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ERP Week 1

Basic Safety and Infectious Control Chapter 6 pgs 98-142

Environmental factors that accelerate the proliferation of pathogens - 6 1. Food 2. Oxygen (O2) 3. Temperature (98.7) 4. Darkness 5. Moisture 6. Neutral pH (7.35-7.45)
Pathogen (disease producing microorganisms) cause infection by: 3 1. Producing - toxins 2. Causing - allergic reactions 3. Destroying - cells of the body
Antisepsis refers to: Inhibiting the growth of pathogens
Antiseptics include: 4 1. Iodine (I) 2. 70% isopropyl alcohol (rubbing alcohol) 3. 3% hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) 4. HIBICLENS (for iodine allergies)
A common Iodine based antiseptic is: Betadine AKA povidone iodine
Non-Iodine based antiseptics include: 3 1. 70% isopropyl alcohol (rubbing alcohol) 2. 3% hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) 3. HIBICLENS (for iodine allergies)
Disinfection refers to: Killing pathogens
Disinfectants include: 2 1. 10% chlorine bleach solution (1/9) 2. Sodium hypochlorite (ammonia)
The process of reducing pathogens to a safe level is called Sanitization
Sanitization includes: 6 1. Vacuuming and cleaning - daily 2. Proper ventilation 3. Screens and insecticides 4. Proper disposal of biohazard materials 5. Avoiding contact between soiled objects and clothing 6.Keeping equipment clean
An object that does not contain pathogens is called: Clean
An object that contains pathogens is called Contaminated or dirty
Inanimate means Not alive
Contaminated inanimate objects are called Fomites
HAI refers to Healthcare Acquired Infections
Common fomites include: 10 1. Doorknobs 2.Telephones 3.Remote controls 4. Faucets 5. Keyboards 6. Light switches 7. Pens/pencils 8. Money 9. Fuel pumps 10.Grocery carts
Striving for the absence of pathogens is called Asepsis or Aseptic technique or Antisepsis
The most effective aseptic technique is: Proper hand washing
Proper hand washing should be performed: Between personal contacts
The type of soap recommended in a medical setting is: Antimicrobial or antibacterial
When washing finger tips that should be: Be pointed down
The underside of the nails should be cleaned wtih A brush or orange/cuticle stick
Shaking of flicking your hand when drying can cause: Droplets to spray into the eyes, nose or mouth
Drying hands thoroughly will help prevent Chapping and reduce germ transmission
Hands should be washed vigorously for: A minimum of 20 seconds
Rings should not be worn but can be kept on: A chain or pinned to clothing
Washing hands between personal contact will dry out skin unless using A personal bottle of water based hand lotion
Water based hand lotion is recommended because Petroleum based hand lotions can cause latex degregation
The 1st task you should perform IMMEDIATELY after work is to Properly wash your hands
If time constraints prohibit proper hand washing use An alcohol based sanitizer
Hand sanitizer should contain: 60% to 90% ethyl alcohol or 70% isopropyl (rubbing) alcohol
Steps for proper application of Hand Sanatizer 1.Apply palmfull of HS to cupped hand 2.Rub hands - palm to palm 3.Rub r over L with- interlaced fingers 4.Rub palm to palm - fingers interlaced 5.Rub back of fingers to opposing palm - fingers interlaced 6.Rub finger tips and nails of right hand 7. 20sec
aseptic precautions include: 5 1. Avoid leaning against - sinks, supplies, or equipment 2. Avoid touching your face or mouth 3. Avoid wearing jewelry 4. Cover a cough or sneeze with tissue or sleeve maneuver 5. Dispose of tissue immediately then wash hands
Aseptic precautions include: 4 1.Post a sign asking patients to use provided tissues 2.Avoid working directly with patients when you have Coryza (common cold) 3.If you have coryza and MUST work wear mask/gloves 4.Stay home if you have a pyrexia and 24hrs after it breaks
Aseptic precautions include: 6 1.Finger nail no longer than 1/4 2.Linen should be held away from the body 3.When unfolding clean linen never shake open 4.Do not use other pen/pencil 5.Always check exam gloves for tear 6.Wear a mask
Protect yourself from respiratory disease such as influenza, TB and coryz by wearing a mask N-95 HEPA P100
Created by: adrouillard