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Ch. 10 L3 & L4

Nutrition

QuestionAnswer
Food Additives substance added to a food to produce a desired effect
Sell by date the last day the store should sell a product
Freshness Date shows the last date on which the product is considered fresh
Pack Date the date on which a food was processed or packaged
Foodborne Illness food poisoning caused by pathogens and bacteria found in food
Pasteurization treating a substance with heat to kill or slow the growth of pathogens
Cross-Contamination the spreading of pathogens from one food to another
Food Allergy a condition in which the body's immune system reacts to substances in some food
Food Intolerance a negative reaction to food that doesn’t involve the immune system
How do you keep food from Cross-Contamination? ○ Keep food separate ○ Cook food thoroughly ○ Keep food Refrigerated
What do Food Labels provide consumers with? provide info about the ingredients and nutritional value of foods
How would you know what food has the most weight in a product? • The ingredients in a food appear on a label in descending order of weight
What are some nutrition claims? ○ Free ○ Low ○ Light ○ Reduced ○ High o Good Source of ○ Healthy
What does a "free" nutrition claim mean? contains none or an insignificant amount
What does a "low" nutrition claim mean? you can eat this food regularly without exceeding your daily limits
What does a "light" nutrition claim mean? must contain one-third fewer calories half the fat or half the sodium
What does a "reduced" nutrition claim mean? must contain 25% fewer calories
What does a "high" nutrition claim mean? must contain 20% of the daily value
What does a "good source of" nutrition claim mean? must contain 10-19% of the daily value
What does a "healthy" nutrition claim mean? must be low in fat and saturated fat and have limited amounts of cholesterol and sodium
Dietary Guidelines for Americans a set of recommendations about smart eating and physical activity for all American
MyPyramid an interactive guide to healthful eating and active living
Grains any food made from wheat, rice oats cornmeal, barley, or another cereal grain is a grain product
Vegetables any vegetable or 100% vegetable juice counts as a member of the Vegetable groups
Fruits the sweet and fleshy product of a tree and other products that contains seeds and can be eaten as food
Meats/Beans all foods made of meat, poultry, seafood, beans, peas, eggs and processed soy products all considered part of the Protein Group (beans and peas are also part of the vegetable group)
Diary food produced from the milk of mammals
Nutrient-Dense Food foods that have a high ratio of nutrients to calories (starting the day off with breakfast)
What is MyPlate? to help consumers make better food choices Designed to remind Americans to eat healthy;it is not intended to change consumer behavior alone Illustrates the five food groups using a familiar mealtime visual place setting
Ex. of grains ○ Bread ○ Pasta ○ Oatmeal ○ Breakfast cereals ○ Tortillas ○ Grits
Ways to eat vegetables... ○ Raw ○ Cooked ○ Fresh ○ Frozen ○ Canned ○ Dried/Dehydrated ○ Whole cut up ○ Mashed
Ways to eat fruits.... ○ Any fruit or 100% fruit juice counts as a fruit group ○ Fresh ○ Frozen o Canned ○ Dried/Dehydrated ○ Whole cut up ○ Pureed
What is a diary product? What is a diary production plant called? ○ High in energy yielding food products ○ A production plant for diary is called a dairy factory
How can you make a good food choices ○ Focus on fruits ○ Vary your veggies ○ Vary your fruits ○ Eat calcium rich food ○ Make half your grains whole grains ○ Eat lean protein ○ Limit certain foods
How long should you be physically active? 30-60 minutes
What are the eating out guidelines? ○ Watching portion size ○ Know how foods are prepared ○ Add fresh vegetables and fruits ○ Go easy on toppings ○ Don't drink your calories
Created by: sossenkopp