composition the ratio of fats to lean tissue in your body
To Measure your cardiorespiratory endurance 3 min. step test
Measuring Muscular strength and endurance ○ Curl ups ○ Right angle push ups
Measuring Body Composition the skin fold caliber pinch skin measure body fat
Measuring Flexbility Sit and reach test
Created by: sossenkopp